|Birth name||Frederick Dwayne Hubbard|
|Born||April 7, 1938|
Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.
|Died||December 29, 2008 (aged 70)|
Sherman Oaks, California, U.S.
Frederick Dewayne Hubbard (April 7, 1938 – December 29, 2008) was an American jazz trumpeter. He played bebop, hard bop, and post-bop styles from the early 1960s onwards. His unmistakable and influential tone contributed to new perspectives for modern jazz and bebop.
Hubbard started playing the mellophone and trumpet in his school band at Arsenal Technical High School in Indianapolis, Indiana. Trumpeter Lee Katzman, former sideman with Stan Kenton, recommended that he begin studying at the Arthur Jordan Conservatory of Music (now the Jordan College of the Arts at Butler University) with Max Woodbury, the principal trumpeter of the Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra. In his teens, Hubbard worked locally with brothers Wes and Monk Montgomery, and worked with bassist Larry Ridley and saxophonist James Spaulding. In 1958, at the age of 20, he moved to New York and began playing with some of the best jazz players of the era, including Philly Joe Jones, Sonny Rollins, Slide Hampton, Eric Dolphy, J. J. Johnson, and Quincy Jones. On June 19, 1960, Hubbard made his first record as a leader, Open Sesame, at the beginning of his contract with Blue Note Records, with saxophonist Tina Brooks, pianist McCoy Tyner, bassist Sam Jones, and drummer Clifford Jarvis. Six days later he returned the favor to Brooks and recorded with him on True Blue.
Then in May 1961, Hubbard played on Olé Coltrane, John Coltrane's final recording session for Atlantic Records. Coltrane also hired Hubbard, Eric Dolphy and Art Davis, who all appeared Olé, to record Africa/Brass, Coltrane's first album with Impulse!, which was begun just after Olé. In August 1961, Hubbard recorded Ready for Freddie (Blue Note), which was also his first collaboration with saxophonist Wayne Shorter. Hubbard became Shorter's bandmate when he replaced Lee Morgan in Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers later in 1961. He played on more than 10 live and studio recordings with Blakey during one of the most acclaimed eras of the Jazz Messengers, including Caravan, Ugetsu, Mosaic, and Free for All. In all, during the 1960s, he recorded eight studio albums as a bandleader for Blue Note, and more than two dozen as a sideman. Hubbard remained with Blakey until 1966, leaving to form the first of several small groups of his own, which featured, among others, his Blue note associate James Spaulding, pianist Kenny Barron and drummer Louis Hayes. This group recorded for Atlantic.
It was during this time that he began to develop his own sound, distancing himself from the early influences of Clifford Brown and Morgan, and won the DownBeat jazz magazine "New Star" award on trumpet.
Throughout the 1960s, Hubbard played as a sideman on some of the most important albums from that era, including Oliver Nelson's The Blues and the Abstract Truth, Eric Dolphy's Out to Lunch!, Herbie Hancock's Maiden Voyage, and Wayne Shorter's Speak No Evil. Hubbard was described as "the most brilliant trumpeter of a generation of musicians who stand with one foot in 'tonal' jazz and the other in the atonal camp". Though he never fully embraced the free jazz of the 1960s, he appeared on two of its landmark albums: Coleman's Free Jazz and Coltrane's Ascension, as well as on Sonny Rollins' "new thing" track, "East Broadway Run Down" (on the 1966 album of the same name), with Elvin Jones and Jimmy Garrison.
Hubbard achieved his greatest popular success in the 1970s with a series of albums for Creed Taylor and his record label CTI Records, overshadowing Stanley Turrentine, Hubert Laws, and George Benson. Although his early 1970s jazz albums Red Clay, First Light, Straight Life, and Sky Dive were particularly well received and considered among his best work, the albums he recorded later in the decade were attacked by critics for their commercialism. First Light won a 1972 Grammy Award and included pianists Herbie Hancock and Richard Wyands, guitarists Eric Gale and George Benson, bassist Ron Carter, drummer Jack DeJohnette, and percussionist Airto Moreira. In 1994, Hubbard, collaborating with Chicago jazz vocalist/co-writer Catherine Whitney, had lyrics set to the music of First Light.
