|Silurian||Pridoli||no faunal stages defined||older|
|Subdivision of the Devonian system according to the ICS.|
The Frasnian is one of two faunal stages in the Late Devonian period. It lasted from 382.7 ± 1.6 million years ago to 372.2 ± 1.6 million years ago. It was preceded by the Givetian stage and followed by the Famennian stage.
Major reef-building was under way during the Frasnian stage, particularly in western Canada and Australia. On land, the first forests were taking shape. In North America, the Antler and Taconic orogenies peaked, which were contemporary with the Bretonic phase of the Variscan orogeny in Europe.
The Frasnian coincides with the second half of the "charcoal gap" in the fossil record, a time when atmospheric oxygen levels were below 13%, the minimum necessary to sustain wildfires.
North American subdivisions of the Frasnian include Senecan, Sonyea, Sonyean, and West Falls.
Name and definition
The Frasnian stage was proposed in 1879 by French geologist Jules Gosselet and was accepted for the lower stage of the Upper Devonian by the Subcommission on Devonian Stratigraphy in 1981. It is named after the village of Frasnes-lez-Couvin in Belgium.
- "International Chronostratigraphic Chart". International Commission on Stratigraphy. Retrieved 9 December 2012.
- McGhee, George R., Jr. (12 November 2013). When the Invasion of Land Failed: The Legacy of the Devonian Extinctions. Columbia University Press. pp. 110–11. ISBN 978-0-231-16057-5. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- Coen-Aubert, Marie; Boulvain, Frédéric (2006). "Frasnian". Geologica Belgica 9 (1-2): 19–25. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
- "Frasnian mudmounds from Belgium". University of Liège. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
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