Franz Benda

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Franz Benda

Franz Benda or Czech: František Benda (baptised 22 November 1709, Benátky nad Jizerou – 7 March 1786, Potsdam) was a Bohemian violinist and composer, who worked for much of his life at the court of Frederick the Great.

Benda family house in Benátky nad Jizerou, built 1706/07, demolished 1936.

Life[edit]

Benda was born in Benátky nad Jizerou in Bohemia, the son of Jan Jiří Benda. His brother was the composer Jiří Antonín Benda (Georg Anton Benda). Benda's daughter Juliane Reichardt (1752–1783) and his granddaughter Louise Reichardt (1779–1826) were also composers. Benda wrote his autobiography in 1763: it not only gives a detailed account of his own life but also a valuable record of the lives of other musicians whom he encountered during his career.

In his youth Benda was a chorister in Prague and afterward in the Chapel Royal at Dresden. At the same time he began to study the violin, and soon joined a company of strolling musicians who attended fetes, fairs, etc. At eighteen years of age Benda abandoned this wandering life and returned to Prague, going to Vienna, where he pursued his study of the violin under Johann Gottlieb Graun, a pupil of Tartini. After two years he was appointed chapel master at Warsaw. In 1732, he entered the service of Frederick the Great, then crown prince of Prussia, with whom he remained the rest of his life. He was a member of the crown prince's orchestra, and later became concertmaster to the king.[1] He played about 50,000 concertos over a period of forty years.[2] At Benda's request, Frederick allowed his parents and siblings to move to Potsdam when, as Protestants, they suffered religious persecution in Bohemia.

Benda was a master of all the difficulties of violin playing, and the rapidity of his execution and the mellow sweetness of his highest notes were unequalled. He had many pupils and wrote a number of works, chiefly exercises and studies for the violin.[3]

Benda died in the Nowawes, a small colony near Potsdam set up by Frederick the Great to house Protestant refugees fleeing religious persecution in Bohemia.

Legacy[edit]

Descendants of Benda also continue in the same musical line. In the 20th century, František Benda was a composer of film scores and other works. The Benda Chamber Orchestra, which carries and honours the name of the Benda musical family, was founded in 1956 in Ústí nad Labem, Northern Bohemia (Czech Republic).

Compositions[edit]

Works by Benda are classified by "L" numbers introduced by Douglas A. Lee.

Symphonies
L I:1 \ Symphony No. 1 in C major
L I:2 \ Symphony No. 2 in C major
L I:3 \ Symphony No. 3 in D major
L I:4 \ Symphony No. 4 in D major
L I:5 \ Symphony No. 5 in F major
L I:6 \ Symphony No. 6 in G major
L I:7 \ Symphony No. 7 in G major
L I:8 \ Symphony No. 8 in A major
L I:9 \ Symphony No. 9 in B flat major
L I:10 \ Symphony No.10 in B flat major
L I:11 \ Symphony No.11 in E flat major
L I:12 \ Symphony No.12 in F major
L I:13 \ Symphony No.13 in G major
L I:14 \ Symphony No.14 in A major
L I:15 \ Symphony in C major
L I:16 \ Symphony in F major
L I:17 \ Symphony in G major

Concertos
L II:1 \ Violin Concerto in C major
L II:2 \ Violin Concerto in D major
L II:3 \ Violin Concerto in D major
L II:4 \ Violin Concerto in D minor
L II:5 \ Violin Concerto in E flat major
L II:6 \ Violin Concerto in E major
L II:7 \ Violin Concerto in E major (mostly lost)
L II:8 \ Violin Concerto in E major
L II:9 \ Violin Concerto in F major
L II:10 \ Violin Concerto in G major
L II:11 \ Flute Concerto in G major
L II:12 \ Violin Concerto in A flat major
L II:13 \ Violin Concerto in A major
L II:14 \ Violin Concerto in A major
L II:15 \ Violin Concerto in A major
L II:16 \ Flute Concerto in A minor
L II:17 \ Violin Concerto in B flat major
L II:18 \ Violin Concerto in B flat major
L II:19 \ Violin Concerto in C major (Georg Benda)
L II:20 \ Violin Concerto in B flat major (Joseph Riepel)
L II:21 \ Violin Concerto in B flat major (Johann Benda)
L II:22 \ Violin Concerto in G major (Johann Gottlieb Graun)
L II:23 \ Violin Concerto in E major (lost)
L II:24 \ Violin Concerto in E minor (lost)
L II:25 \ Violin Concerto in G major (lost)
L II:26 \ Violin Concerto in B flat major (lost)
L II:27 \ Violin Concerto in B flat major (lost)
L II:28 \ Violin Concerto in B minor (lost)

