Freddie Grubb

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Frederick Grubb
Personal information
Full name Frederick Henry Grubb
Born (1887-05-27)27 May 1887
Kingston, Surrey, England
Died 6 March 1949(1949-03-06) (aged 61)
Surrey, England
Team information
Discipline Road
Role Rider

Frederick "Freddie" Henry Grubb (27 May 1887 – 6 March 1949) was a British road racing cyclist who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics. He won silver medals in the individual road race and the team road race. In 1914, after he retired from racing, he established a bicycle manufacturing business (F.H.Grubb) in Brixton, London. By 1920 manufacturing had moved to Croydon and then in 1926 to Twickenham. In 1935 FHG Ltd was established in Wimbledon but by 1947 the F H Grubb name was back in use. Two years after his death the business was bought by Holdsworth, which used the Freddie Grubb brand until around 1978.

Cycling career[edit]

Born in Kingston, Surrey in 1887, Freddie Grubb was a leading rider when cycle-racing in Britain was limited to time-trials and track racing. A writer said of him in 1910: "Since August Bank Holiday he has been the most talked-of cyclist in Great Britain... and it is safe to say that no man since Harry Green has shown more brilliant promise".[1] He was a vegetarian and rode for the Vegetarian Cycle and Athletic Club. He broke the 100-mile time-trial record in 1910 on a fixed-wheel bike with no brakes. The Vegetarian club historian, Peter Duncan, said: "He has no brakes; traffic was so light he saw no need for them." [1][n 1] Grubb rode the distance in less than five hours. The distance had already been ridden in less than five hours by "Goss" Green during a record attempt from London to Brighton and back over 104 miles; his finishing time showed he had ridden 100 miles in less than five hours but he was denied the 100-mile record because he had not been timed at that distance.[2] Grubb's ride was the first to be formally timed.

Grubb set a record for 12 hours in the Anerley event near Liverpool in 1911. The organizers had set a course of 210 miles, further than they expected any rider to go. It had to be extended to allow Grubb to ride 220.5 miles. The second rider, Charlie Davey, also beat the club's plans and finished in 215.5 miles.

Grubb set a record of 351 miles for a 24-hour time-trial on the track. It was broken by Henrik Morén with 375.6 miles in 1912. Grubb's 5h 9m 41s for London to Brighton and back stood for 14 years. He rode a Triumph bicycle with a reinforced frame to withstand his style of forcing round big gears.[2]

He won two silver medals in the Olympic Games in Stockholm in 1912.[3] He turned professional in 1914. Cycling reported:[4]

F. H. Grubb [has] returned his amateur license to the National Cyclists' Union. He has decided to make cycle racing and record breaking both on road and path a profession... Next year, he will take part in all the big Continental road races, and will also participate in paced races on the track. Grubb, who has been a strict vegetarian for five years, is a non-smoker and total abstainer, and should prove a very worthy British representative abroad. He is 25 years of age, and scales 12st stripped, and when he gets accustomed to the Continental methods there is no reason he should not shine as a star of the very first order in the professional ranks.

Grubb was considered for the New York, Paris and Berlin six-day races.[5] He rode briefly on the continent, starting in the 1914 Giro d'Italia before returning disillusioned. The venture ended his cycling because rules denied professionals the right to ride again as an amateur.

Cycle trade[edit]

The Freddie Grubb shop at Amwell Street, London.

Grubb opened a cycle business in Brixton, south London, in 1914 but the First World War started. Peter Duncan said:[1]

Fred worked in a London munitions factory. He had long working hours and cycled to and from work every day. It was all bed and work. He wanted to get into the Navy for an easier life, but his reserved-occupation status was a problem.[n 2] Eventually he managed, but Navy catering meant when he returned he was no longer vegetarian. He was made an honorary club member.

Grubb opened another shop after the war, with money from his clubmate Charlie Davey. Grubb went into partnership with Ching Allin in 1919, forming Allin & Grubb of 132 Whitehorse Road, Croydon. The two split in a row over cycle design. Allin & Grubb became A. H. Allin and began selling Davey cycles rather than Grubb.

The cycle-trade historian Mick Butler, who called Grubb "not a very likable character", said:[n 3][n 4][6]

After the Armistice (1918), Charlie Davey put up more money for Fred Grubb to resume production with Ching Allin in partnership and the firm of Allin & Grubb was founded in 1919. Ching was a much more likeable character so with the prestigious name of Grubb on the bikes and the likeable nature and business acumen of Ching the bikes were an instant hit complete with the then revolutionary quick release.

Butler added:[6]

An advert for F.H.Grubb [says] "NOT THE ONLY DROPOUT BUT THE ONLY GENUINE QUICK RELEASE". I was told many moons ago by Bill Bush and Len James, former stalwarts of the Southern Veteran Cycling Club, that there was one hell of a row between Ching Allin and Fred Grubb over who originally designed the drop-out and quick release on the Grubb bicycle. Apparently Fred Grubb wanted all the credit as his name had top billing on the bikes they were making and Ching was annoyed by this, staking a claim for Charley Davey who was Fred's money man and the designer of the original QR.

Grubb opened another business under his own name in London Road, West Croydon, in 1920 and by 1924 had a shop at Robsart Street, Brixton.

In 1934 Grubb advertised that his business was in liquidation. He then opened another company, FHG, at 147a Haydons Road, Wimbledon, with 20 staff from the former venture.

Grubb died on 6 March 1949, aged 61, in north-east Surrey and his family continued the business. The Holdsworth company bought the Grubb name in 1952.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Riding a fixed wheel, or direct gearing between the pedals and the back wheel, would have given him limited braking but not enough for an emergency stop.
  2. ^ Dispensation from military enlistment was given to workers in 'Reserved-occupations', those industries, such as munitions, farming and mines, often considered too valuable at home to be allowed to fight abroad.
  3. ^ Quick release wheels can be attached and detached faster than the nut and bolt of other wheels, an advantage when changing a punctured tyre during a race
  4. ^ Cycling historian Mick Butler also noted that the earliest reference for 'quick release wheels' that could be verified was Cycling, 4 March 1920 p XVI. An advert declared Grubb Racing Cycles – with the simplest quickest form of quick release wheels – Allin & Grubb, 132 Whitehorse Road, Croydon. The same issue of Cycling also contains an advert for 'F.H.Grubb, 250 London Road, Croydon', (just around the corner from Allin & Grubb) which goes on to state "no connection with any other firm" so it would seem they had already parted company or all was not quite well.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c NTL World, F.H.Grubb – FHG – Freddie Grubb, by Norman Kilgariff.
  2. ^ a b The Bicycle, 15 July 1942, p6
  3. ^ "Freddie Grubb Olympic Results". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 2 February 2013. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  4. ^ Cycling, 3 October 1912, p290
  5. ^ Cycling, 31 October 1912, p371
  6. ^ a b Classic Lightweights, Allin-Grubb, retrieved September 2008

External links[edit]