Franziskus von Sales Bauer

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Styles of
Franziskus von Sales Bauer
Frantisek Bauer Vilimek.jpg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Olomouc

Franziskus von Sales Bauer (January 26, 1841 – November 25, 1915) was an Austro-Hungarian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Brno (1882 - 1904) and later Archbishop of Olomouc from 1904 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1911. He was also deputy of Moravian Diet.


Coat of Arms of Cardinal Franziskus von Sales Bauer.

Born in Hrachovec, Moravia, Franziskus Bauer received the Sacrament of Confirmation in 1852, and studied at the seminary at the Faculty of Theology in Olomouc. He received the first tonsure and minor orders on December 14, 1859. Following his elevation to the subdiaconate (December 20, 1862) and the diaconate (February 28, 1863), Bauer was ordained to the priesthood on July 19, 1863, for the Archdiocese of Olomouc.

He then served as a cooperator, and later second chaplain in the parish of Wischau, for the archdiocese until February 1865, whence he began teaching at the Theological Faculty of Olomouc. Bauer finished his studies in 1869, obtaining his doctorate in theology on June 30 of that year. He became Dean of the Theological Faculty in 1869 as well. He became a professor at the University of Prague on September 19, 1873, and later the Rector of the Archiepiscopal Seminary of Prague in 1879.

On July 3, 1883, Bauer was appointed Bishop of Brno by Pope Leo XIII. He received his episcopal consecration on the following August 15 from Cardinal Archbishop Friedrich Egon von Fürstenberg of Olomouc, with Bishops Gustav von Belript-Tissac and Karol Prucha serving as co-consecrators. Bauer was later named Archbishop of Olomouc on May 10, 1904. In virtue of this position, he was also prince, duke of Hotzenplotz, counselor to the emperor, and senator.

Pope Pius X created him Cardinal Priest of S. Girolamo degli Schiavoni in the consistory of November 27, 1911. Although eligible, Bauer did not participate in the 1914 papal conclave due to ill health.

The Cardinal died in Olomouc, at age 74. He is buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Olomouc.

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Religious titles
Preceded by
Karel Nöttig
Bishop of Brno
Succeeded by
Pavel Huyn
Preceded by
Theodor Kohn
Archbishop of Olomouc
Succeeded by
Lev Skrbenský z Hříště