Fraser Island is an uninhabited island in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada. It is located at the mouth of Hudson Bay off Nottingham Island's northwestern tip. The closest community is the Inuit hamlet of Cape Dorset, 120 km (75 mi) to the northeast on Baffin Island.
The island's habitat is characterized by tundra, inlets, coastal marine features, coastal cliffs, and rocky marine shores.
Fraser Island is a Canadian Important Bird Area (#NU024), as well as a Key Migratory Bird Terrestrial Habitat site (NU Site 46). Notable bird species include common eider as well as colonial waterbirds/seabirds.
In 1965, the previously unnamed island was named in honor of Robert James Fraser (1887–1965), first Dominion Hydrographer.