Freddie Hubbard

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Freddie Hubbard
Hubbard performing in Rochester, New York, 1976
Hubbard performing in
Rochester, New York, 1976
Background information
Birth nameFrederick Dwayne Hubbard
Born(1938-04-07)April 7, 1938
Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.
DiedDecember 29, 2008(2008-12-29) (aged 70)
Sherman Oaks, California, U.S.
GenresJazz
Occupation(s)
  • Musician
  • bandleader
  • composer
Instruments
Years active1958–2008
Labels

Frederick Dewayne Hubbard (April 7, 1938 – December 29, 2008) was an American jazz trumpeter.[1] He played bebop, hard bop, and post-bop styles from the early 1960s onwards. His unmistakable and influential tone contributed to new perspectives for modern jazz and bebop.[2]

Career beginnings[edit]

Hubbard started playing the mellophone and trumpet in his school band at Arsenal Technical High School in Indianapolis, Indiana. Trumpeter Lee Katzman, former sideman with Stan Kenton, recommended that he begin studying at the Arthur Jordan Conservatory of Music (now the Jordan College of the Arts at Butler University) with Max Woodbury, the principal trumpeter of the Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra. In his teens, Hubbard worked locally with brothers Wes and Monk Montgomery,[3] and worked with bassist Larry Ridley and saxophonist James Spaulding. In 1958, at the age of 20, he moved to New York and began playing with some of the best jazz players of the era, including Philly Joe Jones, Sonny Rollins, Slide Hampton, Eric Dolphy, J. J. Johnson, and Quincy Jones.[3] On June 19, 1960, Hubbard made his first record as a leader, Open Sesame, at the beginning of his contract with Blue Note Records, with saxophonist Tina Brooks, pianist McCoy Tyner, bassist Sam Jones, and drummer Clifford Jarvis. Six days later he returned the favor to Brooks and recorded with him on True Blue.

1960s[edit]

In December 1960, Hubbard was invited to play on Ornette Coleman's Free Jazz, after Coleman had heard him performing with Don Cherry.[4]

Then in May 1961, Hubbard played on Olé Coltrane, John Coltrane's final recording session for Atlantic Records. Coltrane also hired Hubbard, Eric Dolphy and Art Davis, who all appeared Olé, to record Africa/Brass, Coltrane's first album with Impulse!, which was begun just after Olé. In August 1961, Hubbard recorded Ready for Freddie (Blue Note), which was also his first collaboration with saxophonist Wayne Shorter. Hubbard became Shorter's bandmate when he replaced Lee Morgan in Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers later in 1961.[3] He played on more than 10 live and studio recordings with Blakey during one of the most acclaimed eras of the Jazz Messengers, including Caravan, Ugetsu, Mosaic, and Free for All. In all, during the 1960s, he recorded eight studio albums as a bandleader for Blue Note, and more than two dozen as a sideman.[5] Hubbard remained with Blakey until 1966, leaving to form the first of several small groups of his own, which featured, among others, his Blue note associate James Spaulding, pianist Kenny Barron and drummer Louis Hayes.[3] This group recorded for Atlantic.

It was during this time that he began to develop his own sound, distancing himself from the early influences of Clifford Brown and Morgan, and won the DownBeat jazz magazine "New Star" award on trumpet.[6]

Throughout the 1960s, Hubbard played as a sideman on some of the most important albums from that era, including Oliver Nelson's The Blues and the Abstract Truth, Eric Dolphy's Out to Lunch!, Herbie Hancock's Maiden Voyage, and Wayne Shorter's Speak No Evil.[7] Hubbard was described as "the most brilliant trumpeter of a generation of musicians who stand with one foot in 'tonal' jazz and the other in the atonal camp".[8] Though he never fully embraced the free jazz of the 1960s, he appeared on two of its landmark albums: Coleman's Free Jazz and Coltrane's Ascension, as well as on Sonny Rollins' "new thing" track, "East Broadway Run Down" (on the 1966 album of the same name), with Elvin Jones and Jimmy Garrison.

