Frasnian

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System/
Period
Series/
Epoch
Stage/
Age
Age (Ma)
Carboniferous Mississippian Tournaisian younger
Devonian Upper/
Late
Famennian 358.9 372.2
Frasnian 372.2 382.7
Middle Givetian 382.7 387.7
Eifelian 387.7 393.3
Lower/
Early
Emsian 393.3 407.6
Pragian 407.6 410.8
Lochkovian 410.8 419.2
Silurian Pridoli no faunal stages defined older
Subdivision of the Devonian system
according to the ICS, as of 2017.[1]

The Frasnian is one of two faunal stages in the Late Devonian period. It lasted from 382.7 million years ago to 372.2 million years ago. It was preceded by the Givetian stage and followed by the Famennian stage.

Major reef-building was under way during the Frasnian stage, particularly in western Canada and Australia. On land, the first forests were taking shape. In North America, the Antler and Taconic orogenies peaked, which were contemporary with the Bretonic phase of the Variscan orogeny in Europe.

The Frasnian coincides with the second half of the "charcoal gap" in the fossil record, a time when atmospheric oxygen levels were below 13%, the minimum necessary to sustain wildfires.[2]

North American subdivisions of the Frasnian include

Name and definition[edit]

The Frasnian stage was proposed in 1879 by French geologist Jules Gosselet and was accepted for the lower stage of the Upper Devonian by the Subcommission on Devonian Stratigraphy in 1981.[3] It is named after the village of Frasnes-lez-Couvin in Belgium.[4]

Paleontology[edit]

Amphibians[edit]

Amphibians of the Frasnian
Taxa Presence Location Description Images
Latvia

Fish[edit]

Cartilaginous fish[edit]

Cartilaginous fish of the Frasnian
Taxa Presence Location Description Images

Placoderms[edit]

Placoderms of the Frasnian
Taxa Presence Location Description Images
Gogo Reef Formation, Australia

Sarcopterygians[edit]

Tetrapodomorphs[edit]
Tetrapodomorphs of the Frasnian
Taxa Presence Location Description Images
Escuminac Formation, Quebec, Canada

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.stratigraphy.org/index.php/ics-chart-timescale
  2. ^ McGhee, George R., Jr. (12 November 2013). When the Invasion of Land Failed: The Legacy of the Devonian Extinctions. Columbia University Press. pp. 110–11. ISBN 978-0-231-16057-5. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  3. ^ Coen-Aubert, Marie; Boulvain, Frédéric (2006). "Frasnian". Geologica Belgica. 9 (1–2): 19–25. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
  4. ^ "Frasnian mudmounds from Belgium". University of Liège. Retrieved 2011-02-25.

Coordinates: 43°30′12″N 3°05′12″E / 43.5032°N 3.0868°E / 43.5032; 3.0868