Fred Katz (cellist)
Frederick Katz (February 25, 1919 – September 7, 2013) was an American cellist and composer. He was among the earliest jazz musicians to establish the cello as a viable improvising solo instrument. Katz has been described in CODA magazine as "the first real jazz cellist." Cellist Fred Lonberg-Holm (b. 1962), who recorded a 2002 tribute album to the older musician (A Valentine For Fred Katz, Atavistic Records), praises Katz for introducing his instrument to jazz: "[Katz] managed to find a way to make it swing."
Born in the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn, New York City, Katz was classically trained. He studied under Pablo Casals and performed with several symphony orchestras. He was a member of the National Symphony Orchestra. He was a child prodigy on both the cello and piano and performed in public as a teenager, and was drawn to the music of Manhattan nightclubs and to folk music. In his youth Katz was a Communist.
Katz is best known as a member of drummer Chico Hamilton's quintet, one of the most important West Coast jazz groups of the 1950s. Katz's arco cello defined the "chamber jazz" focus of Chico Hamilton's Quintet and the group quickly gained popularity. The Chico Hamilton Quintet, including Katz, appeared in the film noir The Sweet Smell of Success (1957), starring Burt Lancaster and Tony Curtis, where Katz was described in passing as the Quintet's primary composer. Katz and Hamilton wrote a score for the film which was ultimately rejected in favor of one by Elmer Bernstein.
Katz also recorded several albums as a leader. Another high point in Katz's career was writing and conducting the arrangements for singer Carmen McRae's album Carmen For Cool Ones, which was released in 1958.
One of his most recognizable pieces of music was his score for the film A Bucket of Blood (1959), directed by Roger Corman, as the music appeared in a total of seven Corman films, including The Wasp Woman (1959) and Creature from the Haunted Sea (1961). According to Mark Thomas McGee, author of Roger Corman: The Best of the Cheap Acts, each time Katz was called upon to write music for Corman, Katz sold the same score as if it were new music. Katz explained that his music for Corman's The Little Shop of Horrors was created by a music editor piecing together selections from other soundtracks that he had produced for Corman.
Later in his career, Katz became a professor of ethnic music in the Anthropology Department at California State University, Fullerton and California State University, Northridge, where he taught world music, anthropology and religion for over 30 years. He was a longtime Fullerton resident. One of his students was John Densmore, drummer of The Doors.
- Zen: The Music of Fred Katz (Pacific Jazz, 1956)
- Soul° Cello (Decca, 1958)
- 4-5-6 Trio (Decca, 1958)
- Folk Songs for Far Out Folk (Warner Bros., 1958)
- Fred Katz and his Jammers (Decca, 1959)
- Never Alone (1958) – documentary
- T Is for Tumbleweed (1958) – short film
- A Bucket of Blood (1959)
- The Wasp Woman (1959)
- Ski Troop Attack (1960)
- Battle of Blood Island (1960)
- The Little Shop of Horrors (1960)
- Rebel in Paradise (1960) – documentary
- Johnny Staccato (1960) – appeared in final episode
- Creature from the Haunted Sea (1961)
- The Puppet’s Dream (1961) – animated short
- Checkmate (1961) – composed 1 episode
- The Horizontal Lieutenant (1962)
- Leaf (1962) – short film
- College (1962) – short film
- The Sorcerer (1963) – animated short
- Quest for Freedom (1966) – short film
- The Birth of Aphrodite (1971) – short film
- The Life of Gauguin
With Dorothy Ashby
- The Rubaiyat of Dorothy Ashby (Cadet, 1970)
With Chico Hamilton
- Chico Hamilton Quintet featuring Buddy Collette (Pacific Jazz, 1955)
- The Original Chico Hamilton Quintet (World Pacific, 1955 )
- Chico Hamilton Quintet in Hi Fi (Pacific Jazz, 1956)
- Chico Hamilton Quintet (Pacific Jazz, 1957)
- Sweet Smell of Success (Decca, 1957)
- South Pacific in Hi-Fi (World Pacific, 1958)
- The Chico Hamilton Quintet with Strings Attached (Warner Bros., 1958) – arranger and conductor
- Gongs East! (Warner Bros., 1958) – arranger
- Ellington Suite (World Pacific, 1959)
With Paul Horn
With Carmen McRae
- Carmen for Cool Ones (Decca, 1958)
With Ken Nordine
With Pete Rugolo
- Behind Brigitte Bardot (Warner Bros., 1960)
With Various Artists
- Jazz Canto Vol. I: An Anthology of Poetry and Jazz (World Pacific, 1958)
- Barton, Chris (2013-09-09). "Jazz cellist and educator Fred Katz dies at 94". latimes.com. Retrieved 2013-09-10.
- Shepherd, John (2003) Continuum encyclopedia of popular music of the world, Volume II, Continuum International Publishing Group, ISBN 0-8264-6322-3, page 413.
- "Coda Magazine – Google Boeken". Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-09-10.
- Kalish, Jon. (2007) The 'Far Out' Music of Fred Katz, from NPR Music.
- Fox, Margalit (September 12, 2013). "Fred Katz, Who Married Cello to Jazz, Dies at 94". The New York Times.
- Doc Rock. "July to December". The Dead Rock Stars Club. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
- Scott Yanow. "Fred Katz | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
- Yanow, Scott. "Chico Hamilton: Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-03-17.
- Weber M., The CODA Interview with Fred Katz, CODA The Jazz Magazine, Issue 176 (1980)
- Butler, David. (2002) Jazz Noir: listening to music from Phantom Lady to The Last Seduction. Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 0-275-97301-8, p. 136
- Gilbert, Andrew (October 22, 2011). "Jazz Departments: Fred Katz: Freak Folk – By Andrew Gilbert — Jazz Articles". JazzTimes. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
- Ken Dryden (December 5, 1957). "Carmen for Cool Ones – Carmen McRae | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
- "Fred Katz filmography". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2007-10-13.
- Ray, Fred Olen (1991). The New Poverty Row: Independent Filmmakers As Distributors. McFarland & Company. p. 40. ISBN 0-89950-628-3.
- Larson, R. D., A talk with Fred Katz by Randall D. Larson, Originally published in CinemaScore #11/12, 1983
- "Fred Katz". Allaboutjazz.com. Archived from the original on November 9, 2011. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
- "Riders on the Storm: My Life with Jim Morrison and the Doors – John Densmore – Google Books". Books.google.com. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
- Fred Katz Catalog, accessed August 14, 2015
- McCarthy, Clifford (1985). Film Composers in America: A Filmography, 1911–1970. Oxford University Press. p. 155. ISBN 0-195-11473-6.