In 1977, Hubbard joined the all-start V.S.O.P. band, which also featured Herbie Hancock, Tony Williams, Ron Carter and Wayne Shorter. All of the band's members except Hubbard were members of the mid-1960s Miles Davis Quintet. Several live recordings of this group were released as V.S.O.P, V.S.O.P. The Quintet, V.S.O.P. Tempest in the Colosseum (all 1977) and V.S.O.P. Live Under the Sky (1979).
Hubbard's trumpet playing was featured on the track "Zanzibar" from the 1978 Billy Joel album 52nd Street (the 1979 Grammy Award Winner for Best Album). The track ends with a fade during Hubbard's performance. An unfaded version was released on the 2004 Billy Joel boxed set My Lives.
In the 1980s Hubbard was again leading his own jazz group – this time with Billy Childs and Larry Klein, among others, as members – attracting favorable reviews, playing at concerts and festivals in the US and Europe, often in the company of Joe Henderson, playing a repertory of hard bop and modal jazz pieces. Hubbard played at the Monterey Jazz Festival in 1980 and in 1989 (with Bobby Hutcherson). He and Woody Shaw recorded two albums as co-leaders for Blue Note and played live concerts together from 1985 to 1987. In 1987, he was a co-leader with Benny Golson on the Stardust album. In 1988, he teamed up once more with Blakey at an engagement in the Netherlands, from which came Feel the Wind. In 1988, Hubbard played with Elton John, contributing trumpet and flugelhorn and trumpet solos on the track "Mona Lisas and Mad Hatters (Part Two)" for John's Reg Strikes Back album. In 1990, he appeared in Japan headlining an American-Japanese concert package which also featured Elvin Jones, Sonny Fortune, pianists George Duke and Benny Green, bass players Ron Carter, and Rufus Reid, with jazz vocalist Salena Jones. He also performed at the Warsaw Jazz Festival, at which Live at the Warsaw Jazz Festival (Jazzmen 1992) was recorded.
Following a long setback of health problems and a serious lip injury in 1992 where he ruptured his upper lip and subsequently developed an infection, Hubbard was again playing and recording occasionally, even if not at the high level that he set for himself during his earlier career. His best records ranked with the finest in his field.
Legacy and honors
On December 29, 2008, Hubbard died in Sherman Oaks, California from complications caused by a heart attack he suffered on November 26.
Hubbard had close ties to the Jazz Foundation of America in his later years. He is quoted as saying, "When I had congestive heart failure and couldn't work, The Jazz Foundation paid my mortgage for several months and saved my home! Thank God for those people." The Jazz Foundation of America's Musicians' Emergency Fund took care of him during times of illness. After his death, Hubbard's estate requested that tax-deductible donations be made in his name to the Jazz Foundation of America.
Sortable table with last recording session for each release as primal order.
|Open Sesame||1960||Blue Note||1960|
|Goin' Up||1960||Blue Note||1961|
|Hub Cap||1961||Blue Note||1961|
|Groovy!/Minor Mishap||1961||Fontana/Black Lion||1989|
|Ready for Freddie||1961||Blue Note||1962|
|The Artistry of Freddie Hubbard||1962||Impulse!||1963|
|Here to Stay||1962||Blue Note||1976|
|The Body & the Soul||1963||Impulse!||1964|
|Breaking Point!||1964||Blue Note||1964|
|The Night of the Cookers (Live)||1965||Blue Note||1965|