Sonatas for instrument & basso continuo
L III:1 \ Violin Sonata Op. 1 No.3 in C major
L III:2 \ Violin Sonata in C major
L III:3 \ Violin Sonata in C major
L III:4 \ Violin Sonata in C major
L III:5 \ Violin Sonata in C major
L III:6 \ Flute Sonata in C major
L III:7 \ Violin Sonata in C major
L III:8 \ Violin Sonata in C minor
L III:9 \ Violin Sonata in C minor
L III:10 \ Violin Sonata in C minor
L III:11 \ Violin Sonata in C minor
L III:12 \ Violin Sonata in C minor
L III:13 \ Violin Sonata in C minor
L III:14 \ Violin Sonata in C minor
L III:15 \ Violin Sonata in C minor
L III:16 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:17 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:18 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:19 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:20 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:21 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:22 \ Flute Sonata in D major
L III:23 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:24 \ Flute Sonata in D major
L III:25 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:26 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:27 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:28 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:29 \ Violin Sonata in D minor
L III:30 \ Violin Sonata in D minor
L III:31 \ Violin Sonata in D minor
L III:32 \ Violin Sonata in D minor
L III:33 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:34 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:35 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:36 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:37 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:38 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:39 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:40 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:41 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:42 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:43 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:44 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:45 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:46 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:47 \ Violin Sonata Op. 1 No.1 in E major
L III:48 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:49 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:50 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:51 \ Violin Sonata Op. 1 No.5 in E major
L III:52 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:53 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:54 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:55 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:56 \ Flute Sonata in E minor
L III:57 \ Flute Sonata in E minor
L III:58 \ Violin Sonata in E minor
L III:59 \ Violin Sonata in E minor
L III:60 \ Violin Sonata in E minor
L III:61 \ Violin Sonata in E minor
L III:62 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:63 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:64 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:65 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:66 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:67 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:68 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:69 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:70 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:71 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:72 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:73 \ Violin Sonata in F minor
L III:74 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:75 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:76 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:77 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:78 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:79 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:80 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:81 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:82 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:83 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:84 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:85 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:86 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:87 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:88 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:89 \ Violin Sonata in G minor
L III:90 \ Violin Sonata in G minor
L III:91 \ Violin Sonata in G minor
L III:92 \ Violin Sonata in A flat major
L III:93 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:94 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:95 \ Violin Sonata Op. 1 No.6 in A major
L III:96 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:97 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:98 \ Violin Sonata Op. 1 No.2 in A major
L III:99 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:100 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:101 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:102 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:103 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:104 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:105 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:106 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:107 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:108 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:109 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:110 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:111 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:112 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:113 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:114 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:115 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:116 \ Violin Sonata in A minor
L III:117 \ Violin Sonata in A minor
L III:118 \ Violin Sonata in A minor
L III:119 \ Violin Sonata in A minor
L III:120 \ Violin Sonata in A minor
L III:121 \ Violin Sonata Op. 1 No.4 in A minor
L III:122 \ Violin Sonata in A minor
L III:123 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:124 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:125 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:126 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:127 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:128 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:129 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:130 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:131 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:132 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:133 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:134 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:135 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:136 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:137 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:138 \ Violin Sonata in B flat minor
L III:139 \ Violin Sonata in B minor
L III:140 \ Violin Sonata in C major
L III:141 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:142 \ Flute Sonata in D major
L III:143 \ Violin Sonata in D major
L III:144 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:145 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major
L III:146 \ Violin Sonata in E major
L III:147 \ Violin Sonata in F major
L III:148 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:149 \ Violin Sonata in G major
L III:150 \ Violin Sonata in G minor
L III:151 \ Violin Sonata in G minor
L III:152 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:153 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:154 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:155 \ Violin Sonata in A major
L III:156 \ Oboe Sonata in B flat major
L III:157 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:158 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:159 \ Violin Sonata in B flat major
L III:160 \ Sonata for keyboard & flute Op. 5 No.2 in C major
L III:161 \ Sonata for keyboard & flute Op. 5 No.3 in E major
L III:162 \ Sonata for keyboard & flute Op. 5 No.1 in F major
L III:163 \ Violin Sonata in G major (Friedrich Ludwig Benda)
L III:164 \ Violin Sonata in A major (Joseph Benda)
L III:165 \ Violin Sonata in F major (lost)
L III:166 \ Violin Sonata in A major (lost)
L III:167 \ Violin Sonata in A minor (lost)
L III:168 \ Violin Sonata in C minor (lost)
L III:169 \ Violin Sonata in D major (lost)
L III:170 \ Flute Sonata in D major (lost)
L III:171 \ Violin Sonata in D major (lost)
L III:172 \ Oboe Sonata in D minor (lost)
L III:173 \ Violin Sonata in E flat major (lost)
L III:174 \ Bassoon Sonata in F major (lost)
L III:175 \ Violin Sonata in A major (lost)
L III:176 \ Violin Sonata in A major (lost)
L III:177 \ Violin Sonata in A major (lost)
L III:178 \ Violin Sonata in A major (lost)
L III:179 \ Violin Sonata in A minor (lost)
L III:180 \ Oboe Sonata in B flat major (lost)
L III:181 \ Bassoon Sonata in B flat major (lost)
L III:182 \ Bassoon Sonata in B flat major (lost)

