Fred Haise

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Fred W. Haise Jr.
Fred Haise.jpg
Haise in 1969
Fred Wallace Haise Jr.

(1933-11-14) November 14, 1933 (age 88)
Alma materPerkinston Junior College (AA, 1952)
University of Oklahoma (BS, 1959)
AwardsPresidential Medal of Freedom NASA Distinguished Service Medal.jpg
Space career
NASA Astronaut
RankUS Air Force O3 shoulderboard rotated.svg Captain,
 United States Air Force (1957–1963)
Time in space
5d 22h 54m
Selection1966 NASA Group 5
MissionsApollo 13, ALT
Mission insignia
Apollo 13-insignia.pngEnterprise 1977 Approach and Landing Test mission patch.png
RetirementJune 29, 1979

Fred Wallace Haise Jr. (/hz/ HAYZ;[1] born November 14, 1933) is an American former NASA astronaut, engineer, fighter pilot with the U.S. Marine Corps and U.S. Air Force, and a test pilot. He is one of only 24 people to have flown to the Moon, having flown as Lunar Module Pilot on Apollo 13. He was to have been the sixth person to walk on the Moon, but the Apollo 13 landing mission was aborted en route.

Haise went on to fly five Space Shuttle Approach and Landing Tests in 1977,[2] and retired from NASA in 1979.[3]

Early life, education and flight experience[edit]

Haise in 1966

Born on November 14, 1933, and raised in Biloxi, Mississippi, to Fred Wallace Haise Sr. (1903–1960) and Lucille (née Blacksher) Haise (1913–2005).[4] He attended Biloxi High School, from which he graduated in 1950, and Perkinston Junior College (now Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College), with original aims of a career in journalism, receiving an Associate of Arts degree in 1952.[5] He was a Boy Scout, earning the rank of Star Scout.[6] Eligible for the draft and despite being apprehensive of flying, he joined the Naval Aviation Cadet (NAVCAD) training program. Haise underwent Naval Aviator training from 1952 to 1954. He served as a U.S. Marine Corps fighter pilot, with VMF-533, then VMF-114 on the F2H-4 Banshee and F9F-8 Cougar at MCAS Cherry Point, North Carolina, from March 1954 to September 1956. Haise also served as a tactics and all-weather flight instructor in the U.S. Navy Advanced Training Command at NAS Kingsville, Texas.[3]

Haise has accumulated 9,300 hours flying time, including 6,200 hours in jets.[3]

After his military service, Haise returned to school and graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree with honors in aeronautical engineering from the University of Oklahoma in 1959, concurrently serving for two years in the Oklahoma Air National Guard, as a fighter interceptor pilot with the 185th Fighter Interceptor Squadron,[5] flying the F-86D. He then worked for the newly created National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), first as a research pilot at the Lewis Research Center near Cleveland. His Air National Guard unit was called up during the Berlin Crisis of 1961 and he served ten months as a fighter pilot in the United States Air Force.[7] He was a tactical fighter pilot and chief of the 164th Standardization-Evaluation Flight of the 164th Tactical Fighter Squadron at Mansfield Lahm Air National Guard Base, Ohio, [3] flying the F-84F.

Haise completed post-graduate courses at the U.S. Air Force Aerospace Research Pilot School (Class 64A) at Edwards Air Force Base, California in 1964, and attended the six-week Harvard Business School's Advanced Management Program in 1972.[3]

NASA career[edit]

Haise practicing lunar EVA

In 1966, Haise was one of 19 new astronauts selected for NASA Astronaut Group 5.[8] He had already been working with NASA for several years as a civilian research pilot. He was the first astronaut among his class to be assigned to a mission, serving as backup Lunar Module Pilot for both Apollo 8 and Apollo 11.[3]

Apollo 13[edit]

Haise suiting up for the Apollo 13 mission, April 11, 1970

"It only seems interesting to the public if it's the first exploration of another planetary body, or if you're having a problem."

Fred Haise[9]

Haise flew as the Lunar Module Pilot on the aborted Apollo 13 lunar mission in 1970.[10] Due to the distance between the Earth and Moon during the mission, Haise, Jim Lovell, and Jack Swigert hold the record for the farthest distance from the Earth ever traveled by human beings.[11][12] During this flight Haise developed a urinary tract infection and later kidney infections. These caused him to be in pain for most of the trip.[13]

Haise was slated to become the sixth human to walk on the Moon during Apollo 13 behind Lovell, who was to be fifth.[14] Alan Shepard and Edgar Mitchell eventually became the fifth and sixth, respectively, on Apollo 14, which completed Apollo 13's mission to the Fra Mauro formation.[15]