|Jam Gems: Live at the Left Bank with Jimmy Heath||1965||Label M||2001|
|Blue Spirits||1965–66||Blue Note||1967|
|Fastball: Live at the Left Bank||1967||Hyena||2005|
|High Blues Pressure||1967||Atlantic||1968|
|A Soul Experiment||1968–69||Atlantic||1969|
|Without a Song: Live in Europe 1969||1969||Blue Note||2009|
|The Black Angel||1969||Atlantic||1970|
|The Hub of Hubbard||1969||MPS||1970|
|Sing Me a Song of Songmy with İlhan Mimaroğlu||1970||Atlantic||1971|
|Freddie Hubbard/Stanley Turrentine in Concert Volume One||1973||CTI||1973|
|In Concert Volume Two with Stanley Turrentine||1973||CTI||1973|
|Keep Your Soul Together||1973||CTI||1974|
|Bundle of Joy||1977||Columbia||1977|
|The Love Connection||1979||Columbia||1979|
|Live at the North Sea Jazz Festival||1980||Pablo||1980|
|Mistral||1980||East World (Japan)/Liberty||1981|
|Keystone Bop: Sunday Night (Live) with Joe Henderson & Bobby Hutcherson||1981||Prestige||1982|
|Keystone Bop Vol. 2: Friday & Saturday (Live) with Joe Henderson & Bobby Hutcherson||1981||Prestige||1996|
|Born to Be Blue||1981||Pablo||1982|
|Ride Like the Wind||1981||Elektra/Asylum||1982|
|Above & Beyond (live)||1982||Metropolitan||1999|
|Back to Birdland||1982||Real Time||1983|
|The Rose Tattoo||1983||Baystate||1984|
|Double Take with Woody Shaw||1985||Blue Note||1985|
|Life Flight||1987||Blue Note||1987|
|The Eternal Triangle with Woody Shaw||1987||Blue Note||1987|
|Feel the Wind with Art Blakey||1988||Timeless||1989|
|Times Are Changing||1988||Blue Note||1989|
|Topsy – Standard Book||1989||Alfa||1990|
|At Jazz Jamboree Warszawa '91: A Tribute to Miles||1991||Starburst||2000|
|Live at Fat Tuesday's||1991||MusicMasters||1992|
|Blues for Miles||1992||Alfa||1992|
|MMTC: Monk, Miles, Trane & Cannon||1994–95||MusicMasters||1995|
|New Colors||2000||Hip Bop||2001|
|On the Real Side||2007||Times Square||2008|
- Polar AC (CTI, 1975) – recorded in 1971–73
Sortable table with main artist alphabetically as primal order.
|Main artist||Title||Recorded Year||Label||Released Year|
|Manny Albam||The Soul of the City||1966||Solid State||1966|
|Carl Allen and Manhattan Projects||Piccadilly Square||1989||Timeless||1993|
|Roberto Ávila & Sarava||Come to Brazil||1989||Sonet||1989|
|George Benson||The Other Side of Abbey Road||1969||A&M/CTI||1970|
|Walter Benton||Out of this World||1960||Jazzland||1960|
|Art Blakey||Mosaic||1961||Blue Note||1962|
|Art Blakey||Buhaina's Delight||1961||Blue Note||1963|
|Art Blakey||A Jazz Hour with Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers: Blues March||1961||Jazz Hour||1995|
|Art Blakey||Three Blind Mice||1961–62||United Artists||1962|
|Art Blakey||Free for All||1964||Blue Note||1965|
|Art Blakey||Golden Boy||1963||Colpix||1963|
|Art Blakey||Soul Finger||1965||Limelight||1965|
|The Big Apples||Autumn Leaves||1989||Pony Canyon||2001|
|Tina Brooks||True Blue||1960||Blue Note||1960|
|Kenny Burrell||God Bless the Child||1971||CTI||1971|
|George Cables||Cables' Vision||1979||Contemporary||1980|
|Betty Carter||Droppin' Things||1990||Verve||1990|
|Ornette Coleman||Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation||1960||Atlantic||1961|
|John Coltrane||Olé Coltrane||1961||Atlantic||1961|
|Richard Davis||Muses for Richard Davis||1969||MPS||1970|
|Eric Dolphy||Outward Bound||1960||New Jazz||1960|
|Eric Dolphy||Out to Lunch!||1964||Blue Note||1964|
|Kenny Drew||Undercurrent||1960||Blue Note||1961|