Trio Sonatas
L IV:1 \ Sonata for 2 flutes & continuo in G major
L IV:2 \ Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in A major
L IV:3 \ Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in D major (Graun)
L IV:4 \ Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in G major (Graun)
L IV:5 \ Sonata for violin, keyboard & continuo in D major (lost)
L IV:6 \ Sonata for violin, bassoon & continuo in F major (lost)
L IV:7 \ Sonata for flute & keyboard obligato in G major
L IV:8 \ Sonata for violin, flute & continuo in G major (lost)
L IV:9 \ Sonata for 2 violins & continuo in B flat major (lost)
L IV:10 \ Sonata for violin & keyboard in B flat major (lost)

Duets for 2 violins
L V:1 \ Violins Duet No. 1 in C major
L V:2 \ Violins Duet No. 5 in C major
L V:3 \ Violins Duet No. 2 in C major
L V:4 \ Violins Duet No. 8 in C major
L V:5 \ Violins Duet No.11 in C major
L V:6 \ Violins Duet No. 4 in C major
L V:7 \ Violins Duet No. 9 in C major
L V:8 \ Violins Duet No. 3 in C major
L V:9 \ Violins Duet No.22 in C minor
L V:10 \ Violins Duet No.21 in C minor
L V:11 \ Violins Duet No.19 in D major
L V:12 \ Violins Duet No.20 in D major
L V:13 \ Violins Duet No.18 in D minor
L V:14 \ Violins Duet No.13 in E minor
L V:15 \ Violins Duet No.17 in F major
L V:16 \ Violins Duet No.10 in G major
L V:17 \ Violins Duet No.16 in G major
L V:18 \ Violins Duet No.12 in G major
L V:19 \ Violins Duet No. 6 in G major
L V:20 \ Violins Duet No. 7 in G major
L V:21 \ Violins Duet No.14 in A minor
L V:22 \ Violins Duet No.15 in A minor
L V:23 \ Violins Duet in C major
L V:24 \ Violins Duet in C major
L V:25 \ Violins Duet in C major
L V:26 \ Violins Duet in E flat major
L V:27 \ Violins Duet in E minor
L V:28 \ Violins Duet in F major
L V:29 \ Violins Duet in F major
L V:30 \ Violins Duet in G major
L V:31 \ Violins Duet in A minor

