Franz Joseph Emil Fischer
Franz Fischer (1911)
19 March 1877|
Freiburg, Baden, Germany
1 December 1947 (aged 70)|
|Alma mater||University of Gießen|
|Known for||Fischer-Tropsch process|
|Institutions||Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Coal Research|
|Doctoral advisor||Karl Elbs|
Franz Joseph Emil Fischer (19 March 1877 in Freiburg im Breisgau – 1 December 1947 in Munich) was a German chemist. He was founder and first director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Coal Research. He is known for the discovery of the Fischer-Tropsch process.
The first barbiturate drug, barbital, was synthesized in 1902 by Emil Fischer and Joseph von Mering.
In 1925 He and Hans Tropsch discovered the Fischer-Tropsch process, that allow to produce liquid hydrocarbons from carbon monoxide and hydrogen with metal catalyst at temperatures of 150–300 °C (302–572 °F).
In 1930 He and Hans Schrader developed the Fischer Assay, a standardized laboratory test for determining the oil yield from oil shale to be expected from a conventional shale oil extraction. He also worked with Wilhelm Ostwald and Hermann Emil Fischer. In 1913 he became Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Coal Research in Mülheim.
- Wilhelm Exner Medal, 1936
- Pichler, Helmut (1967). "Franz Fischer 1877–1947". Chemische Berichte. 100 (6): CXXVII–CLVII. doi:10.1002/cber.19671000642.
- Heistand, Robert N. (1976). "The Fischer Assay, standard method?" (PDF). San Francisco: Symposium on oil shale, tar sands, and related materials — production and utilization of synfuels. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- Chemist biographies
- Newspaper clippings about Franz Joseph Emil Fischer in the 20th Century Press Archives of the German National Library of Economics (ZBW)
|This article about a German chemist is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|