Frappuccino

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Frappuccino
Starbucks frappuccino.JPG
Type Blended coffee drink
Manufacturer Starbucks
Country of origin United States
Region of origin Massachusetts[1]
Introduced 1995
Color Various, generally brown or white
Related products Iced coffee, milkshake

Frappuccino is a frozen cappuccino.

History[edit]

Frappuccino is a portmanteau of "frappe", the New England name for a milkshake with ice cream, and cappuccino, an espresso coffee with frothed milk. The word was coined and trademarked in Boston, Massachusetts.[1][2] In the Boston area, a "frappe" (pronounced "frap" and spelled without the accent) is a thick milkshake with ice cream,[2] derived from the French word frappé.[3]

The original Frappuccino drink was developed, named, trademarked and sold by George Howell's Eastern Massachusetts coffee shop chain, The Coffee Connection and created by then employee, Andrew Frank.[2] When Starbucks purchased The Coffee Connection in 1994, they also gained the rights to use, make, market, and sell the Frappuccino drink.[2] The drink, with a different recipe, was introduced under the Starbucks name in 1995 and as of 2012, Starbucks had annual Frappuccino sales of over $2 billion.[2]

The recipe is derived from a fusion of various cold drinks, including the coffee frap (similar to iced coffee)[dubious ] and the frappe (blended ice cream, syrup, and milk), with the Italian cappuccino.[1][4][5][6] The recipe today consists of brewed coffee, ice, and other additives such as milk, sugar, flavored syrups, and whipped cream.[7]

Available versions[edit]

The following is a list of the typical versions available of each type of Frappuccino.

Decaffeinated[edit]

Upon consumer request, Starbucks baristas can create Frappuccinos with decaffeinated shots of espresso, rather than using caffeinated Frappuccino Roast instant coffee.[citation needed][8]

Crème[edit]

A coffee-free base was created to make a drink called a Frappuccino Blended Crème. Menu examples include the Mocha Crème, Caramel Crème, Vanilla Bean Crème, and Serious Strawberry Frappuccino. Any syrup or sauce can be used to make a custom Frappuccino Blended Crème. Crème Frappuccinos contain very little or no caffeine.

Non-dairy alternatives[edit]

Frappuccinos made with soy milk became available in stores in the United States and Canada in 2010.[9] In January 2011 Starbucks introduced this option to Australian stores, and the option has since been made available in other countries. Starbucks has since also introduced coconut and almond milk options.

Juice blends[edit]

In the summer of 2006, Starbucks introduced the Frappuccino Juice Blend, which were described as being "real fruit juices combined with Tazo Tea, blended with ice". Juice Blends were gradually discontinued throughout 2007 and 2008 and are no longer offered by Starbucks.[10]

Modifications[edit]

Frappuccinos may include additional ingredients, which can include espresso shots, flavored syrups, chocolate chips, and flavored powders. Consumers may also customize the consistency of Frappuccinos by ordering light or extra ice. Any Frappuccino can have additional syrups, shots of espresso, or various other modifications at a possible surcharge.

Bottled "Frappuccino"[edit]

A bottled Frappuccino is sold in retail stores and vending machines. The U.S. 9.5-oz. bottled version was originally manufactured in 1996 by PepsiCo in Springfield, Missouri, but has since then expanded and is also being produced in Ventura, California; Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania; and Cabool, Missouri. The Springfield plant produces 186 million glass bottles of Frappuccino annually.[11] In Europe this product is made by Arla Foods in Denmark. While bearing the Frappuccino trademark, these bottled versions bear no discernible resemblance to the product made in Starbucks stores; they are simply coffee, milk, sweetener, and sometimes, flavoring,[12] which can be confusing for customers.

North American Coffee Partnership[edit]

In 1994, PepsiCo and Starbucks formed an entity called the North American Coffee Partnership. The joint venture was created so that ready-to-drink products using the Starbucks name could be distributed using Pepsi's global network. The Frappuccino was the joint venture's first product.[11] Since 1996, the NACP has expanded to include a diverse portfolio of Starbucks branded coffee and energy drinks. The NACP has approximately 97% market share in RTD (ready-to-drink) coffee and has grown to more than a $1.5 billion retail business.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Machlin, Sherri (2011). American Food by the Decades. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood. p. 229. Retrieved 2016-08-07. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Nanos, Janelle (December 7, 2012). "The Story of the Frappuccino: How a chilly coffee drink became a billion dollar behemoth". Boston Magazine. Retrieved 2013-10-30. 
  3. ^ Online Etymology Dictionary - Frappe. Retrieved 2015-03-26.
  4. ^ Cotter, Colleen (2001). USA Phrasebook. Lonely Planet. p. 69. Retrieved 2016-08-07. 
  5. ^ Robinson, Melia. "New England phrases and slang". Tech Insider. Retrieved 2016-08-07. 
  6. ^ Zeppelin, Andra. "Starbucks celebrates Frappuccino's 20th birthday". Today Food. The Today Show. Retrieved 2016-08-07. 
  7. ^ "Calling All Coffee Connoisseurs: Learn About Frappe Coffee". The Spruce. Retrieved 2017-05-08. 
  8. ^ "Starbucks Drink Guide: Blended Coffee Frappuccinos". Delishably. Retrieved 2017-05-08. 
  9. ^ "Starbucks To Introduce Vegan Frappuccinos". Consumerist.com. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  10. ^ "Pom Juice Blend from 10 Starbucks Drinks and Flavors You Can't Get Anymore". The Daily Meal. Retrieved 2017-05-08. 
  11. ^ a b "For decades, Springfield has been uniquely linked to the Starbucks Frappuccino". Springfield News-Leader. Retrieved 2017-10-18. 
  12. ^ "Pepsi Product Information". vgiPepsi. Archived from the original on 2009-05-26. Retrieved 2009-07-09. 
  13. ^ "PepsiCo and Starbucks" (PDF). Starbucks.