Frazier–Lemke Farm Bankruptcy Act
|Other short titles|
|Long title||An Act to amend an Act entitled "An Act to establish a uniform system of bankruptcy throughout the United States", approved July 1, 1898, and Acts amendatory thereof and supplementary thereto.|
|Enacted by||the 73rd United States Congress|
|Effective||June 28, 1934|
|Public law||Pub.L. 73–486|
|Statutes at Large||48 Stat. 1289, Chapter 869|
|United States Supreme Court cases|
|Louisville Joint Stock Land Bank v. Radford|
The U.S. 73rd Congressional Senate bill S. 3580 was signed into law by the 32nd President of the United States Franklin Roosevelt.
Between 1933 and 1936, the US Congress in conjunction with US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, passed several economic programs with the goals of giving work (relief) to the unemployed, reforming business and financial practices, and causing economic recovery during the Great Depression.
Roosevelt was interested in farm issues and believed that general prosperity would not return until farming was prosperous. Many different programs were directed at farmers. The first 100 days of his presidency produced a federal program to raise farm incomes by raising the prices farmers received, which was achieved by reducing total farm output. The Agricultural Adjustment Act created the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) in May 1933 and reflected the demands of leaders of major farm organizations, especially the Farm Bureau and debates among Roosevelt's farm advisers such as Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace, Rexford Tugwell, Lewis C. Gray and George Peek.
Amendments to bankruptcy law
The Frazier–Lemke Farm Bankruptcy Act restricted the ability of banks to repossess farms, amended the previously-voluntary Section 75, and added subsection (s), which delayed foreclosure of a bankrupt farmer's property for five years during which the farmer made rental payments. The farmer could then buy back the property at its currently-appraised value over six years at 1% interest or remain in possession as a paying tenant.
The law was challenged by secured creditors, and by May 1935, the US Supreme Court reviewed the law in Louisville Joint Stock Land Bank v. Radford. The Act was ruled unconstitutional because it deprived secured creditors of their property rights, in violation of the Fifth Amendment.
Modification and renewal
Congress responded by enacting the revised Frazier–Lemke Act and naming it the "Farm Mortgage Moratorium Act" in 1935. The terms were modified to limit the moratorium to a three-year period. The revision also gave secured creditors the opportunity to force a public sale, but the farmer could redeem the sale by paying the same amount.
- 1933 Banking Act
- Chapter 12 of the Bankruptcy Code
- Dust bowl
- Federal Declaration of Taking Act of 1931
- Great Depression
- "Surviving the Dust Bowl". PBS. Retrieved 19 December 2008.
- Roosevelt, Franklin D. (30 June 1934). "Statement by the President Approving Amendments to Bankruptcy Law - June 30, 1934". Internet Archive. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service. p. 331–333.
- "S. 3580: Agricultural Compositions and Extensions" (PDF). Federal Reserve Archival System for Economic Research (FRASER). Retrieved 28 July 2013.
- "H.R. 5884: Provisions for the Relief of Debtors, Additional Jurisdiction, Corporate Reorganizations" (PDF). Federal Reserve Archival System for Economic Research (FRASER). Retrieved 28 July 2013.
- Collier on Bankruptcy, 8-1200, P 1 b.
- (no login required to see necessary information)"Frazier–Lemke Farm Bankruptcy Act: A Dictionary of American History". Blackwell Reference Online. Retrieved 19 December 2008.
- "Frazier–Lemke Farm Bankruptcy Act". US History Encyclopedia. Jeremy Bonner. Published on About.com.
- 295 U.S. 555 (1935)
- "Chapter 12: Bankruptcy Relief for Family Farmers". National Bankruptcy Review Commission. Retrieved 19 December 2008.
- Public Law 73-486, 73d Congress, S. 3580, An Act to amend an Act entitled "An Act to establish a uniform system of bankruptcy throughout the United States", approved July 1, 1898, and Acts amendatory thereof and supplementary thereto. Amending section 75, entitled "Agricultural Compositions and Extensions" [Frazier–Lemke Farm Bankruptcy Act of 1934]