Haise remained in the astronaut rotation and served as the backup mission Commander for Apollo 16. Though there was no formal selection, Haise was prospectively slated to command Apollo 19 with William R. Pogue as Command Module Pilot and Gerald P. Carr as Lunar Module Pilot. However, the mission was canceled in late 1970 due to budget cuts.[16]

Space Shuttle approach and landing tests[edit]

Haise in front of the Space Shuttle Enterprise in 1976

After completing his backup assignment on Apollo 16, Haise moved to the Space Shuttle program. In 1977, he participated in the program's Approach and Landing Tests (ALT) at Edwards Air Force Base.[2][17][18] Along with C. Gordon Fullerton as Pilot, Haise as Commander piloted the Space Shuttle Enterprise in free flight to three successful landings after being released from the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft.[19][20][21] The tests successfully verified the shuttle's flight characteristics, an important step toward the overall success of the program.[3]

Haise was assigned to command STS-2A, with Jack R. Lousma as Pilot, the second Space Shuttle mission, which would have delivered the Teleoperator Retrieval System that would have boosted Skylab to a higher orbit, preserving it for future use. Delays in the Shuttle program development as well as an unexpected increase in Skylab's orbital decay led to the mission being canceled. Skylab was destroyed upon entering the Earth's atmosphere in July 1979, while the Space Shuttle did not launch until April 1981.[22]

In June 1979, Haise left NASA to become a test pilot and executive with Grumman Aerospace Corporation, where he remained until retiring in 1996.[23] He was the only one of the four astronauts who conducted the Enterprise landing tests not to fly in space on the Shuttle.

Personal life[edit]

Haise has four children with his first wife Mary Griffin Grant, whom he married in 1954 and divorced in 1978:[3] Mary (b. 1956), Frederick (b. 1958), Stephen (b. 1961), and Thomas (b. 1970). He married Frances Patt Price, in 1979.[24] On February 7, 2022, Frances died.[25]

On August 22, 1973, Haise was piloting a Convair BT-13 belonging to the Commemorative Air Force that had been converted to look like an Aichi D3A "Val" torpedo bomber for the 1970 film Tora! Tora! Tora!. While attempting a landing go around at Scholes Field in Galveston, Texas, an undetermined power plant failure led to a crash landing. Haise suffered second‐degree burns over 50 percent of his body in the post crash fire.[26][27][28]


Haise is a fellow of the American Astronautical Society (AAS) and the Society of Experimental Test Pilots (SETP); member, Tau Beta Pi, Sigma Gamma Tau, and Phi Theta Kappa; and honorary member, National WWII Glider Pilots Association.[3]

Awards and honors[edit]

Haise in 2015

Haise's other awards include the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Haley Astronautics Award for 1971;[29][30] the American Astronautical Society Flight Achievement Awards for 1970 and 1977; the City of New York Gold Medal in 1970;[31] the City of Houston Medal for Valor in 1970;[32] the Jeff Davis Award (1970);[3] the Mississippi Distinguished Civilian Service Medal (1970);[3] the American Defense Ribbon;[3] the SETP's Ray E. Tenhoff Award for 1966;[3] the A. B. Honts Trophy as the outstanding graduate of Class 64A from the Aerospace Research Pilot School in 1964;[3] an honorary doctor of science degree from Western Michigan University (1970);[33] the JSC Special Achievement Award (1978);[3] the Soaring Society of America's Certificate of Achievement Award (1978); the General Thomas D. White USAF Space Trophy for 1977;[34][35] the SETP's Iven C. Kincheloe Award (1978);[36] and the Air Force Association's David C. Schilling Award (1978).[3]

He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom,[37] NASA Distinguished Service Medal,[38] and NASA Exceptional Service Medal.[3]