|Charles Earland||Leaving This Planet||1973||Prestige||1974|
|Booker Ervin||Booker 'n' Brass||1967||Pacific Jazz||1967|
|Joe Farrell||Sonic Text||1979||Contemporary||1980|
|Curtis Fuller||Boss of the Soul-Stream Trombone||1960||Warwick||1961|
|Curtis Fuller||Soul Trombone||1961||Impulse!||1961|
|Curtis Fuller||Cabin in the Sky||1962||Impulse!||1962|
|Dizzy Gillespie, Clark Terry and Oscar Peterson||The Trumpet Summit Meets the Oscar Peterson Big 4||1980||Pablo||1980|
|Dizzy Gillespie, Clark Terry and Oscar Peterson||The Alternate Blues||1980||Pablo||1980|
|Benny Golson||Take a Number from 1 to 10||1960–61||Argo||1961|
|Benny Golson||Pop + Jazz = Swing — jazz part also released as Just Jazz!||1962||Audio Fidelity||1962|
|Benny Golson||Time Speaks||1982||Baystate||1983|
|Dexter Gordon||Doin' Allright||1961||Blue Note||1961|
|Dexter Gordon||Clubhouse||1965||Blue Note||1979|
|Dexter Gordon||The Other Side of Round Midnight||1985||Blue Note||1986|
|Slide Hampton||Slide Hampton and His Horn of Plenty||1959||Strand||1959|
|Slide Hampton||Sister Salvation||1960||Atlantic||1960|
|Slide Hampton||Drum Suite||1962||Epic||1964|
|Herbie Hancock||Takin' Off||1962||Blue Note||1962|
|Herbie Hancock||Empyrean Isles||1964||Blue Note||1964|
|Herbie Hancock||Maiden Voyage||1965||Blue Note||1965|
|Herbie Hancock||V.S.O.P. The Quintet||1977||Columbia||1977|
|Herbie Hancock||V.S.O.P. Tempest in the Colosseum||1977||CBS/Sony||1977|
|Herbie Hancock||V.S.O.P. Live Under the Sky||1979||CBS/Sony||1979|
|Herbie Hancock||Round Midnight (soundtrack)||1985||Columbia||1986|
|Jimmy Heath||The Quota||1961||Riverside||1961|
|Jimmy Heath||Triple Threat||1961||Riverside||1962|
|Joe Henderson||Big Band||1996||Verve||1997|
|Andrew Hill||Pax||1965||Blue Note||2006|
|Andrew Hill||Compulsion!!!!!||1965||Blue Note||1967|
|Bobby Hutcherson||Dialogue||1965||Blue Note||1965|
|Bobby Hutcherson||Components||1965||Blue Note||1966|
|Bobby Hutcherson||Knucklebean||1977||Blue Note||1977|
|Bobby Hutcherson||Highway One||1978||Columbia||1978|
|Milt Jackson||Goodbye— trumpet on "S.K.J." only||1972||CTI||1974|
|Billy Joel||52nd Street — trumpet on "Zanzibar" only||1978||Columbia||1978|
|Elton John||Reg Strikes Back||1987–88||Rocket/Mercury||1988|
|J. J. Johnson||J.J. Inc.||1960||Columbia||1961|
|Quincy Jones||I Dig Dancers||1960||Mercury||1961|
|Quincy Jones||The Quintessence||1961||Impulse!||1962|
|Quincy Jones||Golden Boy||1964||Mercury||1964|
|Quincy Jones||I/We Had a Ball||1964–65||Limelight||1965|
|Quincy Jones||Walking in Space||1969||A&M/CTI||1969|
|Quincy Jones||Gula Matari||1970||A&M||1970|
|Chaka Khan||Echoes of an Era||1981–82||Blue Note||1982|
|Mel Lewis||Mel Lewis and Friends||1976||A&M/Horizon||1977|
|Jeff Lorber||Water Sign||1979||Arista||1979|
|Ronnie Mathews||Doin' the Thang!||1963||Prestige||1964|
|The Modern Jazz Quartet||MJQ & Friends: A 40th Anniversary Celebration||1992–93||Atlantic||1994|
|Wes Montgomery||Fingerpickin'||1957–58||Pacific Jazz||1958|
|Wes Montgomery||Road Song||1968||A&M||1968|
|Hank Mobley||Roll Call||1960||Blue Note||1961|
|Alphonse Mouzon||By All Means||1980||Pausa||1980|
|Oliver Nelson||The Blues and the Abstract Truth||1961||Impulse!||1961|
|Duke Pearson||Dedication!/Minor Mishap (Hubbard)||1961||Prestige/Black Lion||1970/1989|
|Duke Pearson||Sweet Honey Bee||1966||Blue Note||1967|
|Duke Pearson||The Right Touch||1967||Blue Note||1968|
|Oscar Peterson||Face to Face||1982||Pablo||1982|
