Sir Frederic Mackarness Bennett, (2 December 1918 – 14 September 2002), Knight Bachelor (1964), was a journalist, a barrister and a Conservative Party Member of Parliament. He was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1985, and a Deputy Lieutenant for Greater London in 1990. He was Lord of the Manor of Mawddwy, Wales.
The second son of Sir Ernest Nathaniel Bennett, (died 1947) of Cwmllecoediog, Aberangell, Machynlleth, Wales, by his wife Marguerite (née Kleinwort), Bennett was educated at Westminster School, and Lincoln's Inn, and was called to the English Bar in November 1946. He subsequently served as an Advocate in the High Court of Southern Rhodesia from March 1947, and in 1947 he made the first overland car journey from South Africa to England.
From 1947 to 1949 he was an Official Observer in the Greek Civil War, becoming diplomatic correspondent for the Birmingham Post newspaper, from 1950 to 1952. Later a director in various financial and industrial institutions in the United Kingdom and overseas, he was also an underwriter at Lloyd's.
He married in 1945, Marion Patricia, daughter of Major Cecil Burnham, OBE, Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons (Edinburgh).
In 1939 Bennett enlisted in the Middlesex Yeomanry. He was commissioned as an officer into the Royal Artillery in 1940; commended for gallantry in 1941; was Military Experimental Officer in the Petroleum Warfare Department, 1943–1946, then released to reserve with the permanent rank of Major.
At the 1945 general election, Bennett was an unsuccessful candidate in the Burslem constituency, in Staffordshire. At the 1950 general election, he stood in the Birmingham Ladywood constituency, again unsuccessfully.
The following year, at the 1951 general election, he was finally elected to the House of Commons as Member of Parliament (MP) for Reading North. When that constituency was abolished for the general election in May 1955, Bennett stood for in election in the new Reading seat, but lost by 238 votes to Labour's Ian Mikardo, the outgoing MP for the abolished Reading South constituency.
In October 1955, the MP for Torquay, Charles Williams, died after more than thirty years as the town's MP. Bennett was selected as Conservative candidate for the resulting by-election, which he won with a majority of over 10,000 votes. He represented Torquay until the constituency was abolished for the February 1974 general election, when he was returned to Parliament for the new Torbay constituency. He held that seat until he retired from the Commons at the 1987 general election.
He was Parliamentary Private Secretary to Reginald Maudling from 1953–1955; to the Minister of Supply 1956-1957; the Paymaster-General 1957-1959; to the President of the Board of Trade, 1959-1961. He was Leader of the UK Delegation, and Chairman of the Council of Europe and Western European Union Assemblies, 1979-1987. He was also sometime chairman of the European Democrats political group in the Council of Europe.
Bennett headed the list of the Secretariat for the European Freedom Campaign, an anti-communist group established in London at an Inaugural Rally at Westminster Central Hall on 10 December 1988. This group's co-ordinating committee consisted almost exclusively of representatives from countries behind the Iron Curtain.
Bennett had wide-ranging interests: he was a member of The Primrose League, and their Guest-of-Honour at a dinner held on 5 March 1979 in the Cholmondely Room, House of Lords, hosted by The Lord Mowbray and Stourton. He was sometime President of the Anglo-Turkish Society - he had an Honorary Doctorate of Law from the University of Istanbul, 1984, and was granted the Freedom of the City of Ankara in 1992. He was a member of the Anglo-Polish Society, the Council of the Baltic Sea States, the Estonian Association, the Anglo-Jordanian Society, the Pakistan Society, and was a Vice-President of the European-Atlantic Group. Between 1959 and 1984 - the year he was also made a Freeman of the City of London - he attended twenty of the yearly Bilderberg Group conferences. He was a member of the group's Steering Committee. He was the recipient of a small catalogue of foreign honours and awards of merit.
He had a home in St. David's, Bermuda, but his principal residence was his father's estate in Wales. He died in 2002.
- Bennett, Frederic, Speaking Frankly, London, 1960.
- Bennett, Sir Frederic, Détente and Security in Europe, London, 1976.
- Bennett, Sir Frederic, Ulster - Fear is the Key, London, 1978.
- Bennett, Sir Frederic, China and European Security, London, 1979, (2nd ed. 1980).
- Bennett, Sir Frederic, Reds under the Bed, or the Enemy at the Gate - and Within, London, 1979, (3rd edition, 1982).
- Bennett, Sir Frederic, Impact of Individual & Corporate Incentives on Productivity and Standard of Living, London, 1980.
- Bennett, Sir Frederic, Electoral Reform, London, 1996.
- Bennett, Sir Frederic, Kashmir - Still Speaking Frankly, London, 1997.
- Dod's Parliamentary Companion 1973, 160th edition, published by Sell's Publications Ltd., Epsom, Surrey.
- Black, A & C, Who's Who 2000, London, ISBN 0-7136-5158-X
- Crookes, John, with Alison Green (editors), Debrett's People of Today 2001, 14th annual edition, London, ISBN 1-870520-64-5
- Obituary: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2002/09/18/db1802.xml
- Roth, Andrew (20 September 2002). "Sir Frederic Bennett (obituary)". The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-03-14.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Frederic Bennett
- Portraits of Sir Frederic Mackarness Bennett at the National Portrait Gallery, London
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Reading North
|Member of Parliament for Torquay
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for Torbay