Fred Thompson presidential campaign, 2008
|Fred Thompson for President 2008|
|Campaign||U.S. presidential election, 2008|
U.S. Senator 1994–2003
|Key people||Bill Lacy (chairman)|
|Slogan||Security · Unity · Prosperity|
Fred Thompson was a Republican Party primary candidate to represent his party in the 2008 United States presidential election. Thompson worked as a lawyer, lobbyist, and character actor, and he represented Tennessee as a Republican in the U.S. Senate from 1994 through 2003.
On March 11, 2007, Thompson appeared on Fox News Sunday to discuss the possibility of a 2008 candidacy for president. The announcement spurred several grassroots draft movements, including a well-organized draft campaign started by Dean Rice, a former Thompson political aide, in Knoxville, Tennessee. While Thompson had not yet formally announced his intentions, he said he would "leave the door open." He stated that he would not be interested in accepting a hypothetical nomination for vice president, explaining "I don't think I would ever want to do that and be in the second position."
Thompson's March 11 announcement spurred a flurry of conjecture, discussion, and activity on the Internet. A "Draft Fred Thompson" forum site became a particularly popular online forum for supporters. One group of supporters organized under the banner "FredHeadsUSA" with a plan to build a grassroots political movement to expand on Thompson's support on the Internet.
On May 15, Thompson published a video in which he declined to debate Michael Moore about Cuba. On May 18, he continued his Internet campaign by posting a letter to Pajamas Media acknowledging his online supporters.
Thompson formed an exploratory committee on June 1, 2007. Unlike most candidate exploratory groups, his organized as a 527 group. Thompson made his first public appearance after this exploratory committee formed on June 2 at the Virginia Republicans annual fund-raising gala in Richmond, Virginia. Shortly thereafter, on June 5, 2007, Thompson launched his official website. The same day, there was a Republican Presidential candidates debate with the then current 10 candidates, from New Hampshire, broadcast on CNN. Thompson was mentioned repeatedly as one of the poll front runners, even though he did not participate.
On June 12, 2007, Thompson appeared on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. He would not announce his candidacy, but referred to his presidential exploratory committee, which he stated had yielded positive prospects. Leno mentioned that Thompson was #2 in the polls, and asked him if he would at least state if he would like the job of President. Thompson responded that, while he did not crave the job itself, there were things he would like to do that he could only do by holding that office.
In early July 2007, Liz Sidoti of the Associated Press wrote: "Thompson's easygoing, no-nonsense style is clearly his strength and undoubtedly has helped him soar in presidential polls." Tucker Eskew, a Republican strategist unaligned in the race, said, "Smooth is good, but sometimes nitty gritty is essential" and "He'll be tested (but) he has a little time." Meanwhile, he received a flurry of press attention over lobbying work he had done in 1991 and 1992 for a group advocating relaxed regulations on abortion counseling at federally funded clinics. In July 2007, a New York Times article cited Thompson's aides as saying on July 18 that he planned to enter the race just after Labor Day (the first Monday in September), followed by a national announcement tour.
Thompson visited Iowa on August 17, 2007, but did not then officially launch his presidential campaign. Thompson was asked by NBC if he was officially in the race for president. Thompson replied with a simple "No." It was also noted that Thompson was already prepping for the Republican debates, so that he would be able to join the other Republican candidates on stage at the events after becoming an announced candidate.
Thompson declared his intent to seek the nomination on September 5, 2007 on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, accompanied by a 15-minute web video. He then began a five-day tour of early voting states, including Iowa, New Hampshire and South Carolina.
The campaign begins
In late September and early October, Fred Thompson made several blunders including not being aware of the Supreme Court decision regarding lethal injection, confusing the party in power during the John Roberts nomination, being unaware of the controversy over drilling for oil in the Everglades, and confusing Russia and the Soviet Union.