|Sam Rivers||Contours||1965||Blue Note||1967|
|Max Roach||Drums Unlimited||1965–66||Atlantic||1965|
|Sonny Rollins||East Broadway Run Down||1966||Impulse!||1966|
|Poncho Sanchez||Cambios||1991||Concord Picante||1991|
|Lalo Schifrin||Once a Thief and Other Themes||1965||Verve||1965|
|Don Sebesky||Giant Box||1973||CTI||1973|
|Wayne Shorter||Wayning Moments||1961||Vee-Jay||1962|
|Wayne Shorter||Speak No Evil||1964||Blue Note||1966|
|Wayne Shorter||The Soothsayer||1965||Blue Note||1979|
|Wayne Shorter||The All Seeing Eye||1965||Blue Note||1966|
|Leon Thomas||A Piece of Cake||1980||Palcoscenico||1980|
|Stanley Turrentine||More Than a Mood||1992||MusicMasters||1992|
|McCoy Tyner||Quartets 4 X 4 — on three tracks as part of one quartet||1980||Milestone||1980|
|Randy Weston||Uhuru Afrika||1960||Roulette||1961|
|Randy Weston||Blue Moses||1972||CTI||1972|
|V.A.||One Night with Blue Note Preserved||1985||Blue Note||1985|
- 1981 – Studiolive (Sony)
- 1985 – One Night with Blue Note
- 2004 – Live at the Village Vanguard (Immortal)
- 2005 – All Blues (FS World Jazz)
- 2009 – Freddie Hubbard: One of a Kind
- "Freddie Hubbard Dies". Downbeat. December 29, 2008. Archived from the original on June 16, 2013. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- Scott Yanow. "Freddie Hubbard | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Who's Who of Jazz (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. p. 216. ISBN 0-85112-580-8.
- Martin Williams, sleeve notes to Free Jazz (1960)
- "Freddie Hubbard The Blue Note Years 1960–1965". Dan Miller Jazz. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- "Freddie Hubbard", NEA Jazz Masters, 2006.
- Larkin, Colin. The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music, Guinness (1995), pp. 2018–2019 – ISBN 1-56159-176-9
- Berendt, Joachim E (1976). The Jazz Book. Paladin. p. 191.
- Scott Yanow, Jazz on Record: The First Sixty Years, Backbeat Books, 2003, p. 821 – ISBN 0-87930-755-2
- Thom Jurek. "First Light – Freddie Hubbard | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- "LoroMusic.com and Gopam Enterprises". Gopammusic.com. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- "Freddie Hubbard @ All About Jazz". Allaboutjazz.com. Archived from the original on May 11, 2012. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- Yanow, Scott. Jazz: A Regional Exploration, Greenwood Press, 2005, p. 184 – ISBN 0-313-32871-4
- Heckman, Don (December 30, 2008). "Freddie Hubbard, jazz trumpeter, dies at 70". Los Angeles Times.
- "Freddie Hubbard" Archived April 7, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Jazz Foundation of America.
- "A piece of cake – Leon Thomas – Muziekweb".
- "Together – McCoy Tyner | Songs, Reviews, Credits | AllMusic" – via www.allmusic.com.
- "Studiolive – Freddie Hubbard | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- "One Night with Blue Note Preserved – Various Artists | Songs, Reviews, Credits | AllMusic" – via www.allmusic.com.
- "Live at the Village Vanguard – Freddie Hubbard | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. June 29, 2004. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- "All Blues [DVD] – Freddie Hubbard | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. July 19, 2005. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- "One of a Kind – Freddie Hubbard | User Reviews | AllMusic" – via www.allmusic.com.