Frederic Parke

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Frederic Parke
Born (1943-05-13) May 13, 1943 (age 80)
Alma materUniversity of Utah
Scientific career
FieldsComputer science
InstitutionsUniversity of Utah

Frederic Ira Parke is an American computer graphics researcher and academic. He did early work on animated computer renderings of human faces.

Parke graduated from the University of Utah with a BS degree in physics in 1965. He was then a graduate student of the University of Utah College of Engineering where he received his MS (1972) and PhD (1974) in computer science.

In 1972, in a project partially financed by DARPA, Parke made the first 3D animation of a representation of a human face, his wife's face. This animation used a wireframe geometry overlaid with Gouraud shading that produces approximate renderings of curved surfaces. The technique was invented by Parke's Utah colleague Henri Gouraud.[1][2]

A Computer Animated Face[edit]

In 1974, he created a more complex, parametric model of a human face, demonstrating various expressions and speech synchronization.[3] Snippets of this animation, along with Ed Catmull's 1972 animation of his left hand, were used in the 1976 film Futureworld. Several of the faces also appeared in the music video of Miley Cyrus' 2013 song "We Can't Stop".[4]

He has worked at the New York Institute of Technology Computer Graphics Laboratory.[5]

Parke teaches at Texas A&M University in the Visualization Sciences program.[citation needed][6]


  1. ^ Parke, Frederic (1972). "Computer generated animation of faces". Proceedings of the ACM annual conference on - ACM'72. Vol. 1. pp. 451–457. doi:10.1145/800193.569955. S2CID 30615560.
  2. ^ Parke, Frederic (1972). Computer generated animation of faces (Technical report). University of Utah. UTEC-CSs-72-120.
  3. ^ Parent, Rick (2012), Computer Animation: Algorithms and Techniques, Newnes, p. 23, ISBN 9780124159730, 9780124159730
  4. ^ "Virtual Bodies and Empty Signifiers: On Fred Parke and Miley Cyrus". 20 January 2014.
  5. ^ "NYITer's: Where Are They Now?".
  6. ^ "Frederic Parke, PHD. - College of Architecture".

External links[edit]

  • Homepage of Frederic I. Parke at Texas A&M University