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Franz Augsberger (left), Fritz Klingenberg
10 October 1905|
|Died||19 March 1945
near Neustadt, Oberschlesien
|Commands held||20.Waffen-GrenDiv der SS (estnische Nr.1)|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross|
Born in Austria in 1905, Franz Augsberger join the Sturmabteilung (SA) on and the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in 1930. He was in charge of the NSDAP's propaganda until June 1933, when the NSDAP was declared illegal in Austria. Augsberger moved to Germany and joined the SS in 1932. He served with the Austrian Legion from April 1932 to October 1933. In 1934 Augsberger joined the SS-Verfügungstruppe (SS Dispositional Troops; SS-VT). He attended and then taught at an SS training school until March 1939, when he was transferred SS regiment Der Führer.
Augsberger was appointed commander of a regiment in the 6th SS Mountain Division Nord. In April 1942 he was promoted to SS-Obersturmbannführer and awarded the German Cross in Gold. In October 1942 Augsberger was appointed commander of 3 Estonian SS Volunteer Brigade. In January 1944 the brigade was enlarged to form the 20. Estnische SS-Freiwilligen-Division and in May 1944 the 20th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Estonian) respectively, with Augsberger remaining the unit's commander. Augsberger was mentioned in the daily Wehrmachtbericht on 9 March 1944.
Augsberger commanded the division during the long retreat of the German forces on the Eastern Front. In early March he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross by filed marshal Ferdinand Schörner for the division's role in the battle at at the Upper Silesian city of Oppeln. On 19 March, he was killed in action during an attempt to break out of a subsequent encirclement at Oppeln.
Awards and decorations
- Iron Cross of 1939
- 2nd Class (4 July 1941)
- First Class (15 September 1942)
- Infantry Assault Badge (15 January 1942)
- German Cross in Gold on 30 May 1942 as SS-Sturmbannführer in the SS-Infanterie-Regiment 7 (motorized)
- Eastern Front Medal (20 July 1942)
- Mentioned in the Wehrmachtbericht (9 March 1944)
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 8 March 1945 as SS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SS and commander of the 20. Waffen-Grenadier-Division der SS (estnische Nr. 1)
- Honour Roll Clasp of the Army (19 April 1945)
- Order of the Cross of Liberty (Finland)
- 3rd class (1 December 1941)
- 2nd class (30 January 1943)
- 20th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Estonian)
- Occupation of Estonia by Nazi Germany
- Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 19.
- Scherzer 2007, p. 196.
- Mitcham, Samuel W. (2001). Crumbling Empire: The German Defeat in the East, 1944. Westport, CT: Praeger. ISBN 978-0-275-96856-4.
- Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
- Yerger, Mark C (1997). Waffen-SS Commanders: The Army, Corps and Divisional Leaders of a Legend: Augsberger to Kreutz. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7643-0356-2.
|Commander of 11. SS-Freiwilligen-Panzergrenadier-Division "Nordland"
22 March 1943 – 1 May 1943
SS-Gruppenführer Fritz von Scholz