Franz Joseph Emil Fischer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Franz Fischer
Franz Josef Emil Fischer - 1877 reutsche.jpg
Franz Fischer (1911)
Born (1877-03-19)19 March 1877
Freiburg, Baden, Germany
Died 1 December 1947(1947-12-01) (aged 70)
Munich, Germany
Nationality German
Alma mater University of Gießen
Known for Fischer-Tropsch process
Scientific career
Institutions Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Coal Research
Doctoral advisor Karl Elbs

Franz Joseph Emil Fischer (19 March 1877 in Freiburg im Breisgau – 1 December 1947 in Munich) was a German chemist. He was founder and first director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Coal Research. He is known for the discovery of the Fischer-Tropsch process.[1]


The first barbiturate drug, barbital, was synthesized in 1902 by Emil Fischer and Joseph von Mering.

In 1925 He and Hans Tropsch discovered the Fischer-Tropsch process, that allow to produce liquid hydrocarbons from carbon monoxide and hydrogen with metal catalyst at temperatures of 150–300 °C (302–572 °F).

In 1930 He and Hans Schrader developed the Fischer Assay, a standardized laboratory test for determining the oil yield from oil shale to be expected from a conventional shale oil extraction.[2] He also worked with Wilhelm Ostwald and Hermann Emil Fischer.[3] In 1913 he became Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Coal Research in Mülheim.



  1. ^ Pichler, Helmut (1967). "Franz Fischer 1877–1947". Chemische Berichte. 100 (6): CXXVII–CLVII. doi:10.1002/cber.19671000642. 
  2. ^ Heistand, Robert N. (1976). "The Fischer Assay, standard method?" (PDF). San Francisco: Symposium on oil shale, tar sands, and related materials — production and utilization of synfuels. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  3. ^ Chemist biographies

External links[edit]