Fred Pagnam

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Fred Pagnam
Personal information
Full name Fred Pagnam[1][2]
Date of birth (1891-09-04)4 September 1891[3]
Place of birth Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire, England
Date of death 1 March 1962(1962-03-01) (aged 70)[4][5]
Place of death Samlesbury,[4][5] Lancashire, England
Playing position Forward
Youth career
Birchall BC
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1909–1910 Blackpool Wednesday
1910–1912 Huddersfield Town 0 (0)
1912 Doncaster Rovers
1912–1913 Southport Central
1913–1914 Blackpool 23 (1)
Gainsborough Trinity
1914–1919 Liverpool 37 (28)
1919–1921 Arsenal 50 (26)
1921 Cardiff City 27 (8)
1921–1926 Watford 144 (67)
Teams managed
1926–1929 Watford
1931–1932 Galatasaray
1932 Turkey
1934–1937 DWV
1935 HVV Den Haag
1937–1939 De Volewijckers
1939 CVV Vriendenschaar
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only

Fred Pagnam (4 September 1891 – 1 March 1962) was an English footballer and manager. Pagnam played as a forward in the Football League for clubs Huddersfield Town, Blackpool, Liverpool, Arsenal, Cardiff City and Watford, and in non-league football for Lytham, Blackpool Wednesday, Doncaster Rovers, Southport Central and Gainsborough Trinity.[3] As manager, he took charge of Watford, Galatasaray, the Turkish national team, and several clubs in the Netherlands.

Playing career[edit]

Pagnam, the son of a bank manager, was born in Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire, where he attended Baines Grammar School.[1] He played football for Birchall Boys' Club and for non-league clubs Lytham and Blackpool Wednesday before joining Huddersfield Town in 1910.[1] He played for the reserves but not for the first team, and after a spell with Doncaster Rovers of the Midland League, he joined Southport Central of the Central League.[3] By early 1913, the club was struggling financially, and the directors offered the players a choice: a wage cut or a free transfer. Pagnam took the latter, and moved on to Blackpool.[6] He scored just once in 23 Second Division appearances, spent time with another Midland League team, Gainsborough Trinity,[3] and signed for Liverpool in 1914.[7]

Pagnam scored on his Reds debut, against Chelsea on 10 October 1914, and scored four against Tottenham Hotspur a couple of weeks later. He went on to score 26 goals that season and was Liverpool's top scorer.[7][8]

His time at Liverpool coincided with a conspiracy by some Liverpool players to rig a match with Manchester United. This was in order to profit from betting on the result, in what became known as the 1915 British football betting scandal. Pagnam refused to take part in the conspiracy and even threatened to score a goal to ruin the prearranged result. United won 2–0 as agreed, but four Liverpool players and three United players were eventually found guilty of match-fixing by the Football Association, with Pagnam testifying against his teammates.[8][9][10]

The outbreak of the First World War meant competitive football was suspended at the end of the 1914–15 season. Pagnam continued to play for Liverpool during the war,[7] as well as making guest appearances for teams including Arsenal, Belfast Celtic and Blackpool.[1] When football resumed after hostilities ceased, he played only eight more matches for the club before being sold to Arsenal for a £1,500 fee in October 1919.[7][11]

Pagnam made his Arsenal debut against Bradford City on 25 October 1919. He was moderately prolific in his first season, scoring twelve League goals, although Harry White finished higher in the scoring charts. The next season, 1920–21, Pagnam finished as Arsenal's top scorer with 14 goals, despite having been sold to Cardiff City in March 1921 for £3,000 – Arsenal were quite strapped for cash at the time. In all he scored 27 goals in 53 appearances for Arsenal.[11][12][13]

He lasted just nine months at Cardiff. His six goals from 14 appearances helped them gain promotion to the First Division in their first season in the Football League, but he was less successful at the higher level,[14] and moved on to Watford of the Third Division South in December 1921 for a club-record fee of £1,000. In five seasons and 144 league matches, he scored 67 goals (74 from 157 appearances in all competitions) for Watford,[1] and was the Third Division South top scorer in 1922–23 with 30 goals.[15]

Managerial career[edit]

In 1926, Pagnam became Watford's manager; he spent three years in the job but achieved little. Watford finished 21st out of 22 in his first season but improved to 8th in 1928–29.[16] After leaving Watford, he managed Galatasaray and the Turkish national team.[5] Pagnam then coached in the Netherlands at DWV, HVV Den Haag, De Volewijckers, HFC Haarlem and CVV Vriendenschaar.[1][5]

At the outbreak of the Second World War, he returned to the UK with his Dutch wife to run a pub. Pagnam died in 1962 aged 70.[5]


As a player[edit]



  1. ^ a b c d e f "Players: O'Brien–Patching" (PDF). Watford FC Archive. Trefor Jones. p. 24. Retrieved 2 February 2018. 
  2. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 February 2017.  Click "View the original" for an image of the birth register.
  3. ^ a b c d Joyce, Michael (2004). Football League Players' Records 1888 to 1939. Nottingham: SoccerData. p. 201. ISBN 978-1-899468-67-6. 
  4. ^ a b "Pagnam dies aged 70". Daily Mail. London. 2 March 1962. Retrieved 8 February 2018 – via 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Fred Pagnam (trainer)". (in Dutch). Retrieved 8 February 2018. 
  6. ^ Urwin, Rob (23 May 2016). "A complete history of Southport Football Club" (PDF). Southport F.C. pp. 17–18. Retrieved 2 February 2018. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Fred Pagnam". Liverpool F.C. Retrieved 2 February 2018. 
  8. ^ a b Prentice, David (8 September 2007). "Past Masters: War ruined career of prolific Red Fred Pagnam". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 2 February 2018. 
  9. ^ Airey, Tom; Burnell, Paul (3 April 2015). "Man Utd v Liverpool: The 1915 Good Friday betting scandal". BBC News. Retrieved 2 February 2018. 
  10. ^ Smith, Tony. "Red Devilry". Red News. Archived from the original on 22 March 2005. 
  11. ^ a b Harris, Jeff (1995). Hogg, Tony, ed. Arsenal Who's Who. Independent UK Sports. pp. 97–98. ISBN 978-1-899429-03-5. 
  12. ^ "Players: Fred Pagnam". Arsenal F.C. Retrieved 2 February 2018. 
  13. ^ Kelly, Andy. "Arsenal first team line-ups". The Arsenal History. Retrieved 3 February 2018.  Select season required.
  14. ^ "Former Gunner Fred helped City go up". South Wales Echo. 23 January 2009. p. 61 – via Infotrac Newsstand. (Subscription required (help)). 
  15. ^ a b Ross, James M. (8 June 2017). "Football League Div 3 leading goalscorers 1921–39". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 2 February 2018. 
  16. ^ "Summary of each manager's League results" (PDF). Watford FC Archive. Trefor Jones. p. 4. Retrieved 8 February 2018. 

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