Franz Mazura

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Franz Mazura
Franz Mazura .jpg
Franz Mazura in 2015
Born(1924-04-22)22 April 1924
Salzburg, Austria
Died23 January 2020(2020-01-23) (aged 95)
Mannheim, Germany
EducationHochschule für Musik Detmold
OccupationOperatic bass-baritone
Organization
TitleKammersänger
Spouse(s)
Elisabeth Friedmann
(m. 1957; died 2016)
[1]
Children2[1]
Awards

Franz Mazura (22 April 1924 – 23 January 2020)[2] was an Austrian bass-baritone opera singer and actor. He performed at the Bayreuth Festival from 1971 for 25 years and at the Metropolitan Opera for 15 years. He was made a Kammersänger in 1980 and an Honorary Member of the Nationaltheater Mannheim in 1990. He most often played villains and strange characters,[1] with signature roles including Klingsor in Wagner's Parsifal. Mazura took part in world premieres, such as the double role of Dr. Schön and Jack the Ripper in the world premiere of the completed version of Alban Berg's Lulu at the Paris Opera in 1979, and as Abraham in Giorgio Battistelli's Lot in 2017. Two of his recordings received Grammy Awards. His voice was described as with dark timbre, powerful and like granite ("dunkel gefärbt, kräftig und wie Granit"), with perfect diction.[2] His acting ability was described as "well-supplied with vivid imaginative touches, whether deployed in comic roles or characters of inexorable malevolence. Mazura could achieve more impact with a lifted eyebrow or a belligerently thrust chin than many artists could with a ten-minute monologue."[3] He had a long career, appearing at the Staatsoper Berlin the night before his 95th birthday.

Life[edit]

Born in Salzburg, Mazura was the son of Maria, a homemaker, and Franz Mazura, a tax inspector.[1] He first studied mechanical engineering. He was drafted in 1942.[2] After World War II, he studied with Frederick Husler at the Hochschule für Musik Detmold,[4] and worked during his studies as an actor at the Landestheater Detmold.[2] He made his debut on the opera stage as a bass at the Staatstheater Kassel in 1949.[2] He then worked at the Staatstheater Mainz, Staatstheater Braunschweig, and Nationaltheater Mannheim, where he was a member of the ensemble from 1958 to 1963. In Mannheim, he was cast more in baritone roles.[4] He recalled the time there as especially pleasant, singing a repertoire of 60 roles and enjoying the collaboration among colleagues.[5] He was a member of the Deutsche Oper Berlin from 1963.[6]

From 1960, he performed at the Salzburg Festival, first as Cassandro in Mozart's La finta semplice, then from 1970 as Pizarro in Beethoven's Fidelio.[4] He had a guest contract with the Hamburg State Opera from 1973.[4] At the Vienna State Opera, he appeared as the Komtur (Commendatore) in Mozart's Don Giovanni, as Pizarro, as La Roche in Capriccio by Richard Strauss and as Jochanaan in Salome, among others.[7] Mazura appeared at the Bayreuth Festival from 1971 for 25 years.[4][8] He sang the roles of Alberich and Gunther in Der Ring des Nibelungen, Biterolf in Tannhäuser, Marke in Tristan und Isolde, and finally Klingsor in Parsifal.[9] His other Mozart roles included the Speaker of the Temple of Wisdom in Die Zauberflöte.[10]

In 1976, Mazura performed as Alberich in Wagner's Das Rheingold under Georg Solti, staged by Peter Stein. On 24 February 1979, he appeared in the double role of Dr. Schön and Jack the Ripper in the world premiere of the completed version of Alban Berg's Lulu at the Paris Opera, conducted by Pierre Boulez and directed by Patrice Chéreau.[4][11] In the same opera and theatre, he appeared as Schigolch, first in 2003.[9] He also performed roles such as Scarpia in Puccini's Tosca, the Doctor in Berg's Wozzeck, and in Viktor Ullmann's Der Kaiser von Atlantis. Although he was typecast as a villain, he appeared at Bayreuth a few times in other roles, such as Gurnemanz in Parsifal in 1973, with Eugen Jochum conducting, and Wanderer in Siegfried in 1988, conducted by Daniel Barenboim.[4]

