Fred Biletnikoff

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Fred Biletnikoff
No. 14, 25
Position: Wide receiver
Personal information
Date of birth: (1943-02-23) February 23, 1943 (age 73)
Place of birth: Erie, Pennsylvania
Height: 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)
Weight: 190 lb (86 kg)
Career information
High school: Erie (PA) Technical Memorial
College: Florida State
NFL Draft: 1965 / Round: 3 / Pick: 39
Career history
As player:
As coach:
Career highlights and awards
Career NFL statistics
Receptions: 589
Receiving yards: 8,974
Receiving touchdowns: 76
Player stats at NFL.com
Career CFL statistics
Receptions: 38
Receiving yards: 470
Receiving touchdowns: 4

Frederick S. Biletnikoff (born February 23, 1943) is an American former gridiron football player and coach. He was a wide receiver for the Oakland Raiders in the American Football League (AFL) and National Football League (NFL) for fourteen seasons and later an assistant coach with the team. He retired as an NFL player after the 1978 season and then played one additional season in the Canadian Football League (CFL) for the Montreal Alouettes in 1980. While he lacked the breakaway speed for deep pass receptions, Biletnikoff was one of the most sure-handed and consistent receivers of his day. He was also known for running smooth, precise pass routes. He is a member of both the Pro Football Hall of Fame and College Football Hall of Fame.

Biletnikoff attended Florida State University, where he played college football for the Florida State Seminoles football team and earned consensus All-America honors after leading the country in receiving yards and receiving touchdowns as a senior. The Biletnikoff Award, given annually to the most outstanding receiver in NCAA Division I FBS, is named in his honor.

Through his AFL/NFL career, Biletnikoff recorded 589 receptions for 8,974 yards and 76 touchdowns, and had a league record 10 straight seasons of 40 or more receptions. He accomplished these numbers at a time when teams emphasized running over passing. With the Raiders, Biletnikoff played in the second AFL-NFL World Championship game—retroactively known as Super Bowl II—and in Super Bowl XI, in which he was named the game's MVP in a victory over the Minnesota Vikings. A four-time Pro Bowl selection, he also played two AFL All-Star games, three AFL title games, and two AFC championship games.

Early years[edit]

Born and raised in Erie, Pennsylvania,[1] Frederick Biletnikoff was the son of Russian emigrants who arrived in the U.S. during the Russian Civil War.[2] In Erie, Biletnikoff attended what was then Technical Memorial High School, now Central Tech, whose athletic field now bears his name. In high school, Biletnikoff excelled in football, basketball, baseball, and track.[3] He was a champion high jumper and earned All-City honors in basketball and baseball.[4] His younger brother, Bob, was a starting quarterback for the Miami Hurricanes in the mid-1960s.[5]

College[edit]

Turning down other notable offers, Biletnikoff chose to attend Florida State University in Tallahassee. He missed several games during his first varsity season in 1962 with a broken foot. He played on both sides of the ball his junior season, leading the team in receptions and interceptions. That year, he returned an interception 99 yards for a touchdown off a pass thrown by George Mira of the Miami Hurricanes, a record which stood until 1987, when Deion Sanders broke it by one yard.[6] As a senior in 1964, Biletnikoff led the nation in receiving yards, with 1,179, and receiving touchdowns, with 15, and finished second in receptions (70) and scoring (90).[7] One of his touchdowns came in the first quarter against the Florida Gators, which helped the Seminoles earn their first victory in the in-state rivalry, 16–7.[8] The Seminoles finished the year with a 36–19 victory over Oklahoma in the Gator Bowl, in which Biletnikoff set school records with 13 receptions for 194 yards and four touchdowns.[9] He was a consensus pick for the 1964 College Football All-America Team, receiving first-team honors from four official selectors: the Associated Press,[10] Central Press Association,[11] Football Writers Association of America,[12] and Newspaper Enterprise Association.[13] He was Florida State's first consensus All-American in football.[9] Biletnikoff compiled 100 receptions for 1,655 yards and 20 touchdowns in his career with the Seminoles, which at the time were all school records.[7]

Professional career[edit]

After graduating from FSU, he was selected by the Oakland Raiders in the second round of the 1965 AFL Draft, 11th overall and by the Detroit Lions in the third round of the 1965 NFL Draft, the 39th overall selection. Biletnikoff signed with the Raiders, where he played for fourteen seasons. With Oakland, he was nicknamed "Coyote", and "Doctor Zhivago" because of his Russian heritage.[14] In 1966, he caught his first touchdown pass, thrown by quarterback Tom Flores, who later became the Raiders' head coach the season after Biletnikoff was released by the team.[15]

Although he lacked the breakaway speed to be a deep threat, Biletnikoff's precise pass routes and sure hands made him one of the most consistent receivers of his day,[16] and a favorite target of Raiders quarterbacks Daryle Lamonica and Ken Stabler. "I like catching passes," he explained. "And I like playing outside. I would be lost if I were ever told to do anything on a football field except catch passes."[17] Through his career he recorded 589 receptions, and had a league record 10 straight seasons of 40 or more receptions from 1967 to 1976,[18] since surpassed by many players.

