Franz Heim

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Franz Heim (Frankfurt am Main, 13 February 1907 – 19 February 1944),[1] promoted on 1 May 1943, was a German Nazi SS-Standartenführer (member no. 18,376), member of NSDAP (no. 352,548), serving from September 1941 as Deputy Commander of the Security Police (SIPO) and the SD for the General Government in occupied Poland, headed by the SS-Oberführer Eberhard Schöngarth in Kraków (Cracow).[2][3]

Höfle Telegram from deputy commander of Aktion Reinhard, Hermann Höfle, 15 January 1943 listing number of arrivals in four extermination camps, 1942 total: 1,274,166 Jews

Heim became known in contemporary Holocaust historiography because of the Höfle Telegram, which was intercepted and decoded by the British. He was the listed recipient of the Aktion Reinhard tally of 1,274,166 Jews murdered in the gas chambers of four death camps during the deadliest phase of the Holocaust in Poland. At the time, Heim held the rank of Obersturmbannführer.[4] The top secret radiogram was sent to him from the city of Lublin by Sturmbannführer Hermann Höfle on 11 January 1943 confirming the progress of the Final Solution of the Jewish Question.[5][6]


  1. ^ Łukasz Najbarowski & Waldemar Sadaj (2011). "Numery członków SS od 18 000 do 18 999 (Card numbers of SS officers with dates)" (in Polish). The Third Reich. Retrieved 4 December 2013. Najwyższa udokumentowana ranga jaką uzyskali n/w członkowie SS. 
  2. ^ Peter Witte, Stephen Tyas (2012). "Deportation and murder of Jews during "Einsatz Reinhardt" 1942". Holocaust and Genocide Studies, V15 N3, Winter 2001. p. 470. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  3. ^ AHF (16 March 2005). "SS-Standartenführer Franz Heim". Einsatzgruppe Schöngarth. Axis History. Retrieved 4 December 2013. SS-Oberf. to SS-Staf. listing by Andreas Schulz. 
  4. ^ Saul Friedländer. The Years of Extermination: Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1939-1945, p. 479.
  5. ^ SPV (2013). "11 Januar- Ein Überblick". 1943 (in German). Shoa Portal Vienna. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  6. ^ Public Record Office, Kew, England, HW 16/23, decode GPDD 355a distributed on 15 January 1943, radio telegrams nos 12 and 13/15, transmitted on 11 January 1943.