Mazura first appeared at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City in 1980, at age 56, as Dr. Schön/Jack the Ripper in Lulu. He returned regularly for 15 years.[2] A reviewer wrote:

Mazura is a man of commanding stature, both physically and vocally. In the role of Jack the Ripper he brings the opera to its bloody denouement, with an adamant dramatic power that provides the opera's most memorable moment.[12]

Among Mazura's roles at the Met was Alberich in Der Ring des Nibelungen in 1981, conducted by Erich Leinsdorf. In Siegfried, reviewer Donal Henahan found him and Heinz Zednik as Mime the most interesting in their character roles.[13] The same year, he appeared as Creon in Stavinsky's Oedipus Rex.[14] He performed as Gurnemanz and Pizarro in 1983, as Count Waldner in Arabella by Richard Strauss in 1984, alongside Kiri Te Kanawa in the title role and conducted by Marek Janowski, and as the Doctor in Wozzeck in 1995.[14] After repeating Lulu and Parsifal, he was Frank in a new production of Die Fledermaus by Johann Strauss in 1986, and Mr. Flint in Britten's Billy Budd in 1989. His last performance at the Met was again Dr. Schön in 2002.[14]

Mazura appeared in 2006 in the narrating role of Charon in Henze's Das Floß der Medusa, which was performed for the composer's 80th birthday at the Berliner Philharmonie, conducted by Simon Rattle, and with Christian Gerhaher as Jean-Charles and Camilla Nylund as La Mort.[15]

Mazura's career as an opera singer was extremely long. He performed in 2017 in the world premiere of Giorgio Battistelli's opera Lot, in the role of Abraham, at age 93.[16] In April 2019, he performed as Meister Hans Schwarz in Wagner's Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg at the Staatsoper Berlin.[17] The final performance of this run was on 21 April, the night before Mazura's 95th birthday.[6]

Mazura lived in Edingen-Neckarhausen since 1964.[18][19] He died on 23 January 2020.[2][6][20]

Recordings[edit]

Mazura can be seen on DVD as Gunther in the Jahrhundertring production of Der Ring des Nibelungen, Klingsor in Parsifal, Biterolf in Tannhäuser, Prison-Warden Frank in Die Fledermaus, and Doktor Schön in Lulu.

Discography[edit]

