Franklin Simmons

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Franklin Simmons, sculptor

Franklin Bachelder Simmons (January 11, 1839 – December 8, 1913) was a prominent American sculptor of the nineteenth century.[1][2] Three of his statues are in the National Statuary Hall Collection, three of his busts are in the United States Senate Vice Presidential Bust Collection, and his statue of Ulysses S. Grant is in the United States Capitol Rotunda.

Biography[edit]

Simmons was born in Webster, Maine. He spent most of his childhood in Bath, Maine and Lewiston, Maine. He attended Bates College (then called the Maine State Seminary) in 1858. Simmons started sculpting and painting during childhood. He studied with John Adams Jackson.[3]

During the last two years of the American Civil War, he moved to Washington, D.C. and modeled 24 portrait medallions of President Abraham Lincoln, his Cabinet, and generals and admirals.[4] The Union League of Philadelphia purchased most of the medallions. In 1867 Simmons received an honorary A.M. from Bates College and from Colby.

Simmons went to live in Rome in 1868, but returned several times. Among his portrait busts are those of David D. Porter, James G. Blaine, Francis Wayland, and Ulysses S. Grant (1886). He is said to have made a female statue of The Wanderer, meant to depict a Jewess wandering in the desert.[5] He died in Rome, aged 74, and is buried in the Protestant Cemetery.[6]

Selected works[edit]

Equestrian Statue of Major General John A. Logan (1892–1901), Logan Circle, Washington, D.C.

Union League of Philadelphia[edit]

Civil War portrait medallions (1865), Union League of Philadelphia.

United States Capitol[edit]

Peace Monument (marble, 1877), United States Capitol, Washington, D.C.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "FRANKLIN SIMMONS DEAD. - American Sculptor Designecl Grant and Logan Monuments". The New York Times. 1913-12-09. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ [2][dead link]
  4. ^ Dizionario degli Artisti Italiani Viventi: pittori, scultori, e Architetti., by Angelo de Gubernatis. Tipe dei Successori Le Monnier, 1889, page 480.
  5. ^ De Gubernatis, 1905.
  6. ^ [3][dead link]
  7. ^ Lillian Whiting, "Franklin Simmons," The Twentieth Century Magazine, Volume 1 (Google eBook) (Twentieth Century Company, 1910), pg. 202
  8. ^ [4][dead link]
  9. ^ [5][dead link]
  10. ^ "Jochebed (Mother of Moses) | Museum of Fine Arts, Boston". Mfa.org. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  11. ^ "Collection | The Metropolitan Museum of Art". Metmuseum.org. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  12. ^ "Portrait Bust of Robert Treat Paine | Museum of Fine Arts, Boston". Mfa.org. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  13. ^ Gobetz, Wally. "Pennsylvania - Valley Forge: Washington Memorial Chapel - …". Flickr. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  14. ^ "The Peace Monument | Architect of the Capitol | United States Capitol". Aoc.gov. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 
  15. ^ "Ulysses S. Grant, (sculpture)". Siris-artinventories.si.edu. Retrieved 2016-09-15. 

External links[edit]