On September 27, 2007, PBS television hosted a Republican debate in Baltimore, Maryland, at Morgan State University that aired live on PBS and on www.pbs.org. Thompson, who missed his first debate opportunity since declaring his candidacy, was criticized by event organizers and other GOP candidates for his absence. The October 9, 2007, CNBC, The Wall Street Journal, and the University of Michigan–Dearborn hosted Republican debate in Dearborn, Michigan, at the Ford Community and Performing Arts Center, featured Thompson in attendance.
Primaries and caucuses
Thompson competed in the Republican primary or caucus in five states. He won 13% of the vote in the Iowa Republican caucuses, trailing Mike Huckabee (34%) and Mitt Romney (25%). John McCain also got 13%, but Thompson received more actual votes. Thompson won 3 of the 12 delegates in the Wyoming Republican County Conventions on January 5, 2008.
On January 15, 2008, Thompson placed 5th in the Michigan Republican primary with 4% of the vote, winning no delegates. He received 8% of the vote in the Nevada Caucuses, placing 5th, on January 19, 2008. He did not win any delegates.
On January 19, 2008, Thompson placed 3rd in the South Carolina primary with 16% of the vote, earning no delegates. Thompson was counting on a win in the southern conservative state to save his struggling campaign, and his poor showing was seen as a fatal blow to his candidacy.
Withdrawal from race
On January 22, 2008, after finishing third in South Carolina — a primary which he had publicly said he needed to win — Thompson announced his withdrawal from the race. In a statement released by his campaign, Thompson said, "Today, I have withdrawn my candidacy for president of the United States. I hope that my country and my party have benefited from our having made this effort." He did not immediately endorse any of the remaining candidates, but in February 2008 endorsed John McCain.
Campaign staff and policy team
Political insiders in Tennessee expected the inner circle of a Thompson campaign to include, in addition to his politically experienced wife, a number of functionaries with whom Thompson has been associated in the past. Thompson's chief fundraiser was Wyatt A. Stewart, a former fundraiser for the National Republican Congressional Committee. Also said to be likely senior advisers were former Republican National Committee chair Ed Gillespie, former vice president of the food and tobacco company Altria Tom Collamore, PR man Mark Corallo, former chairman of the Federal Election Commission Michael E. Toner, former Senate aide Tom Daffron, longtime Tennessee politician Tom Ingram and Congressman Zach Wamp. On July 24, 2007, Thompson announced he was replacing his acting campaign manager, Tom Collamore, with former Michigan Senator and Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham and Florida GOP strategist Randy Enright. Collamore would remain as an advisor, Enright would be political director, and Abraham did not have a title. On August 8, 2007, Bill Lacy was named manager of Thompson's "testing the waters committee". Lacy had worked in the campaigns of Presidents Reagan and Bush, as well as Senator Bob Dole, and had worked on Thompson's 1994 campaign.
Thompson supported free trade and low taxes. He was a self-described authentic conservative since he was part of the Conservative Revolution of the 90s. He said that Roe v. Wade was a wrong decision that ought to be overturned, and that he was pro-life, but he also said that states should decide not to criminalize young women for early term abortions. Thompson was skeptical that humanity is to blame for global warming. He said citizens are entitled to keep and bear arms if they do not have criminal records. Thompson's support of the McCain-Feingold campaign finance legislation brought criticism from groups such as Gun Owners of America (GOA), who said that the legislation limited their ability to inform the public about the gun rights voting records of incumbent politicians. Thompson said that the limitation on political speech within thirty or sixty days of an election was wrong and should be repealed. Thompson said U.S. borders need to be secured before considering comprehensive immigration reform. Thompson supported the U.S. invasion of Iraq, but later stated that mistakes had been made since then. He is opposed to withdrawal from Iraq. He also believed that Iran should be taken seriously.
On November 13, 2007, the National Right to Life Committee announced its endorsement of Fred Thompson, stating "Our endorsement is a testament to Senator Thompson’s long-standing pro-life record, his commitment to unborn children, and our belief in his ability to win."
