Franz Pecháček by Johann Jaresch after Adalbert Suchy.
|Birth name||Franz Xaver Pecháček|
Franz Xaver Pecháček (4 July 1793 in Vienna – 15 September 1840 in Karlsruhe) was an Austrian-German violin virtuoso and composer of Bohemian origin. Besides polonaises, variations, Rondos and potpourris for violin and orchestra, he composed two string quartets and the Adagio et Polonaise for clarinet and orchestra.
Franz Pecháček was a very gifted student and already at a very early age performed as a soloist. His was trained by his father František Martin Pecháček and by Ignaz Schuppanzigh and Emanuel Aloys Förster. When he was six he performed before the imperial court and in 1803 he went publicly with his father for the first time in Prague, where he was received with great success, thus gaining his reputation as a child prodigy. Other musical education he acquired in Vienna, where he studied composition with Emanuel Aloys Förster.
From 1809 to 1822 he was a violinist at the Theater an der Wien, first as a concert master and later as a second conductor. In 1818 he was appointed first violinist of the Hanoverian court orchestra. Guest performance tours took him further to Dresden and Leipzig, and from 1824 to 1825 the cities of southern Germany. He also became concertmaster of the court orchestra in Stuttgart from 1822 until 1826, being appointed as concert master of the Grand Duke of Baden Karlsruhe court orchestra in 1827, where he worked until 15 September 1840. In 1832 he made a trip to Paris, but there the expected success did not come. Parisians saw in his play an imitation of Niccolo Paganini and, as a result of his strenuous concerts, he was only disappointment.
As a violinist and composer Pecháček was very estimated, writing works almost exclusively for solo violin with accompaniment. As a virtuoso, however, he never defined himself as such. He composed about 40 works. These are short pieces for violin and orchestra, dances and variations.
- Deuxie (1822)
- Variations on Schubert's German Dance D365 No. 2 Trauerwalzer, Op. 9
- First concertino for Violin with accompaniment of Orchestra, Op. 16 (1826)
- Variations sur un theme hongrois for Violin with Orchestra or two Violins, Viola and Violoncello, Op. 17 (1834)
- Polonaise for Violin with Orchestra accompaniment, Op. 18 (1826)
- Divertissement for Solo Violin with accompaniment of Orchestra or two Violins, Viola and Violoncello, Op. 20 (1826)
- Introduction and Brilliant Variations on a Favorite Air for Violin with accompaniment for Pianoforte, Op. 28 (1845)
- Baumgartner, Alfred (1983). Musik der Romantik: Grosse Musikführer – Vol 4. Kiesel. p. 156. ISBN 3-7023-4004-1.
- Usti Kultura. "15. září 1840 zemřel v Karlsruhe houslista a hudební skladatel František Pecháček". Usti.cz. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
- Ch. Harten (1978). Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950 (PDF). Vienna: Austrian Academy of Sciences. p. 382. ISBN 3-7001-0187-2.
- Amazon. "Works by Franz Xaver Pechatschek". Amazon.com. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- Senza-basso. "Solo violin works catalogue". Senza-basso website. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- This article is based on the translation of the corresponding article on the German Wikipedia. A list of contributors can be found there at the History section.