Year Title Role(s) Cast Conductor,
orchestra
Label
1966 Handel: Tamerlano[21] Tamerlano Franz Mazura, Helen Donath,
Kieth Engen, Raili Kostia [fi],
Kari Nurmela
Ferdinand Leitner,
Cappella Coloniensis
Kantorei Barmen-Gemarke
CD: Profil Edition Günter Hänssler
Cat: PH11029
(CD released in 2015)
1978 Wagner: Tannhäuser[22] Biterolf Gwyneth Jones, Spas Wenkoff,
Hans Sotin, Bernd Weikl,
Franz Mazura, John Pickering,
Robert Schunk
Colin Davis,
Bayreuth Festival orchestra and chorus
VHS: Philips
Cat: 070 828-3,
DVD: Deutsche Grammophon
Cat: 073-444-6
(DVD released in 2008)
1979 Berg: Lulu[23] Dr. Schön / Jack the Ripper Teresa Stratas, Yvonne Minton,
Hanna Schwarz, Franz Mazura,
Kenneth Riegel, Toni Blankenheim,
Robert Tear, Helmut Pampuch
Pierre Boulez,
Paris Opera
Orchestre De L'Opéra De Paris
CD: Deutsche Grammophon
Cat: 463-617-2
1979–80 Wagner: Götterdämmerung
in Jahrhundertring[23]
Gunther Gwyneth Jones, Manfred Jung,
Gwendolyn Killebrew, Ortrun Wenkel,
Katie Clarke, Gabriele Schnaut,
Franz Mazura, Fritz Hübner, et al.
Pierre Boulez,
Bayreuth Festival orchestra and chorus
VHS: Philips
Cat: 070 401-3,
DVD: Deutsche Grammophon
Cat: 0440 073 4057 8 (8 DVD)
Götterdämmerung in DVD #6-7
(DVD released in 2005)[24][25]
1980 Wagner: Parsifal[26] Klingsor Bernd Weikl, Kurt Moll,
Matti Salminen, James King,
Franz Mazura, Yvonne Minton
Rafael Kubelík,
Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
and chorus, Tölzer Knabenchor
CD: Arts Archives
Cat: 43027-2
(recorded in May 1980;
commercially released in 2003)[27]
1980 Berg: Lulu[28] Dr. Schön / Jack the Ripper Julia Migenes, Evelyn Lear,
Kenneth Riegel, Franz Mazura,
Frank Little, Lenus Carlson,
Andrew Földi, Hilda Harris
James Levine,
Metropolitan Opera orchestra and chorus
DVD: Sony Classical
Cat: 8869 791009 9
(DVD released in 2011)[29]
1985 Schoenberg: Moses und Aron[30] Moses Franz Mazura, Philip Langridge Georg Solti,
Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Chicago Symphony Chorus
CD: Decca
Cat: 414 264-2/475 867 8[31]
1987 Wagner: Parsifal[32] Klingsor Peter Hofmann, Waltraud Meier,
Hans Sotin, Simon Estes,
Franz Mazura, Matti Salminen
James Levine,
Bayreuth Festival orchestra and chorus
CD: Philips
Cat: 434 616-2
1994 Ullmann: Der Kaiser von Atlantis[33][34][35] Der Lautsprecher Michael Kraus, Walter Berry,
Iris Vermillion, Franz Mazura,
Herbert Lippert
Lothar Zagrosek,
Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
CD: Decca
Cat: 440 854-2
2002 Wagner: Parsifal[36][37] Klingsor Waltraud Meier, Kurt Moll,
Siegfried Jerusalem, Bernd Weikl,
Franz Mazura, Jan-Hendrik Rootering
James Levine,
Metropolitan Opera orchestra and chorus
DVD: Deutsche Grammophon
Cat: 073-032-9

Awards[edit]

Mazura appears on two Grammy Award winning recordings: as Dr. Schön in Lulu, conducted by Pierre Boulez (Best Opera Recording 1980),[38][9] and as Moses in Schoenberg's Moses und Aron, conducted by Sir Georg Solti (Best Opera Recording 1985).[2][39]

