Franz Ludwig Fick

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Franz Ludwig Fick
Ludwick Fick (1813-1858).png
Franz Ludwig Fick (1813-1858)
Born (1813-05-18)May 18, 1813
Died December 31, 1858(1858-12-31) (aged 45)
Residence Germany
Nationality German
Alma mater University of Marburg
Known for Cerebral phantom
Scientific career
Fields Anatomist
Institutions University of Marburg
Doctoral advisor Christian Heinrich Bünger
Doctoral students Adolf Fick
Other notable students Carl Ludwig
He is the brother of the German physiologist Adolf Eugen Fick who invented tonometry. He is the father of the German ophthalmologist Adolf Gaston Eugen Fick who invented the contact lens.

Franz Ludwick Fick (18 May 1813 – 31 December 1858) was a professor of anatomy at the University of Marburg.


In 1835, he received his MD under Bünger from the University of Marburg.


Fick studied the developmental mechanics of bone growth, especially of the skull. He invented the cerebral phantom - an openable paper model showing the various parts of the brain that became the prototype of openable figures in medical texts. Fick wrote texts on human anatomy and pathology. He studied the mechanism of vision and the function of the retina. He investigated the function and performance of the taste buds and described the anatomy of elephant's ears.

Books by Fick[edit]


  • Neue Deutsche Biographie, Duncker & Humblot: 1953-1990, Vol. 5, pp. 128–129.
  • Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte, Urban & Schwarzenberg: 1962, Vol. 2, p. 515.
  • Archiv Rassen-Ges. Biol. 1922-3, Vol. 14, pp. 159–175.
  • I. Schnack, Lebensbilder aus Kurhessen und Waldeck 1830-1930, N. G. Elwert: 1939-1958, Vol. 4, pp. 74–82.

External links[edit]