Franz Xaver Süssmayr
Franz Xaver Süssmayr (German: Franz Xaver Süßmayr or Suessmayr in English; 1766 – September 17, 1803) was an Austrian composer and conductor. Popular in his day, he is now known primarily as the composer who completed Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's unfinished Requiem. In addition, there have been performances of Süssmayr's operas at Kremsmünster, and his secular political cantata (1796), Der Retter in Gefahr, SmWV 302, received its first full performance in over 200 years in June 2012 in a new edition by Mark Nabholz, conducted by Terrence Stoneberg. There are also CD recordings of his unfinished clarinet concerto (completed by Michael Freyhan), one of his German requiems, and his Missa Solemnis in D.
His works include the following:
- Two masses (SmWV 101–102)
- Two requiems (SmWV 103–104)
- Seven offertories (SmWV 112–115, 117–119, 123, 125, 144–145, 156)
- A gradual (SmWV 143)
- A magnificat
- Agonia e morte di Mozart (fantasia for piano)
- Nicht mehr als sechs Schüsseln (SmWV 205)
- Moses oder der Auszug aus Ägypten (SmWV 209)
- Der Spiegel von Arkadien (SmWV 213)
- List und Zufall (SmWV 224)
Of special note may be the clarinet concerto (SmWV 501) he most probably wrote for Mozart's clarinetist Anton Stadler, because it was scored for the basset clarinet. Recordings of the work by Dieter Klöcker (on Novalis) on "normal clarinet" and by Thea King (on Hyperion) in a reconstructed version for basset clarinet by Michael Freyhan are available.
- Il noce di Benevento, ballet by Salvatore Viganò, premiered at La Scala on 25 April 1812. It gave an inspiration to Niccolò Paganini for creating Le Streghe, Variations on a theme from the ballet Il noce di Benevento (Op. 8, 1813).
- Franz Xaver Süßmayr, Concerto Movement in D-major, Dieter Klöcker, English Chamber Orchestra on Novalis 150 061 2
- Franz Xaver Süßmayr, Concerto Movement in D-major, Thea King, English Chamber Orchestra on Hyperion CDA66504
- Hausner, H.H. (1964). Franz Xaver Süßmayr. Vienna.
- Wlcek, W. (1978) . Franz Xaver Süßmayr als Kirchenkomponist (Dissertation ed.). Vienna.
- Wolff, C. (1991). Mozarts Requiem.
- Duda, E. (2000). Das musikalische Werk F. X. Süßmayrs.
- Freyhan, Michael: "Towards the Original Text of Mozart's Die Zauberflote" in The Journal of the American Musicological Society Summer 1986 #2, pp. 355–380
- Freyhan, Michael: "Rediscovery of the 18th Century Scores and Parts of 'Die Zauberflote' showing the Text Used at the Hamburg Premiere in 1793" in Mozart Jahrbuch 1997, pp. 109–149
- Lorenz, Michael: "Süßmayr und die Lichterputzer. Von gefundenen und erfundenen Quellen", in Mozart Jahrbuch 2006
- Franz Xaver Süßmayr, Der Spiegel von Arkadien (Vienna, 1794), edited by David J. Buch, Recent Researches in the Music of the Classical Era, vols. 93–94 (Middleton, Wis.: A-R Editions, 2014)