1970s[edit]

Hubbard with Harry Abraham

Hubbard achieved his greatest popular success in the 1970s with a series of albums for Creed Taylor and his record label CTI Records, overshadowing Stanley Turrentine, Hubert Laws, and George Benson.[9] Although his early 1970s jazz albums Red Clay, First Light, Straight Life, and Sky Dive were particularly well received and considered among his best work, the albums he recorded later in the decade were attacked by critics for their commercialism. First Light won a 1972 Grammy Award and included pianists Herbie Hancock and Richard Wyands, guitarists Eric Gale and George Benson, bassist Ron Carter, drummer Jack DeJohnette, and percussionist Airto Moreira.[10] In 1994, Hubbard, collaborating with Chicago jazz vocalist/co-writer Catherine Whitney, had lyrics set to the music of First Light.[11]

In 1977, Hubbard joined the all-start V.S.O.P. band, which also featured Herbie Hancock, Tony Williams, Ron Carter and Wayne Shorter. All of the band's members except Hubbard were members of the mid-1960s Miles Davis Quintet.[3] Several live recordings of this group were released as V.S.O.P, V.S.O.P. The Quintet, V.S.O.P. Tempest in the Colosseum (all 1977) and V.S.O.P. Live Under the Sky (1979).[2]

Hubbard's trumpet playing was featured on the track "Zanzibar" from the 1978 Billy Joel album 52nd Street (the 1979 Grammy Award Winner for Best Album). The track ends with a fade during Hubbard's performance. An unfaded version was released on the 2004 Billy Joel boxed set My Lives.

Later life[edit]

In the 1980s Hubbard was again leading his own jazz group – this time with Billy Childs and Larry Klein, among others, as members – attracting favorable reviews, playing at concerts and festivals in the US and Europe, often in the company of Joe Henderson, playing a repertory of hard bop and modal jazz pieces.[3] Hubbard played at the Monterey Jazz Festival in 1980 and in 1989 (with Bobby Hutcherson). He and Woody Shaw recorded two albums as co-leaders for Blue Note and played live concerts together from 1985 to 1987. In 1987, he was a co-leader with Benny Golson on the Stardust album.[3] In 1988, he teamed up once more with Blakey at an engagement in the Netherlands, from which came Feel the Wind.[3] In 1988, Hubbard played with Elton John, contributing trumpet and flugelhorn and trumpet solos on the track "Mona Lisas and Mad Hatters (Part Two)" for John's Reg Strikes Back album. In 1990, he appeared in Japan headlining an American-Japanese concert package which also featured Elvin Jones, Sonny Fortune, pianists George Duke and Benny Green, bass players Ron Carter, and Rufus Reid, with jazz vocalist Salena Jones.[3] He also performed at the Warsaw Jazz Festival, at which Live at the Warsaw Jazz Festival (Jazzmen 1992) was recorded.[2]

Following a long setback of health problems and a serious lip injury in 1992 where he ruptured his upper lip and subsequently developed an infection, Hubbard was again playing and recording occasionally, even if not at the high level that he set for himself during his earlier career.[12] His best records ranked with the finest in his field.[13]

Legacy and honors[edit]

In 2006, the National Endowment for the Arts accorded Hubbard its highest honor in jazz, the NEA Jazz Masters Award.[6]

On December 29, 2008, Hubbard died in Sherman Oaks, California from complications caused by a heart attack he suffered on November 26.[14]

Hubbard had close ties to the Jazz Foundation of America in his later years. He is quoted as saying, "When I had congestive heart failure and couldn't work, The Jazz Foundation paid my mortgage for several months and saved my home! Thank God for those people."[15] The Jazz Foundation of America's Musicians' Emergency Fund took care of him during times of illness. After his death, Hubbard's estate requested that tax-deductible donations be made in his name to the Jazz Foundation of America.[15]

Discography[edit]

As leader/co-leader[edit]

Sortable table with last recording session for each release as primal order.

