Franz Hermann Troschel

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Franz Hermann Troschel (10 October 1810 – 6 November 1882) was a German zoologist born in Spandau.

He studied mathematics and natural history at the University of Berlin, where he was awarded his doctorate in 1834.[1] From 1840 to 1849 he was an assistant to Martin Lichtenstein at the Natural History Museum of Berlin.[1] In 1849 he became a professor of zoology and natural history at the University of Bonn. In 1851 he became a member of the Academy of Sciences Leopoldina.[2]

Troschel is remembered for the identification and classification of species in the fields of malacology, ichthyology and herpetology. A few of the species that contain his name are Troschel's sea star (Evasterias troschelii), Troschel's parrotfish (Chlorurus troschelii), Troschel's murex (Murex troschelii), and a freshwater snail (Bithynia troschelii).

Different variety of Troschel's parrotfish.

Bibliography[edit]

(incomplete)

  • System der Asteriden. Braunschweig: Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn. 1842 (With Johannes Peter Müller (1801–1858)).
  • Über die Bedeutsamkeit des naturgeschichtlichen Unterrichts. Berlin 1845.
  • Horae ichthyologicae. Berlin 1845–49, 3 volumes (With Johannes Peter Müller).
  • Handbuch der Zoologie, third to seventh edition, Berlin 1848/1853/1859/1864/1871, (original authors Arend Friedrich August Wiegmann (1802–1841) and Johann Friedrich Ruthe (1788–1859)). Digital 6th edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf
  • Troschel F. H. 1856–1879. Das Gebiß der Schnecken zur Begründung einer natürlichen Klassifikation. Berlin 1856–1879, two volumes. Volume 1 and volume 2 were published in parts:
    • 1856. Volume 1, part 1: 1–72, plates 1–4.
    • (before 30 October) 1857. 1(2): 73–112, plates 5–8.
    • 1858. 1(3): 113–152, plates 9–12.
    • 1861. 1(4): 153–196, plates 13–16.
    • 1863. 1(5): i–viii, 197–252, plates 17–20.
    • (December) 1865. 2(1): 1–48, plates 1–4.
    • (December) 1867. 2(2): 49–96, plates 5–8.
    • 1869. 2(3): 97–132, plates 9–12.
    • 1875. 2(4): 133–180, plates 13–16.
    • (18 September) 1878. 2(5): 181–216, plates 17–20.
    • (2 September) 1879. 2(6): 217–246, plates 21–24.
    • Two last parts 2(7) and 2(8) were continued by Johannes Thiele and published in 1891 and 1893.
  • Troschel was the editor of Archiv für Naturgeschichte from volume 15 (1849) to 48 (1882), Berlin, Nicolaische Verlagsbuchhandlung (Volume 35, part 2, online).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Troschel", p. 268).
  2. ^ Franz Herrmann Troschel Deutschen Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina.
  • This article is based on a translation of an equivalent article at the German Wikipedia.
  • H. von Dechen, 1883. Zur Erinnerung an Dr. Franz Hermann Troschel; Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereines der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 40 (Correspondenzblatt 1): p. 35–54 (biography and bibliography).

External links[edit]