Frasers Group

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Frasers Group plc
Frasers Group
FormerlyMike Ashley Sports
(1982–1996)
Sports Soccer (1997–2003)
Sports World International (2003–2008)[1]
Sports Direct International
(2008–2019)[2]
TypePublic limited company
LSEFRAS
IndustryRetail, textile, sports equipment, footwear, cosmetics, electronics
Founded1982; 39 years ago (1982)
FounderMike Ashley
HeadquartersShirebrook, England[3]
Key people
David Daly (Chairman)
Mike Ashley (CEO)
Products
RevenueIncrease £3,957.4 million (2020)[4]
Increase £171.9 million (2020)[4]
Decrease £101.0 million (2020)[4]
OwnerMike Ashley (61.7%)
Number of employees
19,962 (2020)[4]
Subsidiaries
Websitefrasers.group

Frasers Group plc (formerly known as Sports Direct International plc) is a British retail and intellectual property group, named after its ownership of the department store chain House of Fraser. The company is best known for trading predominantly under the Sports Direct brand which operates both physical outlets and online.[5] Other retailers owned by the company include Jack Wills, GAME, Flannels, USC, Lillywhites and Evans Cycles. The company owns numerous intellectual property, including the brands Everlast, Lonsdale, Slazenger and No Fear.[6] The group also expanded into operating fitness clubs, launching the Everlast Fitness Club chain in 2020.[7]

Established in 1982 by Mike Ashley, the company is the United Kingdom's largest sports-goods retailer and operates roughly 670 stores worldwide.[8] The company's business model is one that operates under low margins.[9] Mike Ashley has continued to hold a majority stake in the business, and his holding has been 61.7 percent since October 2013.[10] It is listed on the London Stock Exchange and it is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The company was founded by Mike Ashley in 1982 as a single store in Maidenhead trading under the name of "Mike Ashley Sports".[11] In 1984, Preston Sports shop was opened in London and by 1992 the company had 12 stores.[11] 1995/96 saw the stores change to "Soccer Sports" along with the re-location of head office and warehouse to a 100,000 sq. foot unit in Dunstable.[11] The number of retail stores had now increased to 50, along with the acquisition of the tennis and golf brand, Donnay.[11] Ashley incorporated the business in 1999.[12]

By 2000, the business had 80 stores, and had formed a joint venture in Belgium, with 22 stores trading as Disport.[11] The Lillywhites chain of 10 stores and the Lonsdale brand were acquired in 2002 and by 2003, the number of retail stores had increased to 150.[11][12] In 2005 the company began a major rebrand of the stores, changing the fascias to Sports World.[11]

Going public[edit]

In late November 2006, a number of business newspapers reported that Ashley was looking at an IPO of Sports World International. He hired Merrill Lynch, who valued the group at up to £2.5bn ahead of a possible flotation on the London Stock Exchange.[13] The group debuted on the exchange on 27 February 2007.[14]

Corporate finance and mergers[edit]

In December 2006, it was revealed that Sports Direct had built up a 29.4% stake in Blacks Leisure Group, the owner of Millets.[15] In May 2007, it was also revealed that Ashley had held talks with John Hargreaves, founder of Matalan on both taking a 25% stake in the troubled retail business and installing mezzanine floors in larger Matalan stores, on which SportsDirect.com outlets could be operated.[16] In June 2007, the company acquired Everlast for £84 million.[17]

A Sports World store in Scunthorpe, North Lincolnshire, 2007

In July 2008, it was disclosed that Sports Direct also held a 12.3% holding in the John David Group, parent of JD Sports.[18] The stake is currently 11.9% of JD Sports as of November 2013. Sports Direct formerly held 5% of Amer Sports.[19] It was announced on 1 October 2012, that Sports Direct had purchased rival retailer JJB's brand name, website, 20 stores and all of their stock in a deal for approximately £24m. The deal saved around 550 jobs.[20][21][22][23]

