Franz Joseph Emil Fischer

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Franz Fischer
Franz Josef Emil Fischer - 1877 reutsche.jpg
Franz Fischer (1911)
Born(1877-03-19)19 March 1877
Died1 December 1947(1947-12-01) (aged 70)
Alma materUniversity of Gießen
Known forFischer-Tropsch process
Scientific career
InstitutionsKaiser Wilhelm Institute for Coal Research
Doctoral advisorKarl Elbs

Franz Joseph Emil Fischer (19 March 1877 in Freiburg im Breisgau – 1 December 1947 in Munich) was a German chemist. He was the founder and first director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Coal Research. He is known for the discovery of the Fischer–Tropsch process.[1]


In 1925, he and Hans Tropsch discovered the Fischer–Tropsch process. This allowed for the production of liquid hydrocarbons from carbon monoxide and hydrogen with metal catalyst at temperatures of 150–300 °C (302–572 °F).

In 1930, he and Hans Schrader developed the Fischer assay, a standardized laboratory test for determining the oil yield from oil shale to be expected from a conventional shale oil extraction.[2] He also worked with Wilhelm Ostwald and Hermann Emil Fischer.[3] In 1913, he became the Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Coal Research in Mülheim.

He joined the NSDAP in 1933, and remained in office until his retirement in 1943.



  1. ^ Pichler, Helmut (1967). "Franz Fischer 1877–1947". Chemische Berichte. 100 (6): CXXVII–CLVII. doi:10.1002/cber.19671000642.
  2. ^ Heistand, Robert N. (1976). "The Fischer Assay, standard method?" (PDF). San Francisco: Symposium on oil shale, tar sands, and related materials — production and utilization of synfuels. Retrieved 2008-08-18. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Chemist biographies[dead link]

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