As of September 6, 2007, Thompson had been endorsed by 20 current members of Congress, including both Tennessee senators. Also, on June 12, 2007 former U.S. Senator Alfonse D'Amato (New York) endorsed Thompson for president.
Former Senate Majority Leader Howard Baker of Tennessee also expressed his support, saying: "If I had to pick one thing that qualifies him to be president, it's this: he approaches things calmly, deliberately—and he doesn't shoot from the hip."
List of individuals endorsing Fred Thompson
- United States Republican presidential candidates, 2008
- Republican Party (United States) presidential primaries, 2008
- Opinion Polling for the Republican Party
- "Transcript: Former Sen. Fred Thompson on 'FOX News Sunday'". Fox news. March 11, 2007. Archived from the original on August 27, 2007.
- Seidman, Joel. "Thompson rules out VP spot on GOP ticket", MSNBC (2007-05-11).
- See DraftFredThompson.com.
- See the FredHeadsUSA web site and the FredHeads web site.
- "Thompson Responds to Michael Moore Challenge" (video clip). Breitbart.tv. May 15, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-17.
- Thompson, Fred (21 May 2007). "To PJM and Friends". Pajamas Media.
- "Fred Thompson to Speak in Richmond". WHSV TV. 2007-06-01. Retrieved 2007-06-03.
- Horrigan, Marie (2007-07-31). "Fred Thompson’s Long ‘Exploration’ Raises Money — and Confusion". Congressional Quarterly. Retrieved 2007-08-08.
- Lessig, Hugh (2007-06-01). "Media horde to follow Thompson to Richmond". Daily Press. Retrieved 2007-06-03.
- Struglinski, Suzanne and Roche, Lisa. "Actor heightens GOP debate drama", Deseret Morning News (2007-06-05).
- "Thompson Tells Leno He Would Like to Be President". Fox News. 2007-06-07. Retrieved 2007-06-28.
- Sidoti, Liz. "Thompson Strong on Style, Not Substance", Associated Press (2007-07-05). Retrieved (2007-07-07).
- Becker, Jo.Records Show Ex-Senator’s Work for Family Planning Unit, New York Times (2007-07-19).
- Nagourney, Adam. "Candidates Shift as G.O.P. Field Alters", NY Times (2007-07-19).
- "Thompson Committee Raises Millions in One Month". August 4, 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-13.
- Bailey, Holly. "Grin and Bear It", Newsweek (2007-09-10).
- Steve McGookin (2007-09-05). "Thompson Finally Steps Onstage". Forbes. Brief excerpts from the Tonight Show appearance are available from NBC.
- Bond, Paul. "Fred Thompson Says Rivals Got in Presidential Race Too Early" (2007-09-06). The 15-minute video is available at Fred08.com.
- Thompson unaware of death penalty cases - Tommy Thompson News - MSNBC.com
- Thompson's slip-ups on the stump - MSNBC Video
- Nagourney, Adam (October 4, 2007). "On Stump, Low-Key Thompson Stirs Few Sparks". The New York Times. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
- msnbc.com Video Player
- Washington Post
- Taking Iran ‘Off the Table’ - Council on Foreign Relations
- Montopoli, Brian (December 5, 2007). "Thompson Says NIE Report Could Be "Too Good To Be True"". CBS News.
- "Primary Results for Iowa". CNN. 2008-01-05.
- "Primary Results for Wyoming". CNN. 2008-01-05.
- "Primary Results for Michigan". CNN. 2008-01-17.
- "Primary Results for Nevada". CNN. 2008-01-17.
- "Primary Results for South Carolina". CNN. 2008-01-22.
- Christian Right Still in Search of Ideal Candidate ChristianPost.com, Jan. 21, 2008
- S.C. primary could cut Thompson out of script Chicago Tribune, Jan. 19, 2008
- Early failures force Thompson out of race MSNBC.com, Jan. 22, 2008
- Is this the end of Fred’s run? Nashville City Paper, Jan. 21, 2008
- "Fred Thompson Quits Presidential Race". Associated Press. 2008-01-22.