He was inducted into the International Space Hall of Fame in 1983 and the Aerospace Walk of Honor in 1995.[9][39] He was also one of 24 Apollo astronauts inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame on October 4, 1997.[40][41]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Say How? A Pronunciation Guide to Names of Public Figures". National Library Service for the Blind and Print Disabled. Library of Congress. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Fred Haise to lead '77 space shuttle test". Eugene Register-Guard. UPI. February 25, 1976. p. 5A – via Google News.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Astronaut Bio: Fred Haise" (PDF). NASA. January 1996. Retrieved March 12, 2021.
  4. ^ HAISE, JR., FRED WALLACE (1933– ).
  5. ^ a b "There was time planes worried astronaut Haise". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Associated Press. April 7, 1970. p. 12A – via Google News.
  6. ^ "Scouting and Space Exploration". Boy Scouts of America. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
  7. ^ "Fred W. Haise". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. April 12, 1970. p. 5A – via Google News.
  8. ^ Thompson, Ronald (April 5, 1966). "19 New Spacemen Are Named". The High Point Enterprise. High Point, North Carolina. p. 2A – via
  9. ^ a b "Fred W. Haise Jr. - New Mexico Museum of Space History". New Mexico Museum of Space History. Archived from the original on November 6, 2020. Retrieved April 5, 2021.
  10. ^ "Apollo 13 Crew". Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  11. ^ Adamo 2009, p. 37.
  12. ^ Glenday 2010, p. 13.
  13. ^ Howell, Elizabeth (March 20, 2013). "Astronaut Fred Haise: Apollo 13 Crewmember". Retrieved February 22, 2016.
  14. ^ Evans, Ben (April 22, 2018). "Sampling the Moon: Remembering the Lost Moonwalks of Apollo 13 (Part 2)". AmericaSpace. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  15. ^ "Apollo 14 Lunar Module /ALSEP". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  16. ^ "Apollo 18 through 20 – The Cancelled Missions". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  17. ^ "Space flight milestone to be reached in July". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. (Washington Post / L.A. Times). April 11, 1977. p. 13A – via Google News.
  18. ^ "Shuttle's maiden solo flight Friday". Beaver County Times. UPI. August 11, 1977. p. A2 – via Google News.
  19. ^ "Space Shuttle solo is soaring success". Milwaukee Sentinel. (Los Angeles Times). August 13, 1977. p. 3, part 1 – via Google News.
  20. ^ "Test bumpy, but shuttle lands safely". Free Lance-Star. Fredericksburg, Virginia. Associated Press. October 27, 1977. p. 15 – via Google News.
  21. ^ "Space shuttle landing rough". Lodi News-Sentinel. UPI. October 27, 1977. p. 22 – via Google News.
  22. ^ Evans, Ben (March 11, 2018). "'To Fly the First One': 40 Years Since the First Space Shuttle Crews". AmericaSpace. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  23. ^ McGee, Chris (December 2, 2009). "NASA Honors Biloxi's Apollo Astronaut Fred Haise with Moon Rock". NASA. CLT-09-201. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  24. ^ Wilson, Linda D. "Haise, Jr., Fred Wallace". The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  25. ^ "Frances Patt Haise Obituary". Echovita. Retrieved February 13, 2022.
  26. ^ "NTSB Accident Report FTW74FRA11, Convair BT-13A, N2200S". National Transportation Safety Board. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  27. ^ "Former Astronaut injured In Crash of Vintage Plane". The New York Times. August 23, 1973. p. 11.
  28. ^ Slayton & Cassutt 1994, p. 20.
  29. ^ "Astronauts to Get Top Award at Arizona Conference". Tucson Daily Citizen. Tucson, Arizona. UPI. March 5, 1971. p. 31 – via
  30. ^ Thomis, Wayne (March 7, 1971). "Plane Talk". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois. pp. 3–21 – via
  31. ^ Sauro, William E. (June 4, 1970). "Mayor Honors Apollo 13 Crew at Lincoln Center". The New York Times. p. 27.
  32. ^ "Space City Cover Society Plans Medal for Astronauts". Clarion-Ledger. Jackson, Mississippi. May 5, 1970. p. 7 – via
  33. ^ "Apollo 13 Astronauts Made Honorary WMU Alums". ScholarWorks at WMU. Western Michigan University. September 1970. Retrieved September 12, 2019.
  34. ^ "The Gen. Thomas D. White USAF Space Trophy" (PDF). AIR FORCE Magazine. USAF. May 1997. p. 156. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 6, 2022.
  35. ^ "Apollo 8 Crew Honored". Valley Times. North Hollywood, California. UPI. April 3, 1969. p. 2 – via
  36. ^ "Iven C. Kincheloe Recipients". The Society of Experimental Test Pilots. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  37. ^ "Heroes of Apollo 13 Welcomed by President and Loved Ones". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Associated Press. April 19, 1970. p. 1 – via
  38. ^ "Agnew Confers Awards on Crews of 3 Apollos". Arizona Republic. Phoenix, Arizona. Associated Press. November 14, 1970. p. 23 – via
  39. ^ Sheppard, David (October 2, 1983). "Space Hall Inducts 14 Apollo Program Astronauts". El Paso Times. El Paso, Texas. p. 18 – via
  40. ^ "Fred Haise inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame". Astronaut Scholarship Foundation. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  41. ^ Meyer, Marilyn (October 2, 1997). "Ceremony to Honor Astronauts". Florida Today. Cocoa, Florida. p. 2B – via


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