Franz Joseph Sigismund von Roggenbach

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Franz Joseph Sigismund von Roggenbach

Franz Joseph Sigismund von Roggenbach (1726–1794) was the Prince-Bishop of Basel from 1782 to 1794.[1]


Franz Joseph Sigismund von Roggenbach was born in Zwingen on December 14, 1726, the son of Franz Josef Konrad von Roggenbach and his wife Maria Anna Eva Blarer von Wartensee.[2]

He was educated at the Jesuit gymnasium in Porrentruy.[2] He became a canon of Basel Münster in 1742, and then became its capitulary in 1750.[2]

On November 25, 1782, the cathedral chapter of Basel Münster unanimously elected Roggenbach to be the new Prince-Bishop of Basel, with Pope Pius VI confirming his appointment on July 18, 1783.[3] He was consecrated as a bishop by Raymond de Durfort, Archbishop of Besançon, on September 29, 1783.[3]

Shortly after Roggenbach's election, revolutionary activity began in the prince-bishopric, encouraged by Roggenbach's auxiliary bishop, Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Gobel, a supporter of the sans-culottes.[2] The French Revolution eventually spread into the prince-bishopric, and, following rioting in Porrentruy, Roggenbach fled the prince-bishopric on April 27, 1792, under the protection of Austrian troops, traveling first to Delémont, then to Biel, and finally to Konstanz.[2] On December 17, 1792, the French First Republic incorporated the northern part of the Prince-Bishopric of Basel into a new client state known as the Rauracian Republic.[2]

Roggenbach died in Konstanz on March 9, 1794.[2]


Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Friedrich Ludwig Franz von Wangen zu Geroldseck
Prince-Bishop of Basel
Succeeded by
Franz Xaver von Neveu