Biletnikoff popularized the use of Stickum,[19] an adhesive that many players applied to their hands to assist with catching and gripping the ball. He would apply the substance all over his body and uniform prior to a game, a practice that was later picked up by Raiders cornerback Lester Hayes after Biletnikoff introduced him to it.[20][21] The use of Stickum was banned by the NFL in 1981.[22]

In his rookie season, Biletnikoff played primarily on special teams. He did not see playing time on offense until the seventh game of the year, against the Boston Patriots, in which he caught seven passes for 118 yards.[23][24] His production increased significantly with Oakland's acquisition of quarterback Daryle Lamonica in 1967. That year, he caught 40 passes for 876 yards and five touchdowns and led the league with an average of 21.9 yards per reception. He was invited to play in the 1967 AFL All-Star Game.[25] In that year's AFL championship game, Biletnikoff had two receptions for 19 yards in the Raiders' 40–7 blow-out win over the Houston Oilers.[26] In Super Bowl II against the Green Bay Packers, he caught two passes for 10 yards as the Raiders were defeated 33–14.[27]

Biletnikoff recorded his first and only 1,000-yard receiving season in 1968, when he caught 61 passes for 1,037 yards and six touchdowns. The following season, in 1969 he caught a career-high 12 receiving touchdowns. He was an AFL All-Star for the second time and earned first-team All-AFL honors from the Associated Press, the Newspaper Enterprise Association, Pro Football Writers of America, The Sporting News, Pro Football Weekly, and the New York Daily News.[25] The AFL merged into the National Football League in 1970. In his first five seasons in the NFL, Biletnikoff was invited to four Pro Bowls.[28]

A highly productive receiver in the postseason, Biletnikoff left the NFL as the all-time leader in postseason receptions (70), receiving yards (1,167), and receiving touchdowns (10) accumulated over 19 postseason games.[23] He recorded over 100 receiving yards in a postseason five times.[25] In the 1968 American Football League playoffs, he had 14 receptions for 370 yards and four touchdowns through two games. In the 1976–77 NFL playoffs, Biletnikoff recorded 13 receptions for 216 yards and a touchdown. This included four catches for 79 yards to set up three Oakland scores in the Raiders' 32–14 victory in Super Bowl XI, for which he was named Super Bowl MVP.[29]

Biletnikoff was released by the Raiders prior to the 1979 season.[15] After a year off, he played one season in the Canadian Football League, with the Montreal Alouettes in 1980. In his lone CFL season, Biletnikoff caught 38 passes, second-most on the team, for 470 yards and four touchdowns.[30]

Coaching career and later life[edit]

Biletnikoff began his career in coaching soon after his retirement from playing. He served on the coaching staff of the Orange Glen High School (1982), Palomar College (1983), Diablo Valley College (1984), Oakland Invaders (1985), Arizona Wranglers (1986) and Calgary Stampeders (1987–88). In January 2007, Biletnikoff retired as the wide receivers coach for the Oakland Raiders, which had been his role for 18 seasons starting in 1989.[31]

In February 1999, Biletnikoff's daughter, Tracey, was found strangled to death at age 20 in Redwood City, California.[32] Tracey's boyfriend, Mohammed Haroon Ali, was convicted of first-degree murder in 2012 after admitting he strangled her with a T-shirt at a drug and alcohol treatment center during a fight over whether Ali had relapsed.[33] He was sentenced to 55 years to life imprisonment. Biletnikoff called Ali an "animal" after the sentencing, and said his hatred for him would never go away.[34] In 2015, Biletnikoff founded Tracey's Place of Hope in Loomis, California, a shelter for domestic violence victims and substance abuse treatment for females ages 14 to 18.[35][36]

Honors[edit]

