Fraser Valley Regional District
The Fraser Valley Regional District (FVRD) is a regional district in British Columbia, Canada. Its headquarters are located in the city of Chilliwack. The FVRD covers an area of 13,361.74 km² (5,159 sq mi). It was created by an amalgamation of the Fraser-Cheam Regional District and Central Fraser Valley Regional District and the portion of the Dewdney-Alouette Regional District from and including the District of Mission eastwards.
The FVRD incorporates roughly the eastern half of the Lower Mainland region of southwestern BC, and is bordered by Whatcom County, Washington to the south, Metro Vancouver to the west, and the Okanagan-Similkameen Regional District to the east. The northern border with the Squamish-Lillooet Regional District and the Thompson-Nicola Regional District falls just south of the towns of Skookumchuck Hot Springs and Lytton, respectively. It also includes unincorporated areas north of the City of Pitt Meadows which were formerly part of the Dewdney-Alouette Regional District but which were not transferred to the Greater Vancouver Regional District when it expanded to take in Pitt Meadows and Maple Ridge.
- 1 Population
- 2 Services
- 3 Political structure
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Electoral area, geography, and climate
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The FVRD has a total population of 277,593 people in six municipalities and 7 electoral areas. This was an eight percent increase from 257,031 in 2006. The following table breaks down each member municipality and electoral area according to population statistics from the 2006 and 2011 Canadian censuses.
|Area||Population (2006)||Population (2011)||Change (2006-2011)|
|City of Abbotsford||123,864||133,497||7.4%|
|City of Chilliwack||69,217||77,936||12.6%|
|District of Mission||34,505||36,426||5.6%|
|District of Hope||6,185||5,969||-3.5%|
|District of Kent||4,738||5,664||19.5%|
|Village of Harrison Hot Springs||1,573||1,468||-6.7%|
|Electoral Area "A"||478||442||-7.8%|
|Electoral Area "B"||796||721||-9.2%|
|Electoral Area "C"||952||973||2.2%|
|Electoral Area "D"||1,296||1,346||3.9%|
|Electoral Area "E"||3,481||3,358||-3.5%|
|Electoral Area "F"||1,339||1,303||-2.7%|
|Electoral Area "G"||1,914||1,764||-7.8%|
|Electoral Area "H"||394||N/A (dissolved)||N/A|
While the member municipalities provide for their own municipal services the FVRD acts as the local government for the electoral areas. As a local government or regional district it can provide such services as water piping, storm sewers, sanitary sewers, street lighting, waste management, fire protection, mosquito control, E911 service, emergency preparedness/recovery, cablevision, air quality monitoring, library funding, growth management, park maintenance, building inspections and bylaw enforcement, planning, development approvals etc. Each area does not necessarily receive all these services so each electoral area pays property taxes, through the provincial government, in accordance with the particular services they receive. The FVRD has opted to implement a regional growth strategy, as allowed by Section 25 of the BC Local Government Act.
The regional district is a federation of municipalities and electoral areas. Each municipality appoints councillors to the board of directors for the regional district in proportion to their relative population sizes and the electoral areas directly elect one director each.
Economically, the area has grown around resource extraction, specifically farming, logging and gravel mining. Much of the Fraser Valley's land base is within the Agricultural Land Reserve (ALR). The balance, not privately owned is in Crown Lands. Retirement and recreational services (like campgrounds, RV parks, boating, skiing etc.) have become increasingly important. However, most commercial and industrial activities are kept within the municipal boundaries and leaving the electoral areas for farming and rural residential uses.
According to the 2011 Census, 76.47% of Fraser Valley's population have English as mother tongue; Punjabi is the mother tongue of 10.02% of the population, followed by German (3.49%), Dutch (1.39%), French (1.07%), Korean (0.69%), Spanish (0.66%), Tagalog (0.35%), Chinese, n.o.s. (0.33%), and Vietnamese (0.30%).
Electoral area, geography, and climate
The areas in a regional district that are not incorporated are called ‘electoral areas’.
Electoral area "A"
Boston Bar and North Bend, with populations nearing 200 people each, are the two main small towns in this area. Other residents of this area live in small subdivisions (i.e. Canyon Alpine and Falls Creek) or Indian reserves which line the Fraser Canyon.
Electoral area "B"
Communities in this area are connected by three highways (Highway #1, #3, #5) which radiate out of the District of Hope. The communities of Dogwood Valley, Emory Creek, and Choate are just north of Hope and have a combined population of about 133 people. Sunshine Valley is a community on BC Highway 3 southeast of Hope with 164 people and was originally a Japanese internment camp named Tashme. Other communities in this area include Laidlaw, west of Hope, and Spuzzum, north of Yale.
Electoral area "C"
Communities in this area include Lake Errock with 368 people, Harrison Mills with 141 people, and the resort town of Hemlock Valley, with only 15 permanent residents (but several hundred hotel guests and condo residents during the ski season). There are vacation homes on islands in Harrison Lake.
Electoral area "D"
The population of this area lives in the unincorporated villages of Popkum and Bridal Falls. Combined they have a population of 972 people.
Electoral area "E"
The Chilliwack River runs east-west through this area. Most of the population live in the small area between the mountains and the river, which is generally divided into three areas: Slesse Park, Baker Trails and Bell Acres.
Electoral area "F"
The population here lives exclusively in the southern, lowland portion of this electoral area between Hatzic Lake the southeast end of Stave Lake, as everything north of Stave Lake is inaccessible or uninhabitable. The inhabited area can be broken into two sections: Miracle Valley, including an area known as McConnell Creek, and Hatzic Prairie, which includes the farming town of Durieu.
Electoral Area "G"
This small but populous (~2,000 pop.) Electoral Area lies mainly north of the Fraser River but also encompasses portions of Sumas Mountain to the south (formerly Electoral Area "H".) Area "G" borders the District of Mission to the west, Electoral Areas "F" and "C" to the North and East and the city of Abbostford to the south. It includes the communities of Hatzic Island, Dewdney, Nicomen Island, and Deroche. FVRD local services provided to Area “G” include the Dewdney and Deroche Community Water Systems, North Fraser Fire Protection, North Side Street Lighting and North Side Garbage. The FVRD has a sub-office in Deroche.
Farming (dairy, nursery and blue berries) and resource extraction (forestry and aggregate) along with recreation are the primary activities. Approximately one-quarter of the residents live on Hatzic Island with much of the Electoral Area's remaining population residing in more rural locations and on Leq’a:mel First Nation Reserve lands.
The Sasquatch Lions Club (member club of Lions Clubs International) is the predominate service organization found in Area "G" and the Deroche and District Community Association has been active since 1908.
Electoral area "H"
This area consisted of the majority of Sumas Mountain. Electoral area H was dissolved in 2008, with privately owned lands within the area being annexed into Abbotsford, and crown lands being reassigned to Electoral Area "G".
- 2006 Census of Population. 2.statcan.ca (8 March 2013). Retrieved on 2013-07-26.
- Census of Canada. 2.statcan.ca. Retrieved on 2013-07-26.
- Census Profile Fraser Valley, RD British Columbia http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CD&Code1=5909&Geo2=PR&Code2=01&Data=Count&SearchText=fraser%20valley&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=&TABID=1
- Community Profile: Fraser Valley Regional District, British Columbia; Statistics Canada
- "Fraser Valley Regional District". BC Geographical Names.