Freda Jackson in The Brides of Dracula
|Born||Freda Maud Jackson
29 December 1907
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England
|Died||20 October 1990
Northampton, Northamptonshire, England
|Spouse(s)||Henry Bird (1937-1990) (her death) 1 child|
Freda Maud Jackson (29 December 1907 - 20 October 1990) was an English stage actress who also worked in film and TV.
She made her stage debut on 1 January 1934, appearing at the Northampton Repertory Theatre in Sweet Lavender. After two years with the resident company there she first appeared in London on 13 July 1936 in The Sacred Flame at the Q Theatre, afterwards touring with Emlyn Williams in Williams' play Night Must Fall. In 1938 she joined the Old Vic company, touring with them the following year in Europe and Egypt, and in 1940 she became part of the Stratford Memorial Theatre company. Her film debut was in Mountains o' Mourne in 1938; other early films included Powell and Pressburger's A Canterbury Tale, Laurence Olivier's Henry V and David Lean's Great Expectations.
In July 1945 she scored a big personal success at the Embassy Theatre, playing the sadistic landlady Mrs Voray in Joan Temple's No Room at the Inn. She also starred in the play's West End transfer and in the 1948 film adaptation. Four years later she played a similar role, Mrs Allistair, in the stage and screen versions of Sylvia Rayman's Women of Twilight. "I wonder," she wrote in 1954, "if [my fellow actors] ever dreamed when we were treading the Shakespearean boards together at Stratford 14 years ago that their light-hearted Nerissa, Maria and Mrs Quickly would, in less years than it takes to say Sweeney Todd, be treading so heavily the darkest paths of crime - her name a horrid by-word, a source of cosy shudders ... Seriously though, dear public, you must please believe that I was not always so depraved a character."
In July 1955, back at Northampton, she played the role she later listed as her favourite in Who's Who in the Theatre - Marguerite Gautier in The Lady of the Camellias. Later stage appearances included the Gypsy in Camino Real (Phoenix Theatre 1957), Duel of Angels (Apollo Theatre 1958), Mrs Hitchcock in Sergeant Musgrave's Dance (Royal Court Theatre 1959), Gunhild in John Gabriel Borkman (Mermaid Theatre 1961), the title role in Mother Courage (Bristol Old Vic 1961), Naked (Royal Court Theatre 1963), a 1967 tour of Arsenic and Old Lace, and Maria Helliwell in When We Are Married (Strand Theatre 1970).
Her later films included Lewis Gilbert's The Good Die Young (as Joan Collins' mother), George Cukor's Bhowani Junction, Ralph Thomas' A Tale of Two Cities, Terence Fisher's The Brides of Dracula, Tony Richardson's Tom Jones, two for Michael Winner (West 11 and The Jokers), Daniel Haller's Die, Monster, Die! (as Boris Karloff's wife), and two featuring Ray Harryhausen creature effects, The Valley of Gwangi and Clash of the Titans. Summarising her film career, David Quinlan has noted that she "created some memorably grim portraits ... fewer than one would have liked, but she was really too ferocious for supporting roles."
She was born in Nottingham in 1907. During her early years with Northampton Rep she reputedly had a relationship with fellow company member Errol Flynn. She married the artist Henry Bird in 1937, living with him at Hardingstone House, Northampton. Their son Julian, initially a psychiatrist, later became an actor. She died, aged 82, in 1990.
- Mountains o' Mourne 1938
- A Canterbury Tale 1944
- Henry V 1944
- Beware of Pity 1946
- Great Expectations 1946
- No Room at the Inn 1948
- Women of Twilight 1952
- Mr. Denning Drives North 1952
- The Good Die Young 1954
- The Crowded Day 1954
- Bhowani Junction 1956
- The Last Man to Hang? 1956
- The Flesh Is Weak 1957
- A Tale of Two Cities 1958
- The Brides of Dracula 1960
- Shadow of the Cat 1961
- Greyfriars Bobby 1961
- Tom Jones 1963
- West 11 1963
- The Third Secret 1964
- Die, Monster, Die! 1965
- The Jokers 1967
- The Valley of Gwangi 1969
- Clash of the Titans 1981
- John Parker (ed), Who's Who in the Theatre, 15th edition, Pitman Publishing 1972
- Parker, op cit
- David Quinlan, The Illustrated Directory of Film Character Actors, BT Batsford Ltd 1985
- Anthony Hawtrey, 'Foreword', Embassy Successes II, Sampson Low, Marston & Co 1946
- JP Wearing, The London Stage 1950–1959: A Calendar of Plays and Players, Scarecrow Press 1993
- Freda Jackson, 'Saturnalia: Freda Jackson On - and Off - Stage', Curtain Up: The Only Repertory Theatre Magazine Vol 11 no 2, 26 April 1954
- Parker, op cit
- Quinlan, op cit
- Ian Mayes, Henry Bird obituary, op cit