12 April 1921|
15 November 2017 (aged 96)|
Rio de Janeiro
|Occupation||Painter, sculptor, engraver and photographer|
Frans Krajcberg (12 April 1921 – 15 November 2017) was a Polish Brazilian painter, sculptor, engraver and photographer. Known for his environmental activism, Krajcberg denounced the destruction of the Brazilian forests, using materials such as burnt wood from illegal forest fires in his artworks.
A Polish Jew, Krajcberg was born in Kozienice in 1921. He fought in the Polish Army during World War II. After the war, Krajcberg sought refuge in the Soviet Union, where he studied engineering and art at the Leningrad State University. He then studied in Germany at the Stuttgart Academy of Fine Arts, where he was a student of Willi Baumeister. Krajcberg came to Brazil in 1948 and participated in the eighth São Paulo Biennial in 1951. During the 1940s he produced abstract art. From 1948-54 he traveled between Paris, Ibiza and Rio de Janeiro, where he made his first nature-based art works.
In 1956, Krajcberg moved to Rio de Janeiro, where he shared a studio with the sculptor Franz Weissmann. He became a naturalized Brazilian the following year. In 1964, Krajcberg made his first sculptures with cedar wood. He made several trips to the Amazon Forest and Pantanal, photographing and documenting deforestation, as well as gathering materials for his works, like roots and charred tree trunks. In the 1970s his burnt wood sculptures received international attention.
- Heilman Brooke, Elizabeth (October 17, 1989). "Using Art as a Sword to Defend Brazil's Forests". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- Alcântara, Débora. "Krajcberg: arte com estertor". Outras Palavras. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "Frans Krajcberg, artista plástico, morre aos 96 anos no Rio". G1 (in Portuguese). Retrieved 15 November 2017.
- Frans Krajcberg profile on Itaú Cultural.
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