Title Recorded
year
Label Released
year
Open Sesame 1960 Blue Note 1960
Goin' Up 1960 Blue Note 1961
Hub Cap 1961 Blue Note 1961
Groovy!/Minor Mishap 1961 Fontana/Black Lion 1989
Ready for Freddie 1961 Blue Note 1962
The Artistry of Freddie Hubbard 1962 Impulse! 1963
Hub-Tones 1962 Blue Note 1963
Here to Stay 1962 Blue Note 1976
The Body & the Soul 1963 Impulse! 1964
Breaking Point! 1964 Blue Note 1964
The Night of the Cookers (Live) 1965 Blue Note 1965
Jam Gems: Live at the Left Bank with Jimmy Heath 1965 Label M 2001
Blue Spirits 1965–66 Blue Note 1967
Backlash 1966 Atlantic 1967
Fastball: Live at the Left Bank 1967 Hyena 2005
High Blues Pressure 1967 Atlantic 1968
A Soul Experiment 1968–69 Atlantic 1969
Without a Song: Live in Europe 1969 1969 Blue Note 2009
The Black Angel 1969 Atlantic 1970
The Hub of Hubbard 1969 MPS 1970
Red Clay 1970 CTI 1970
Straight Life 1970 CTI 1970
Sing Me a Song of Songmy with İlhan Mimaroğlu 1970 Atlantic 1971
First Light 1970 CTI 1971
Sky Dive 1972 CTI 1973
Freddie Hubbard/Stanley Turrentine in Concert Volume One 1973 CTI 1973
In Concert Volume Two with Stanley Turrentine 1973 CTI 1973
Keep Your Soul Together 1973 CTI 1974
High Energy 1974 Columbia 1974
Gleam (Live) 1975 CBS/Sony 1975
Liquid Love 1975 Columbia 1975
Windjammer 1976 Columbia 1976
Bundle of Joy 1977 Columbia 1977
Super Blue 1978 Columbia 1978
The Love Connection 1979 Columbia 1979
Skagly 1979 Columbia 1979
Live at the North Sea Jazz Festival 1980 Pablo 1980
Mistral 1980 East World (Japan)/Liberty 1981
Outpost 1981 Enja 1981
Splash ? Fantasy 1981
Rollin' (Live) 1981 MPS 1982
Keystone Bop: Sunday Night (Live) with Joe Henderson & Bobby Hutcherson 1981 Prestige 1982
Keystone Bop Vol. 2: Friday & Saturday (Live) with Joe Henderson & Bobby Hutcherson 1981 Prestige 1996
Born to Be Blue 1981 Pablo 1982
Ride Like the Wind 1981 Elektra/Asylum 1982
Above & Beyond (live) 1982 Metropolitan 1999
Back to Birdland 1982 Real Time 1983
Sweet Return 1983 Atlantic 1983
The Rose Tattoo 1983 Baystate 1984
Double Take with Woody Shaw 1985 Blue Note 1985
Life Flight 1987 Blue Note 1987
The Eternal Triangle with Woody Shaw 1987 Blue Note 1987
Feel the Wind with Art Blakey 1988 Timeless 1989
Times Are Changing 1988 Blue Note 1989
Topsy – Standard Book 1989 Alfa 1990
Bolivia 1990–91 MusicMasters 1991
At Jazz Jamboree Warszawa '91: A Tribute to Miles 1991 Starburst 2000
Live at Fat Tuesday's 1991 MusicMasters 1992
Blues for Miles 1992 Alfa 1992
MMTC: Monk, Miles, Trane & Cannon 1994–95 MusicMasters 1995
New Colors 2000 Hip Bop 2001
On the Real Side 2007 Times Square 2008

Compilation

  • Polar AC (CTI, 1975) – recorded in 1971–73

As sideman[edit]

Sortable table with main artist alphabetically as primal order.