In February 2013, after fashion retailer Republic went into administration, Sports Direct bought 116 Republic stores, the brand name and the company's head office from the administrator for an undisclosed sum.[24] In July 2013, more than 2,000 full-time staff were awarded around £70,000 each under the company's bonus share scheme.[25] On 13 January 2014, Sports Direct bought 4.6% of Debenhams shares. The stock market purchase of 56.8 million shares (worth around £46m) was made without the prior knowledge of the Debenhams board. Sports Direct stated at the time it intended to be a supportive share holder. The Debenhams board responded by stating they were open-minded with regard to exploring operational opportunities to improve its performance.[26][27] Sports Direct sold its shares on 16 January 2014, although they took out an option to buy further shares up to a total of 6.6%.[28]

In December 2016, Sports Direct agreed to sell the remaining international rights to its Dunlop brand to Sumitomo Rubber Industries for £112 million ($137.5 million).[29] Sumitomo already own the rights to the brand in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan. The sale is due to be completed by May 2017.[30] In July 2017, the company acquired a 26% stake in Game Digital.[31]

Employee conditions and legal breaches[edit]

From January 2013 to December 2014, 76 ambulances or paramedic cars were sent to the postcode for Sports Direct's distribution centre, according to a Freedom of Information request by the BBC. The ambulance service received three calls about women experiencing pregnancy difficulties, including one who gave birth in the site's toilets.[32]

A branch of Sports Direct in Bradford, 2009

In October 2015, the chief executive of Sports Direct, David Forsey, was charged with a criminal offence for consultation failures over USC staff who only had 15 minutes notice of redundancy.[33][34] In December 2015, an investigation by The Guardian found that the company fines staff for late clocking on, does not award overtime for late clocking off, relies on zero hour contracts, and regularly makes staff wait unpaid for a security check at the end of shifts. A union official suggested that these practices were illegal as they brought workers' earnings below the minimum wage. The company responded by saying there were unspecified inaccuracies in the reports.[35] A representative from the charity ShareAction claimed that workers are "jeopardising their health" for fear of being dismissed while another shareholder said the company's reputation as an employer was "atrocious".[36]

Late in December 2015 Sports Direct announced a 15 pence per hour increase for staff currently receiving less than minimum wage, taking them above minimum wage,[37] the annual cost of this was said in the announcement to be ~£10 Million (GBP); however it was immediately noted that £0.15p × 37.5 hours × 19,000 staff × 52 weeks = 5,557,500 (~£5.5 million), this and other factors resulted in many (including Unite) calling it a "PR Stunt".[38] Workers on zero-hours contracts are not included in the rise and neither are those already paid more than minimum wage (management/supervisors etc.) therefore the 19,000 staff above is actually substantially fewer.[39]

In August 2016, Sports Direct admitted breaking the law and will disburse unlawfully withheld wages totalling about £1m to the affected workers.[40][41] As of March 2017, some Sports Direct workers are yet to receive backpay for their time worked, because of a disagreement regarding how contracts changing between employment agencies should be handled.[42] In November 2016, six MPs from the Business and Skills Committee visited Sports Direct, and reported that while there, Sports Direct attempted to place them under surveillance.[43] In February 2017, it was reported that Sports Direct had failed to inform its workforce of a data breach of their personal information after an attacker gained access to its internal systems in September 2016. The Information Commissioner's Office stated it was aware of "an incident from 2016 involving Sports Direct" and would "be making enquiries."[44]

The company announced on 16 December 2019 that it would change its name from Sports Direct International plc to Frasers Group plc effective from 17 December 2019.[45]

Operations[edit]

The group has over 470 UK stores including the chains Sports Direct (Sports World prior to 2008), Lillywhites, House of Fraser, Flannels, Evans Cycles, Sofa.com, Field & Trek and USC. Sports Direct-branded stores exist under a franchising agreement in South Africa and the Middle East. In 2006 it overtook JJB Sports as the UK's largest sportswear retailer.[46]

Acquisitions[edit]

Dunlop[edit]

Sports Direct shop in 2011, at the former Lillywhite's site on the Headrow in Leeds

