|Composition by Miles Davis|
|from the album Kind of Blue|
|Released||August 17, 1959|
|Recorded||March 2, 1959|
|Kind of Blue track listing|
"Freddie Freeloader" is a composition by Miles Davis and is the second track on his 1959 album Kind of Blue. The piece takes the form of a twelve-bar blues in B♭, but the chord over the final two bars of each chorus is an A♭7, not the traditional B♭7 followed by either F7 for a turnaround or some variation of B♭7 for an ending.
Davis employed Wynton Kelly as the pianist for this track in place of Bill Evans, as Kelly was something of a blues specialist. The solos are by Kelly, Miles Davis, John Coltrane, Cannonball Adderley and Paul Chambers.
According to the documentary Kind of Blue: Made in Heaven, and an anecdote from the jazz pianist Monty Alexander, the song was named after an individual named Freddie who would frequently try to see the music Davis and others performed without paying (thus freeloading). The name may have also been inspired by Red Skelton’s most famous character, "Freddie the Freeloader" the hobo clown.
"Freddie Freeloader" has proven to be one of Davis' most enduring compositions. Stanley Jordan recorded it for his 1985 album Magic Touch. A vocalese version is featured on the 1990 album Freddie Freeloader, featuring Bobby McFerrin (Wynton Kelly), Al Jarreau (Miles Davis), George Benson (Cannonball Adderley) and Jon Hendricks (John Coltrane).
Dexter Gordon recorded the tune in Copenhagen, for SteepleChase Records, on his 1975 quartet album "Something Different" (with Philip Catherine, guitar; Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen, bass; and Gordon's favourite drummer, Billy Higgins). The CD version has a second take of the tune.
Per the liner notes.
- Miles Davis – trumpet
- Julian "Cannonball" Adderley – alto saxophone
- John Coltrane – tenor saxophone
- Wynton Kelly – piano
- Paul Chambers – double bass
- Jimmy Cobb – drums
- "Fifty Years Ago Today: "Freddie Freeloader" and the Start of "Kind of Blue"". All About Jazz. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- Kurtz, Alan. "Miles Davis: Freddie Freeloader". Jazz.com. Archived from the original on 11 February 2010. Retrieved 29 September 2010.