|Elevation||442 m (1,450 ft)|
|Area||25.74 km2 (9.94 sq mi)|
|Density||208/km2 (539/sq mi)|
|First mentioned||15th century|
|- summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||351 01|
Location in Cheb District
|Wikimedia Commons: Františkovy Lázně|
Františkovy Lázně (Czech pronunciation: [ˈfrancɪʃkovɪ ˈlaːzɲɛ]; German: Franzensbad) is world-renowned as a spa in Cheb District of Karlovy Vary Region in the so-called West Bohemian spa triangle. The city is a candidate for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage.
Franzensbad was a town in the Bohemia province of Austria-Hungary until 1918 and was populated by Sudeten Germans until their forced expulsion in 1945 by the Allies as part of a campaign to ethnically cleanse Eastern Europe of its German Population, where they were later settled in Bayreuth in the Bavaria province of Germany.
The salutary effects of the springs were known from the 15th century on. First, the water was used locally for salutary purposes, later sold all over Germany. In 1700, it reportedly sold more water than all other German spas combined. In the year 1793, the town was officially founded under the name Kaiser Franzensdorf (Emperor Francis II's village) and later renamed to Franzensbad, under which name it became a famous spa.
The local natural mineral water has a relatively high content of dissolved carbon dioxide. The effects of the carbonic baths are shown in the better performance of the cardiovascular system, in the mild decrease of blood pressure in the pulse, in the lower occurrence of chronic inflammatory processes in the body, and also in terms of rheumatics, and in the improved blood circulation in tissues and the vegetative stabilisation.
The local mud treatments represent a traditional curative method which has thermal, chemical and mechanical effects. The mud treatment consists of a thick mushy combination of mud and mineral water which is heated up to a temperature which is significantly higher than body temperature. The treatment has a positive effect on mobility of muscles and the pain in treated tissues.
The local Spa corporation is the biggest spa corporation in the Czech Republic.
Leisure and entertainment
The Social House is the venue of congresses, balls and other social events and the building also houses a casino.
Galleries and museums
- Town museum
- AUTO MOTO MUZEUM (Colonnade of Salt and Meadow Spring)
Arts and literature
- Theater Boženy Němcové
Twin towns — Sister cities
Františkovy Lázně is twinned with:
- "Partnerstädte" (in German). Bad Soden am Taunus. Retrieved 2013-12-11.
- Františkovy Lázně travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Official site (Czech) (English) (German)
- Official site of the Spa corporation
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