In February 2004, the company acquired Dunlop Slazenger for around £40 million, which included the Dunlop, Slazenger and Carlton brands.[47] This was followed by the acquisitions of outdoor gear manufacturer Karrimor in March for a reported £5 million.[48] In 2006 he acquired Kangol for an estimated £12 million.[49] Most of these brands were bought from distressed sellers. After looking at a takeover,[50] Sports Direct took a £9 million stake and signed a lucrative long-term deal in August 2005 with troubled brand Umbro,[51] which was subsequently sold to Nike.[52]

The brands themselves are an increasingly important part of the business, and Sports Direct made £10 million, from selling the intellectual-property rights to the Slazenger Golf brand to arch-rival JJB in 2005.[12]

In 2016, Sumitomo Rubber Industries, a global tyre, sports goods, and industrial rubber products manufacturing company based in Kobe, Japan, filed for regulatory approval before the Philippine Competition Commission in connection with its planned acquisition of Dunlop-related wholesale, manufacturing, and licensing business from Sports Direct.[53]

Sumitomo Rubber intended to acquire the entire issued share capital of Dunlop Brands Limited, Dunlop Slazenger 1902 Limited, and Dunlop Australia Limited, and the Dunlop-related business of Dunlop Sports Group Americas, Inc. which are subsidiaries of Sports Direct.[53]

The Philippine Competition Commission approved the regulatory filing for the said acquisition. The acquisition allowed Sumitomo Rubber to consolidate the Dunlop brand across various products including sports goods worldwide.[53]

Other acquisitions and closures[edit]

On 10 August 2018, the House of Fraser entered administration. Later that day, Sports Direct agreed to buy all House of Fraser UK stores, the House of Fraser brand, and all of the stock in the business for £90 million in cash. Prior to the company entering administration, Sports Direct's Mike Ashley held an 11% stake in the company.[54]

On 30 October 2018, Evans Cycles was purchased by Sports Direct in a pre-pack administration deal.[55]

In February 2019 the group acquired Sofa.com for a nominal sum.[56]

On 5 August 2019, Sports Direct purchased Jack Wills out of administration for £12.7 million after winning a competition against Edinburgh Woollen Mill.[57]

On 24 August 2020, it was announced that Frasers Group would buy "certain" assets from DW Sports Fitness for £37m, but would not be using the firm's brand name.[58] Also in August 2020, during the Covid-19 pandemic, Ashley threatened landlords with House of Fraser store closures.[59]

In December 2020, Debenhams announced it was going into liquidation, putting 12,000 jobs in 124 UK stores at risk unless the administrators could find buyers for all or parts of the business. Frasers Group was reported to be in talks to acquire Debenhams,[60][61][62] though it was later reported that Ashley was mainly interested in using empty Debenhams stores to expand his other chains, including House of Fraser, Sports Direct and Flannels; taking 'vacant possession' would avoid redundancy costs for existing staff.[63]

In January 2021, it was announced that the Jenners House of Fraser store in Edinburgh was closing for good and 200 jobs would be lost.[64]

In April 2021 the group announced it had doubled the hit it expects to take from the coronavirus pandemic to £200m.[65]

Brands[edit]

Retail outlet[edit]

Jenners, Edinburgh, one of the House of Fraser stores which did not reopen during the Covid-19 2021 pandemic.
Jenners, Edinburgh, one of the House of Fraser stores which did not reopen during the Covid-19 2021 pandemic.

