Fred McLafferty

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Fred W. McLafferty
Born (1923-05-11) May 11, 1923 (age 94)
Evanston, Illinois
Residence United States
Nationality United States
Fields Chemist
Institutions Purdue University
Cornell University
Alma mater University of Nebraska
Cornell University
Known for Mass Spectrometry
Notable awards

ACS Award in Chemical Instrumentation (1972 )
Fisher Award (1981)

Member of the National Academy of Sciences (1982 )
ACS Nichols Gold Medal (1984 )
Oesper Award (1985 )
Sir J.J. Thomson Gold Medal (1985 )
Field and Franklin Award (1989)
ASMS Distinguished Contribution in Mass Spectrometry Award (2003)
Lavoisier Medal (2004)[1]
External video
“A Conversation with Fred W. McLafferty”, Cornell University, 2006, 90 minute video

Fred Warren McLafferty is an American chemist known for his work in mass spectrometry. He is best known for the McLafferty rearrangement reaction that was observed with mass spectrometry.[2] WIth Roland Gohlke, he pioneered the technique of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.[3] He is also known for electron capture dissociation, a method of fragmenting gas phase ions.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Fred McLafferty was born in Evanston, Illinois in 1923, but attended grade school in Omaha, Nebraska, graduating from Omaha North High School in 1940.[5] The urgent requirements of World War II accelerated his undergraduate studies at the University of Nebraska; he obtained his B.S. degree in 1943 and thereafter entered the US armed forces. He served in western Europe during the invasion of Germany and was awarded the Combat Infantryman Badge, a Purple Heart, Five Bronze Star Medals and a Presidential Unit Citation.[6]

He returned to the University of Nebraska in late 1945 and completed his M.S. degree in 1947. He went on to work under William Miller at Cornell University where he earned his Ph.D. in 1950. He went on to a postdoctoral researcher position at the University of Iowa with R.L. Shriner.[7]

Dow Chemical[edit]

He took a position at Dow Chemical in Midland, Michigan in 1950 and was in charge of mass spectrometry and gas chromatography from 1950 to 1956. In 1956, he became the Director of Dow’s Eastern Research Lab in Framingham, Massachusetts. During this time, he developed the first GC/MS instruments[3] and developed techniques for determining the structure of organic molecules by mass spectrometry, most notably in the discovery of what is now known as the McLafferty rearrangement.[8]

Academic career[edit]

From 1964 to 1968, he was Professor of Chemistry at Purdue University. In 1968, he returned to his alma mater, Cornell University, to become the Peter J. W. Debye Professor of Chemistry. He was elected to the United States National Academy of Sciences in 1982. While at Cornell, McLafferty assembled one of the first comprehensive data bases of mass spectra[9] and pioneered artificial intelligence techniques to interpret GC/MS results.[10] His PBM[11] STIRS program has widespread use to save hours of time consuming work otherwise required to manually analyze GC/MS results.

Honors and awards[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Seven Cornellians receive prestigious national and international honors". Cornell Chronicle. December 3, 2004. Retrieved 2014-08-28. 
  2. ^ F. W. McLafferty (1959). "Mass Spectrometric Analysis. Molecular Rearrangements". Analytical Chemistry. 31 (1): 82–87. doi:10.1021/ac60145a015. 
  3. ^ a b Gohlke, R. S.; McLafferty, F. W., Early gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 1993, 4, (5), 367-371.
  4. ^ Zubarev, R. A.; Kelleher, N. L.; McLafferty, F. W. (1998). "Electron Capture Dissociation of Multiply Charged Protein Cations - a Nonergodic Process". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 120 (13): 3265–3266. doi:10.1021/ja973478k. 
  5. ^ Gross ML (2004). "Focus in honor of Fred McLafferty, 2003 Distinguished Contribution awardee, for the discovery of the "McLafferty Rearrangement"". J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 15 (7): 951–5. PMID 15234352. doi:10.1016/j.jasms.2004.05.009. 
  6. ^ Grayson, Michael A. (January 22, 2007). "Interview with Fred W. McLafferty (Complete transcript)" (PDF). Center for Oral History. Chemical Heritage Foundation.  External link in |website= (help)
  7. ^ Grayson, Michael A. (January 22, 2007). "Interview with Fred W. McLafferty". Center for Oral History. Chemical Heritage Foundation.  External link in |website= (help)
  8. ^ McLafferty, F.W. (1959). "Mass Spectrometric Analysis. Molecular Rearrangements". Anal. Chem. 31 (1): 82–87. doi:10.1021/ac60145a015. 
  9. ^ McLafferty, F.W. (2009). Wiley Registry of Mass Spectral Data, 9th Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. pp. 662, 000. ISBN 978-0-470-52035-2. 
  10. ^ Tureček, František; McLafferty, Fred W. (1993). Interpretation of mass spectra. Sausalito, Calif: University Science Books. p. 290. ISBN 0-935702-25-3. 
  11. ^ McLafferty, F. W.; Hertel, R. H.; Villwock, R. D. (1974). "Probability based matching of mass spectra. Rapid identification of specific compounds in mixtures". Organic Mass Spectrometry. 9 (7): 690–702. doi:10.1002/oms.1210090710. 
  12. ^ "Chemical Pioneer Award". American Institute of Chemists. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  13. ^ "Nakanishi Prize". American Chemical Society. Retrieved 2016-01-03. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Venkataraghavan, Rengachari; McLafferty, Fred W. (1982). Mass spectral correlations. Columbus, OH: American Chemical Society. ISBN 0-8412-0702-X. 
  • Heller, Stephen R.; McLafferty, Fred W.; Stauffer, Douglas B.; Stenhagen, Einar (1989). The Wiley/NBS registry of mass spectral data. New York: Wiley. ISBN 0-471-62886-7. 
  • Stauffer, Douglas B.; McLafferty, Fred W. (1991). The important peak index of the registry of mass spectral data. New York: Wiley. ISBN 0-471-55270-4. 
  • Tureček, František; McLafferty, Fred W. (1993). Interpretation of mass spectra. Sausalito, Calif: University Science Books. ISBN 0-935702-25-3. 

External links[edit]