Main artist Title Recorded Year Label Released Year
Manny Albam The Soul of the City 1966 Solid State 1966
Carl Allen and Manhattan Projects Piccadilly Square 1989 Timeless 1993
Roberto Ávila & Sarava Come to Brazil 1989 Sonet 1989
George Benson The Other Side of Abbey Road 1969 A&M/CTI 1970
Walter Benton Out of this World 1960 Jazzland 1960
Art Blakey Mosaic 1961 Blue Note 1962
Art Blakey Buhaina's Delight 1961 Blue Note 1963
Art Blakey A Jazz Hour with Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers: Blues March 1961 Jazz Hour 1995
Art Blakey Three Blind Mice 1961–62 United Artists 1962
Art Blakey Caravan 1962 Riverside 1963
Art Blakey Ugetsu 1963 Riverside 1963
Art Blakey Kyoto 1964 Riverside 1966
Art Blakey Free for All 1964 Blue Note 1965
Art Blakey Golden Boy 1963 Colpix 1963
Art Blakey Soul Finger 1965 Limelight 1965
The Big Apples Autumn Leaves 1989 Pony Canyon 2001
Tina Brooks True Blue 1960 Blue Note 1960
Kenny Burrell God Bless the Child 1971 CTI 1971
George Cables Cables' Vision 1979 Contemporary 1980
Betty Carter Droppin' Things 1990 Verve 1990
Paul Chambers Go 1959 Vee-Jay 1959
Ornette Coleman Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation 1960 Atlantic 1961
John Coltrane Olé Coltrane 1961 Atlantic 1961
John Coltrane Africa/Brass 1961 Impulse! 1961
John Coltrane Ascension 1965 Impulse! 1966
Richard Davis Muses for Richard Davis 1969 MPS 1970
Eric Dolphy Outward Bound 1960 New Jazz 1960
Eric Dolphy Out to Lunch! 1964 Blue Note 1964
Kenny Drew Undercurrent 1960 Blue Note 1961
Charles Earland Leaving This Planet 1973 Prestige 1974
Booker Ervin Booker 'n' Brass 1967 Pacific Jazz 1967
Bill Evans Interplay 1962 Riverside 1963
Joe Farrell Sonic Text 1979 Contemporary 1980
Curtis Fuller Boss of the Soul-Stream Trombone 1960 Warwick 1961
Curtis Fuller Soul Trombone 1961 Impulse! 1961
Curtis Fuller Cabin in the Sky 1962 Impulse! 1962
Dizzy Gillespie, Clark Terry and Oscar Peterson The Trumpet Summit Meets the Oscar Peterson Big 4 1980 Pablo 1980
Dizzy Gillespie, Clark Terry and Oscar Peterson The Alternate Blues 1980 Pablo 1980
Benny Golson Take a Number from 1 to 10 1960–61 Argo 1961
Benny Golson Pop + Jazz = Swingjazz part also released as Just Jazz! 1962 Audio Fidelity 1962
Benny Golson Time Speaks 1982 Baystate 1983
Benny Golson Stardust 1987 Denon 1987
Dexter Gordon Doin' Allright 1961 Blue Note 1961
Dexter Gordon Clubhouse 1965 Blue Note 1979
Dexter Gordon Generation 1972 Prestige 1973
Dexter Gordon The Other Side of Round Midnight 1985 Blue Note 1986
Slide Hampton Slide Hampton and His Horn of Plenty 1959 Strand 1959
Slide Hampton Sister Salvation 1960 Atlantic 1960
Slide Hampton Drum Suite 1962 Epic 1964
Herbie Hancock Takin' Off 1962 Blue Note 1962
Herbie Hancock Empyrean Isles 1964 Blue Note 1964
Herbie Hancock Maiden Voyage 1965 Blue Note 1965
Herbie Hancock Blow-Up 1966 MGM 1967
Herbie Hancock V.S.O.P. 1976 Columbia 1977
Herbie Hancock V.S.O.P. The Quintet 1977 Columbia 1977
Herbie Hancock V.S.O.P. Tempest in the Colosseum 1977 CBS/Sony 1977
Herbie Hancock V.S.O.P. Live Under the Sky 1979 CBS/Sony 1979
Herbie Hancock Round Midnight (soundtrack) 1985 Columbia 1986
Jimmy Heath The Quota 1961 Riverside 1961
Jimmy Heath Triple Threat 1961 Riverside 1962
Joe Henderson Big Band 1996 Verve 1997
Andrew Hill Pax 1965 Blue Note 2006
Andrew Hill Compulsion!!!!! 1965 Blue Note 1967
Bobby Hutcherson Dialogue 1965 Blue Note 1965
Bobby Hutcherson Components 1965 Blue Note 1966
Bobby Hutcherson Knucklebean 1977 Blue Note 1977
Bobby Hutcherson Highway One 1978 Columbia 1978
Milt Jackson Sunflower 1972 CTI 1973
Milt Jackson Goodbyetrumpet on "S.K.J." only 1972 CTI 1974
Billy Joel 52nd Streettrumpet on "Zanzibar" only 1978 Columbia 1978
Elton John Reg Strikes Back 1987–88 Rocket/Mercury 1988
J. J. Johnson J.J. Inc. 1960 Columbia 1961
Quincy Jones I Dig Dancers 1960 Mercury 1961
Quincy Jones The Quintessence 1961 Impulse! 1962
Quincy Jones Golden Boy 1964 Mercury 1964
Quincy Jones I/We Had a Ball 1964–65 Limelight 1965
Quincy Jones Walking in Space 1969 A&M/CTI 1969
Quincy Jones Gula Matari 1970 A&M 1970
Chaka Khan Echoes of an Era 1981–82 Blue Note 1982
John Lewis Essence 1960–62 Atlantic 1965
Mel Lewis Mel Lewis and Friends 1976 A&M/Horizon 1977
Kirk Lightsey Temptation 1991 Timeless 1991
Jeff Lorber Water Sign 1979 Arista 1979
Ronnie Mathews Doin' the Thang! 1963 Prestige 1964
Jackie McLean Bluesnik 1961 Elektra/Musician 1962
The Modern Jazz Quartet MJQ & Friends: A 40th Anniversary Celebration 1992–93 Atlantic 1994
Wes Montgomery Fingerpickin' 1957–58 Pacific Jazz 1958
Wes Montgomery Road Song 1968 A&M 1968
Hank Mobley Roll Call 1960 Blue Note 1961
Alphonse Mouzon By All Means 1980 Pausa 1980
Oliver Nelson The Blues and the Abstract Truth 1961 Impulse! 1961
Cecil Payne Cerupa 1993 Delmark 1995
Duke Pearson Dedication!/Minor Mishap (Hubbard) 1961 Prestige/Black Lion 1970/1989
Duke Pearson Sweet Honey Bee 1966 Blue Note 1967
Duke Pearson The Right Touch 1967 Blue Note 1968
Oscar Peterson Face to Face 1982 Pablo 1982
Sam Rivers Contours 1965 Blue Note 1967
Max Roach Drums Unlimited 1965–66 Atlantic 1965
Sonny Rollins East Broadway Run Down 1966 Impulse! 1966
Rufus Numbers ? ABC 1979
Poncho Sanchez Cambios 1991 Concord Picante 1991
Lalo Schifrin Once a Thief and Other Themes 1965 Verve 1965
Don Sebesky Giant Box 1973 CTI 1973
Wayne Shorter Wayning Moments 1961 Vee-Jay 1962
Wayne Shorter Speak No Evil 1964 Blue Note 1966
Wayne Shorter The Soothsayer 1965 Blue Note 1979
Wayne Shorter The All Seeing Eye 1965 Blue Note 1966
Leon Thomas A Piece of Cake 1980 Palcoscenico 1980[16]
Stanley Turrentine Sugar 1970 CTI 1970
Stanley Turrentine More Than a Mood 1992 MusicMasters 1992
McCoy Tyner Together 1978 Milestone 1979[17]
McCoy Tyner Quartets 4 X 4on three tracks as part of one quartet 1980 Milestone 1980
Cedar Walton Soundscapes 1980 Columbia 1980
Randy Weston Uhuru Afrika 1960 Roulette 1961
Randy Weston Blue Moses 1972 CTI 1972
V.A. One Night with Blue Note Preserved 1985 Blue Note 1985