Sells Sport/Exercise Products[edit]

Clothing and equipment[edit]

Former brands[edit]

Defunct and Inactive[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 27% share
  2. ^ partnership collaboration agreement
  3. ^ Austrian sports chain in a 51% stake was acquired for €40.5m (£34.6m) in May 2013[66]
  4. ^ Major Baltic sports retailer in which Sports Direct acquired a 60% stake in May 2013.[66]
  5. ^ High street and internet retailer created from the merger of Sports Soccer and Sports World, and progressively rebranded as SportsDirect.com since 2007 after the company's domain name but has now switch back to just ”SPORTS DIRECT”.[67] It is also the sponsor of St James' Park, home of Premier League football team Newcastle United, since 2009[68]
  6. ^ ⅓ share in holding company
  7. ^ (12.5%)[69]
  8. ^ Sold to SRI Sports Limited in 2016[70]
  9. ^ Sold to JJB Sports in December 2007[71]
  10. ^ Sold to Nike in 2007
  11. ^ Purchased by Gilesports and merged with SportsDirect.com
  12. ^ Merged with SportsDirect.com
  13. ^ Merged with SportsDirect.com
  14. ^ Merged with SportsDirect.com
  15. ^ Merged with Brand Max
  16. ^ Merged with Lovell Rackets
  17. ^ Merged with USC
  18. ^ Merged with Sweatshop
  19. ^ Merged with SportsDirect.com
  20. ^ Merged with SportsDirect.com
  21. ^ Merged with SportsDirect.com

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Frrasers Group plc". Companies House. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  3. ^ "SPORTS DIRECT INTERNATIONAL PLC - Overview (free company information from Companies House)". Companies House. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d "Annual Report 2020" (PDF). Frasers Group. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Mike Ashley's Frasers Group unveils £100m incentive for staff". www.retailgazette.co.uk. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  6. ^ "Frasers says it will strengthen its gym and fitness business Everlast with latest acquisition. - Retail Gazette". www.retailgazette.co.uk. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  7. ^ Lin, Binshan; Hastings, Deborah Ann; Martin, Christopher (November 1994). "Shoplifting in Retail Clothing Outlets". International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management. 22 (7): 24–29. doi:10.1108/09590559410069909. ISSN 0959-0552.
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  9. ^ Millar, Michael (12 September 2013). "How Sports Direct beat the opposition". BBC News. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
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  40. ^ Goodley, Simon (15 August 2016). "Sports Direct warehouse workers to receive back pay". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  41. ^ "Sports Direct 'to back-pay Derbyshire workers £1m'". BBC News. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  42. ^ Simon Goodley. "Sports Direct workers paid less than minimum wage yet to get back pay | Business". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
  43. ^ "Sports Direct 'bugged' our visit to Shirebrook warehouse, say MPs". British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  44. ^ Martin, Alexander J. (8 February 2017). "Sports Direct hacked last year, and still hasn't told its staff of data breach". The Register. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  45. ^ Elias Jahshan (25 November 2019). "Sports Direct will soon rebrand to Frasers Group". Retail Gazette. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
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  49. ^ Butler, Sarah (5 December 2006). "Sports World owner sees right fit for Kangol hats". The Times. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
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  52. ^ "US giant Nike buys the Umbro diamonds". The Scotsman. 24 October 2007. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  53. ^ a b c "Commission Decision No. 06-M-077/2016: Acquisition by Sumitomo Rubber Industries Ltd. of Shares in Dunlop Brands Limited, et al. and Assets Owned by Dunlop Sports Group Americas, Inc. - Philippine Competition Commission". phcc.gov.ph. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  54. ^ a b "House of Fraser bought by Mike Ashley's Sports Direct for £90m". The Guardian. 10 August 2018. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  55. ^ "Evans Cycles sold to Mike Ashley's Sports Direct as part of pre-pack administration". The Independent. 30 October 2018. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  56. ^ "Mike Ashley buys Sofa.com for "nominal sum"". Retail Gazette. 1 February 2019.
  57. ^ "Mike Ashley wins race to buy Jack Wills". BBC. 5 August 2019. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  58. ^ "Mike Ashley buys long-time rival's sports business". BBC News. 24 August 2020. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  59. ^ "House of Fraser owner threatens landlords with store closures over rent". The Guardian. 20 August 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  60. ^ Fildes, Nic (6 December 2020). "Mike Ashley makes eleventh-hour play for Debenhams". Financial Times. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
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  66. ^ a b Major European expansion for Sports Direct on Insider Media, 29 May 2013
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External links[edit]