- Fred Thompson Endorses John McCain
- Cillizza, Chris. "Fred Thompson's Inner Circle", washingtonpost.com's Politics Blog (2007-06-12)
- "World’s Premier Election Assistance NGO Appoints Chief Operating Officer: Top Republican strategist and fundraiser Wyatt A. Stewart, III to join the International Foundation for Electoral Systems" (PDF) (Press release). International Foundation for Electoral Systems. November 30, 2009. Retrieved December 5, 2009.
- Whitehouse, Ken (June 1, 2007). "The 'Inner Fred'". NashvillePost.com. Retrieved 2007-06-01.
- Associated Press, Thompson Shakes Up Staff, by LIBBY QUAID, July 24, 2007
- Quaid, Lib (July 25, 2007). "Former Michigan senator Abraham to co-chair Thompson bid". Associated Press. Retrieved 2007-08-13.
- "Bill Lacy Named Committee Manager". August 8, 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-13.
- Thompson, Fred. "Federalism 'n' Me", AEI (2007-04-23). Retrieved 2007-05-13.
- Thompson, Fred. "Prepared Remarks for Speech to Lincoln Club Annual Dinner", ABC Radio, May 4, 2007. Accessed May 13, 2007.
- Thompson, Fred. "Case Closed: Tax Cuts Mean Growth", ABC Radio, April 14, 2007. Accessed May 13, 2007.
- "Transcript: Former Sen. Fred Thompson on 'FOX News Sunday'". Fox News. 2007-03-11. Archived from the original on May 29, 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-17.
- "Exclusive! Former Tennessee Senator Fred Thompson on Possible White House Bid", Fox News Interview (2007-06-05).
- Bailey, Holly. "Away From the Cameras," Newsweek (2007-06-25).
- Thompson, Fred. "Plutonic Warming", AEI, March 22, 2007. Accessed May 13, 2007.
- Thompson, Fred. "Armed with the Truth", ABC Radio, May 10, 2007. Accessed May 13, 2007.
- Fields, Craig. "Presidential Candidates And The Second Amendment: Fred Thompson", Gun Owners of America (GOA). Accessed June 10, 2007. Archived June 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Sean Hannity interview of Fred Thompson, Fox News, June 6, 2007. Accessed June 9, 2007.
- "Former Sen. Fred Thompson on 'FOX News Sunday'". Fox News. 2007-03-11. Archived from the original on June 20, 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
- "Thompson: U.S. must rebuild military". 2007-08-21. Retrieved 2007-07-02.[dead link]
- Thompson, Fred."Remarks to Policy Exchange in London" (2007-06-19). Retrieved 2007-07-02.
- Human Events Endorsement Page, January 11, 2008
- National Right to Life Committee press release, November 13, 2007
- Endorsements '08, The Hill (2007-08-01). Retrieved 2007-08-30. Archived August 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Keating, Raymond. "D'Amato could be right on Thompson", Newsday (2007-06-18). Retrieved 2007-08-30. Archived July 16, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Key Bush backers rally to Fred Thompson - Mike Allen - Politico.com
- Sajak's Federal Campaign Contribution Report
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- The Fred Thompson Report, ABC Radio Networks (official site).
- The Official YouTube Page for Fred Thompson (official video site).
- The Official Flickr Page for Fred Thompson (official photo site).
- Spartan Internet Political Performance (SIPP) Index - Ranking of Fred Thompson Internet-wide popularity Weekly
- The Fred Thompson Papers, University of Tennessee (official archive).
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Fred Dalton Thompson at the Internet Movie Database acting career.
- The Fred Files Lobbying disclosures, 1975–1994.
- Fred Thompson Hometown Biography, Lawrenceburg Tennessee
- Fred Thompson presidential campaign, 2008 at DMOZ