Mazura was made an honorary member of the Nationaltheater Mannheim in 1990.[5] He was awarded the Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 2010.[6][19] In 2015, he received the German theatre prize Der Faust for Lifetime Achievement.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Tommasini, Anthony (29 January 2020). "Franz Mazura, 95, Opera Singer Whose Specialty Was Villains, Dies". The New York Times. New York City. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Ossowski, Maria; Oerding, Henrik (24 January 2020). "Bassbariton Franz Mazura mit 95 verstorben / Vom Ingenieur zum Opernsänger". BR (in German). Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  3. ^ "Franz Mazura, 95, Singing Actor Who Brought Life to Villains, Curmudgeons and Authority Figures, has Died". www.operanews.com.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Franz Mazura". Bayreuth Festival (in German). Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Opernsänger und Wagner-Interpret Franz Mazura ist gestorben". SWR (in German). 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d "Mitglied der Deutschen Oper Berlin Bassbariton Franz Mazura ist tot". Der Tagesspiegel (in German). 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  7. ^ "Vorstellungen with Franz Mazura". Vienna State Opera (in German). Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  8. ^ "Die Bayreuther Festspiele trauern um Franz Mazura!". Bayreuth Festival (in German). 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  9. ^ a b c "Kopf des Tages / Franz Mazura – sechs Stunden Wagner zum 95er". Salzburger Nachrichten (in German). 19 April 2019. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  10. ^ "San Francisco Opera Performance Archive". archive.sfopera.com.
  11. ^ Schonberg, Harold C. (26 February 1979). "First Full 'Lulu' of Berg Draws World Notables to Paris Opera". The New York Times. p. A1.
  12. ^ Winship, Frederick M. (19 December 1980). "Opera to Air Nationwide". The Hour. p. 49. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
  13. ^ Henahan, Donal (26 September 1981). "Opera: "Siegfried", under Leinsdorf, back at Met". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  14. ^ a b c "Performance record of Mazura, Franz (Bass)". Metropolitan Opera. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  15. ^ Spielplan 2006/2007 / Berliner Philharmoniker / Sir Simon Rattle Berliner Philharmoniker
  16. ^ Schalz-Laurenze, Ute (2017). "Mit oder ohne Gott? – Giorgio Battistellis Oper "Lot" an der Niedersächsischen Staatsoper uraufgeführt". Neue Musikzeitung (in German).
  17. ^ "Einspringer save the day in a joyous Staatsoper Meistersinger". bachtrack.com.
  18. ^ Dettlinger, Uwe (24 January 2020). "Mensch, Faust-Preisträger, Universal-Künstler". Mannheimer Morgen (in German). Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  19. ^ a b c "Opernsänger Franz Mazura gestorben". Der Standard (in German). Vienna. APA. 24 January 2020. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  20. ^ Vukosavljevic, Dejan (23 January 2020). "Obituary: Famed Bass-Baritone Franz Mazura Dies at 95". operawire.com. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  21. ^ Handel: Tamerlano prestomusic.com
  22. ^ Richard Wagner / Tannhäuser Deutsche Grammophon
  23. ^ a b OCLC 689933854
  24. ^ "Der Ring des Nibelungen". deutschegrammophon.com.
  25. ^ "Franz Mazura (1924–2020) at the Bayreuth Festival". wagneropera.net.
  26. ^ Parsifal / Rafael Kubelík wagnerdisco.net
  27. ^ "Wagner: Parsifal / Kubelik, Moll, King, Weikl, Salminen, Minton (recorded in May 1980, commercially released in 2003 due to contractual issue)". arkivmusic.com.
  28. ^ Tim Ashley: Berg: Lulu – review The Guardian, 8 December 2011
  29. ^ "The Metropolitan Opera on DVD – Berg's Lulu – Julia Migenes, Evelyn Lear, Franz Mazura / Dexter / Levine [Sony Classical]". classicalsource.com.
  30. ^ OCLC 225691809
  31. ^ DNB-IDN 359524559
  32. ^ Parsifal / James Levine wagnerdisco.net
  33. ^ Karsten Steiger: Der Kaiser von Atlantis oder die Todverweigerung in Opern-Diskographie: Verzeichnis aller Audio- und Video-Gesamtaufnahmen, p. 480
  34. ^ Ullmann: Der Kaiser von Atlantis & Hölderlin-Lieder prestomusic.com
  35. ^ Rob Barnett: Viktor Ullmann (1898–1944) / Der Kaiser von Atlantis musicweb-international, October 2003
  36. ^ Richard Wagner / Parsifal Deutsche Grammophone
  37. ^ Rothstein, Edward (14 March 1992). "Review/Opera; A 'Parsifal' at the Met With Meier and Jerusalem". The New York Times. New York City. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  38. ^ "Newcomer makes sweep of top Grammy Awards: Complete list of winners". Ottawa Citizen. 26 February 1981. p. 61. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  39. ^ Billboard, "Grammy Winners", (8 March 1986) p. 88

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]