Franz Daniel Kahn
Franz Daniel Kahn
13 May 1926
|Died||8 February 1998(aged 71)|
|Education||St Paul's School, London|
|Alma mater||University of Oxford (BA, DPhil)|
Carla Copeland (m. 1950–1981)
|Institutions||University of Manchester|
|Thesis||Some problems concerning the luminosity and other properties of the upper atmosphere|
|Doctoral advisor||Sydney Chapman|
Franz Daniel Kahn FRS FRAS (1926–1998) was a mathematician and astrophysicist at the University of Manchester. He was Professor of Astronomy from 1966 to 1993, then Emeritus thereafter in the School of Physics and Astronomy.
Kahn was educated at St Paul's School, London from 1940 to 1944, after which he secured an open scholarship to The Queen's College, Oxford. After graduating with first-class honours in mathematics in 1947 he moved to Balliol College, Oxford in 1948 as a Skynner senior student. He was awarded a Doctor of Philosophy degree in 1950 for research supervised by Sydney Chapman on the luminosity of the upper atmosphere.
Research and career
|“||Franz Kahn has made many original contributions to plasma astrophysics, cosmical gas dynamics and the physics of star formation, with significant early papers on the structure of ionisation fronts and collision-free shocks. More recently he has done important work on stellar winds and galactic fountains, on planetary nebulae and on remnants of novae and supernovae. His versatility is shown by papers on the spiral structure of the Galaxy, on the nature of the Local Group and the account (with the late Carla Kahn) of the Einstein-de Sitter correspondence. Kahn's style is especially noteworthy for his skill in building simple mathematical models which bring out the essence of the physics.||”|
Awards and honours
Kahn married Carla Copeland (Carla Kahn) in 1950 and had four children. Kahn died of a heart attack in Bourne End, Buckinghamshire, on 8 February 1998 and was buried in the Jewish cemetery in south Manchester. He was survived by his four children.
- Kahn, Jeremy (2013). "About my father: Franz Kahn". jeremykahnwriting.wordpress.com. Archived from the original on 2013-11-22.
- Franz Daniel Kahn at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- Sargent, Wallace Leslie William (1957). Dynamics of novae – a relativistic treatment (PhD thesis). University of Manchester.
- O'Brien, Timothy John (1990). A model for the remnant of the recurrent nova RS Ophiuchi (1985) (PhD thesis). University of Manchester.
- Dyson, James E.; Lynden Bell, Donald (1999). "Franz Daniel Kahn. 13 May 1926 – 8 February 1998: Elected F.R.S. 1993". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 45 (0): 255–267. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1999.0017. ISSN 0080-4606.
- Graham-Smith, Francis (2004). "Kahn, Franz Daniel". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/69540. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- H. P., Palmer; Kahn, F.D. (1968). Quasars: their importance in astronomy and physics. Manchester University Press. ISBN 9780719002649. OCLC 500159318.
- Terrell, J. (1968). "Quasars. Their Importance in Astronomy and Physics. F. D. Kahn and H. P. Palmer. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1967. xii + 112 pp". Science. 159 (3812): 291–292. doi:10.1126/science.159.3812.291. ISSN 0036-8075.
- KAHN, Prof. Franz Daniel. ukwhoswho.com. Who Was Who. 2017 (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. (subscription required)
- Kahn, Franz Daniel (1950). Some problems concerning the luminosity and other properties of the upper atmosphere. ethos.bl.uk (DPhil thesis). University of Oxford.
- Kahn, Carla; Kahn, Franz (1975). "Letters from Einstein to de Sitter on the nature of the Universe". Nature. 257 (5526): 451–454. Bibcode:1975Natur.257..451K. doi:10.1038/257451a0. ISSN 0028-0836.
- Anon (1993). "Certificate of election: EC/1993/20 Franz Daniel Kahn (1926–1998)". collections.royalsociety.org. London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 31 May 2017.
- Dyson, John (1998). "Franz Daniel Kahn FRS 1926–1998". Astronomy & Geophysics. 39 (5): 5.32–5.33. doi:10.1093/astrog/18.104.22.168. ISSN 1366-8781.