Biletnikoff was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1988.[23] In 1999, Biletnikoff was ranked number 94 on The Sporting News' list of the "100 Greatest Football Players".[37] He was voted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1991. The Fred Biletnikoff Award, awarded annually by the Tallahassee Quarterback Club Foundation to the best wide receiver in NCAA Division I FBS since 1994, is named in his honor.[38] In 2016, Biletnikoff was named the Walter Camp Man of the Year by the Walter Camp Football Foundation in recognition of his public service and his contributions to football.[36]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fred Biletnikoff". Pennsylvania Center for the Book. Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  2. ^ Birchfield, Jeff (February 21, 2014). "At 70, Biletnikoff relishes his past". Johnson City Press. Retrieved December 5, 2016. 
  3. ^ Hoffman, Frank; Gerhard, Falk; Manning, Martin J. (2013). Football and American Identity. Routledge. p. 94. ISBN 1135427143. Retrieved December 5, 2016. 
  4. ^ Tafur, Vic (September 26, 2012). "Biletnikoff, honored at high school, praises Mark Davis". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved December 5, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Bob Biletnikoff Leads Florida's Back Selection". Ocala Star-Banner. Associated Press. November 10, 1964. p. 10. Retrieved December 1, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Record Books Rewritten As Florida State Rips TU". The Oklahoman. Associated Press. October 20, 1985. Retrieved December 5, 2016. 
  7. ^ a b "Fred Biletnikoff College Stats". Sports-Reference. Retrieved December 1, 2016. 
  8. ^ Martin, Buddy (November 22, 1964). "Eager FSU Bombs Gators". Ocala Star-Banner. AFN. p. 25. Retrieved December 1, 2016. 
  9. ^ a b Nohe, Patrik (July 19, 2013). "FSU All-Time Countdown - No. 14 - Fred Biletnikoff". Miami Herald. Retrieved December 1, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Butkus Again All-American". Eugene Register-Guard. December 4, 1964. p. 1B. Retrieved December 1, 2016. 
  11. ^ Johns, Walter (November 30, 1964). "Captains' All-America Honors 2 Irish Stars". Evening Independent. 
  12. ^ Gangi, Ted. "FWAA All-America" (PDF). Sportswriters.net. Archived from the original on January 17, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Tide's Wayne Freeman Wins All-America Honors". The Tuscaloosa News. November 17, 1964. p. 9. Retrieved December 1, 2016. 
  14. ^ Toomay, Pat. "Part 2: The wild and the innocent". ESPN. Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  15. ^ a b "Raiders waive Biletnikoff". Lawrence Journal-World. Associated Press. June 12, 1979. p. 13. Retrieved December 1, 2016. 
  16. ^ Smith, Don (1996). "Fred Biletnikoff: "I like catching passes."" (PDF). The Coffin Corner. 18 (5). Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  17. ^ "(Not So) Fast Freddy". Pro Football Hall of Fame. February 23, 2010. Retrieved November 21, 2016. 
  18. ^ "Raiders in the Hall of Fame - Fred Biletnikoff". Oakland Raiders. Retrieved December 1, 2016. 
  19. ^ Plaschke, Bill (January 14, 2001). "Stickum Up!". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 3, 2016. 
  20. ^ "Stickum: They Both Use It". Reading Eagle. Associated Press. December 26, 1974. p. 44. Retrieved December 4, 2016. 
  21. ^ Kaplan, Emily (July 14, 2015). "History of the NFL in 95 Objects: Stickum". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved December 4, 2016. 
  22. ^ Chadiha, Jeffri (August 9, 2007). "Notorious image sticks with these Raiders". ESPN. Retrieved December 4, 2016. 
  23. ^ a b c Miller, Rusty (February 2, 1988). "Ditka, trio 1988 picks for Hall". Kentucky New Era. Associated Press. p. 2B. Retrieved December 5, 2016. 
  24. ^ "Boston Patriots at Oakland Raiders - October 24th, 1965". Pro-Football-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 5, 2016. 
  25. ^ a b c "Fred Biletnikoff Stats". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 2, 2016. 
  26. ^ Bock, Hal (January 1, 1968). "Oakland romps past Houston, 40-7; meets Packers in Super Bowl Jan. 14". Youngstown Vindicator. Associated Press. p. 55. Retrieved December 1, 2016. 
  27. ^ "Super Bowl II - Oakland Raiders vs. Green Bay Packers - January 14th, 1968". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 2, 2016. 
  28. ^ Rollow, Cooper (July 28, 1988). "Catching On To Fame". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  29. ^ "Fred Biletnikoff Bio". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  30. ^ "Fred Biletnikoff". CFLapedia. Retrieved November 14, 2016. 
  31. ^ Dubow, Josh (January 31, 2007). "Hall of Famer Biletnikoff Retires". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved December 5, 2016. 
  32. ^ Lynem, Julie; Finz, Stacy; Wilson, Marshall (February 17, 1999). "Ex-Raider's Daughter Slain / Boyfriend of Tracey Biletnikoff arrested at Mexico border". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved December 5, 2016. 
  33. ^ "Man guilty of killing Tracey Biletnikoff". ESPN. Associated Press. March 15, 2012. Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  34. ^ "Killer of ex-Raider Fred Biletnikoff's daughter sentenced". NFL.com. Associated Press. June 16, 2012. Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  35. ^ "A Legend and his Daughter's Legacy". Sports Illustrated. February 24, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  36. ^ a b Morelli, Joe (January 10, 2016). "Fred Biletnikoff proud to be receiving Walter Camp Man of Year honor". New Haven Register. Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  37. ^ "Sporting News Top 100 Football Players". Democrat and Chronicle. August 15, 1999. p. 3D. Retrieved November 21, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  38. ^ Pino, Mark (April 17, 1994). "A Raiders move would hurt Bucs". Ocala Star-Banner. p. 1C. Retrieved December 5, 2016. 

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