Filmography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Freddie Hubbard Dies". Downbeat. December 29, 2008. Archived from the original on June 16, 2013. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c Scott Yanow. "Freddie Hubbard | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Who's Who of Jazz (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. p. 216. ISBN 0-85112-580-8.
  4. ^ Martin Williams, sleeve notes to Free Jazz (1960)
  5. ^ "Freddie Hubbard The Blue Note Years 1960–1965". Dan Miller Jazz. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  6. ^ a b "Freddie Hubbard", NEA Jazz Masters, 2006.
  7. ^ Larkin, Colin. The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music, Guinness (1995), pp. 2018–2019 – ISBN 1-56159-176-9
  8. ^ Berendt, Joachim E (1976). The Jazz Book. Paladin. p. 191.
  9. ^ Scott Yanow, Jazz on Record: The First Sixty Years, Backbeat Books, 2003, p. 821 – ISBN 0-87930-755-2
  10. ^ Thom Jurek. "First Light – Freddie Hubbard | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  11. ^ "LoroMusic.com and Gopam Enterprises". Gopammusic.com. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  12. ^ "Freddie Hubbard @ All About Jazz". Allaboutjazz.com. Archived from the original on May 11, 2012. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  13. ^ Yanow, Scott. Jazz: A Regional Exploration, Greenwood Press, 2005, p. 184 – ISBN 0-313-32871-4
  14. ^ Heckman, Don (December 30, 2008). "Freddie Hubbard, jazz trumpeter, dies at 70". Los Angeles Times.
  15. ^ a b "Freddie Hubbard" Archived April 7, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Jazz Foundation of America.
  16. ^ "A piece of cake – Leon Thomas – Muziekweb".
  17. ^ "Together – McCoy Tyner | Songs, Reviews, Credits | AllMusic" – via www.allmusic.com.
  18. ^ "Studiolive – Freddie Hubbard | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  19. ^ "One Night with Blue Note Preserved – Various Artists | Songs, Reviews, Credits | AllMusic" – via www.allmusic.com.
  20. ^ "Live at the Village Vanguard – Freddie Hubbard | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. June 29, 2004. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  21. ^ "All Blues [DVD] – Freddie Hubbard | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. July 19, 2005. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
  22. ^ "One of a Kind – Freddie Hubbard | User Reviews | AllMusic" – via www.allmusic.com.

External links[edit]