Franz Joseph Emil Fischer
Franz Fischer (1911)
|Died||1 December 1947 (aged 70)|
|Alma mater||University of Gießen|
|Known for||Fischer-Tropsch process|
|Institutions||Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Coal Research|
|Doctoral advisor||Karl Elbs|
Franz Joseph Emil Fischer (19 March 1877 in Freiburg im Breisgau – 1 December 1947 in Munich) was a German chemist. He was founder and first director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Coal Research. He is known for the discovery of the Fischer–Tropsch process.
In 1925 He and Hans Tropsch discovered the Fischer–Tropsch process, that allow to produce liquid hydrocarbons from carbon monoxide and hydrogen with metal catalyst at temperatures of 150–300 °C (302–572 °F).
In 1930 He and Hans Schrader developed the Fischer assay, a standardized laboratory test for determining the oil yield from oil shale to be expected from a conventional shale oil extraction. He also worked with Wilhelm Ostwald and Hermann Emil Fischer. In 1913 he became Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Coal Research in Mülheim.
- Wilhelm Exner Medal, 1936
- Pichler, Helmut (1967). "Franz Fischer 1877–1947". Chemische Berichte. 100 (6): CXXVII–CLVII. doi:10.1002/cber.19671000642.
- Heistand, Robert N. (1976). "The Fischer Assay, standard method?" (PDF). San Francisco: Symposium on oil shale, tar sands, and related materials — production and utilization of synfuels. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- Chemist biographies
- Newspaper clippings about Franz Joseph Emil Fischer in the 20th Century Press Archives of the German National Library of Economics (ZBW)
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