Solo Violin
L VI:1 \ Violin Capriccio No.62 in C major
L VI:2 \ Violin Capriccio No. 1 in C major
L VI:3 \ Violin Capriccio No.39 in C major
L VI:4 \ Violin Capriccio No.69 in C minor
L VI:5 \ Violin Capriccio No. 6 in C minor
L VI:6 \ Violin Capriccio No.48 in C minor
L VI:7 \ Violin Capriccio No.61 in C minor
L VI:8 \ Violin Capriccio No.70 in C minor
L VI:9 \ Violin Capriccio No.41 in C minor
L VI:10 \ Violin Capriccio No.18 in C sharp major
L VI:11 \ Violin Capriccio No.20 in D flat major
L VI:12 \ Violin Capriccio No.15 in C sharp minor
L VI:13 \ Violin Capriccio No.42 in D major
L VI:14 \ Violin Capriccio No. 4 in D major
L VI:15 \ Violin Capriccio in D major (fragment)
L VI:16 \ Violin Capriccio No.92 in D major
L VI:17 \ Violin Capriccio No.94 in D major
L VI:18 \ Violin Capriccio No.25 in D minor
L VI:19 \ Violin Capriccio No.30 in E flat major
L VI:20 \ Violin Capriccio No.28 in E flat major
L VI:21 \ Violin Capriccio No.65 in E flat major
L VI:22 \ Violin Capriccio No.91 in E flat major
L VI:23 \ Violin Capriccio No. 7 in E flat major
L VI:24 \ Violin Capriccio No.90 in E flat major
L VI:25 \ Violin Capriccio No.64 in E flat major
L VI:26 \ Violin Capriccio No.36 in E flat minor
L VI:27 \ Violin Capriccio No.34 in E major
L VI:28 \ Violin Capriccio No.14 in E major
L VI:29 \ Violin Capriccio No.13 in E minor
L VI:30 \ Violin Capriccio No.71 in F major
L VI:31 \ Violin Capriccio No.33 in F major
L VI:32 \ Violin Capriccio No.24 in F major
L VI:33 \ Violin Capriccio No.29 in F major
L VI:34 \ Violin Capriccio No.95 in F major
L VI:35 \ Violin Capriccio No.72 in F major
L VI:36 \ Violin Capriccio No.27 in F minor
L VI:37 \ Violin Capriccio No.93 in F minor
L VI:38 \ Violin Capriccio No.96 in F minor
L VI:39 \ Violin Capriccio No.22 in F minor
L VI:40 \ Violin Capriccio No.17 in F sharp major
L VI:41 \ Violin Capriccio No.37 in G flat major
L VI:42 \ Violin Capriccio No.16 in F sharp minor
L VI:43 \ Violin Capriccio in G major
L VI:44 \ Violin Capriccio No.51 in G major
L VI:45 \ Violin Capriccio No.11 in G major
L VI:46 \ Violin Capriccio No.12 in G major
L VI:47 \ Violin Capriccio in G major
L VI:48 \ Violin Capriccio No.35 in G major
L VI:49 \ Violin Capriccio No.89 in G minor
L VI:50 \ Violin Capriccio No.40 in G minor
L VI:51 \ Violin Capriccio No. 8 in G minor
L VI:52 \ Violin Capriccio No.38 in A major
L VI:53 \ Violin Capriccio No. 9 in A major
L VI:54 \ Violin Capriccio No.26 in A major
L VI:55 \ Violin Capriccio No.31 in A major
L VI:56 \ Violin Capriccio No.98 in A major
L VI:57 \ Violin Capriccio No.97 in A major
L VI:58 \ Violin Capriccio No.10 in A major
L VI:59 \ Violin Capriccio No. 3 in A minor
L VI:60 \ Violin Capriccio No.21 in A minor
L VI:61 \ Violin Capriccio No. 2 in A minor
L VI:62 \ Violin Capriccio No.23 in B flat major
L VI:63 \ Violin Capriccio No.32 in B flat major
L VI:64 \ Violin Capriccio No.57 in B flat major
L VI:65 \ Violin Capriccio No.47 in B flat major
L VI:66 \ Violin Capriccio No.19 in B flat minor
L VI:67 \ Violin Capriccio No. 5 in B minor
L VI:68 \ Violin Capriccio in G major
L VI:69 \ Violin Capriccio in G major
L VI:70 \ Violin Capriccio No.59 in C major (lost)
L VI:71 \ Violin Capriccio No.84 in C major (lost)
L VI:72 \ Violin Capriccio No.75 in C major (lost)
L VI:73 \ Violin Capriccio No.68 in C major (lost)
L VI:74 \ Violin Capriccio No.83 in C major (lost)
L VI:75 \ Violin Capriccio No.60 in C major (lost)
L VI:76 \ Violin Capriccio No.55a in D major (lost)
L VI:77 \ Violin Capriccio No.81 in D major (lost)
L VI:78 \ Violin Capriccio No.80 in D major (lost)
L VI:79 \ Violin Capriccio No.74 in D major (lost)
L VI:80 \ Violin Capriccio No.78 in D major (lost)
L VI:81 \ Violin Capriccio No.56 in D major (lost)
L VI:82 \ Violin Capriccio No.66 in D minor (lost)
L VI:83 \ Violin Capriccio No.58 in E flat major (lost)
L VI:84 \ Violin Capriccio No.67 in E minor (lost)
L VI:85 \ Violin Capriccio No.53 in E minor (lost)
L VI:86 \ Violin Capriccio No.63 in F major (lost)
L VI:87 \ Violin Capriccio No.50 in F minor (lost)
L VI:88 \ Violin Capriccio No.82 in G major (lost)
L VI:89 \ Violin Capriccio No.79 in G major (lost)
L VI:90 \ Violin Capriccio No.73 in G major (lost)
L VI:91 \ Violin Capriccio No.76 in G major (lost)
L VI:92 \ Violin Capriccio No.52 in G minor (lost)
L VI:93 \ Violin Capriccio No.54 in G minor (lost)
L VI:94 \ Violin Capriccio No.44 in A major (lost)
L VI:95 \ Violin Capriccio No.49 in A major (lost)
L VI:96 \ Violin Capriccio No.88 in A major (lost)
L VI:97 \ Violin Capriccio No.43 in A major (lost)
L VI:98 \ Violin Capriccio No.46 in A minor (lost)
L VI:99 \ Violin Capriccio No.55 in B flat major (lost)
L VI:100 \ Violin Capriccio No.77 in B flat major (lost)
L VI:101 \ Violin Capriccio No.86 in B flat major (lost)
L VI:102 \ Violin Capriccio No.87 in B flat major (lost)
L VI:103 \ Violin Capriccio No.85 in B flat major (lost)
L VI:104 \ Violin Capriccio No.45 in B minor (lost)
L VI:105 \ Violin Capriccio in D major (lost)
L VI:106 \ Violin Capriccio in E flat major (lost)
L VI:107 \ Violin Capriccio in A major (lost)
L VI:108 \ Violin Capriccio in A major (lost)
L VI:109 \ Violin Capriccio in B flat major (lost)
L VI:110 \ Violin Capriccio in B flat major (lost)

Miscellaneous works
L VII:1 \ Dragonermarsch in D major
L VII:2 \ Piece for mechanical clock in G major
L VII:3 \ 3 Odes
L deest \ Harp Sonata in D major

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Benda, Franz". Encyclopedia Americana. 
  2. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Benda, Franz". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. 
  3. ^ [1]

References[edit]

Douglas A. Lee. "Franz Benda". In L. Root, Deane. Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press.  (subscription required)

External links[edit]