Frederic C. Howe

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Frederic C. Howe
Portrait of Frederic C. Howe.jpg
Member of the Cleveland City Council
In office
1901 – ?
Personal details
BornFrederic Clemson Howe
(1867-11-21)November 21, 1867
DiedAugust 3, 1940(1940-08-03) (aged 72)
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Marie Jenney Howe
Alma materMiami University
Johns Hopkins University
Allegheny College

Frederic Clemson Howe (November 21, 1867 – August 3, 1940) was a member of the Ohio Senate, a dedicated yet flexible Georgist[1] (advocate of a single tax), Commissioner of Immigration of the Port of New York, and published author. He was also president of the League for Small and Subject Nationalities.[2]


He received a bachelor's degree from Allegheny College in 1889 and a Ph.D from Johns Hopkins University in 1892. In 1901, he was elected to Cleveland City Council, Ohio as a Republican. During his tenure, he became a key advisor to Tom L. Johnson, mayor of Cleveland at that time. He ran for reelection as an independent, but lost. In 1904, he married Marie Jenney. He studied law at Miami University in Ohio.

In 1919, Howe was targeted during a bombing spree, but was unharmed.[3]

On 27 July 1933, George N. Peek, head of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration appointed Howe as the head of the Consumers' Counsel.[4] Howe was associated with other left-wing members of the Roosevelt administration.

Rexford Tugwell claimed that Howe was "the subject of vitriolic attacks by the business interests" and was "pictured as a Red".[5] Chester R. Davis now decided to get rid of Howe. He later recalled: "Fred Howe was a man of high ideals and very practical sense. He was the 'turn the other cheek' type. He was a well-meaning man who permitted his organization to be loaded down with a group of people who were more concerned with stirring up discontent than they were with achieving the objectives of the act." [6]

Howe is buried in Meadville, Pennsylvania.


  1. ^ Howe, Frederic C. The Confessions of a Reformer. Kent, OH: Kent State UP, 1988.
  2. ^
  3. ^ Red Scare: A Study in National Hysteria, 1919-1920, by Robert K. Murray; published 1955 by University of Minnesota Press
  4. ^
  5. ^ Rexford Tugwell, Roosevelt's Revolution (1977) page 355
  6. ^ Chester R. Davis, Reminiscences (1953) page 313


  • (1896). Taxation and Taxes in the United States.
  • (1897). The City of Cleveland in Relation to the Street Railway Question.
  • (1905). The City: the Hope of Democracy.
  • (1906). The Confessions of a Monopolist.
  • (1907). The British City: The Beginnings of Democracy.
  • (1910). Privilege and Democracy in America.
  • (1912). Wisconsin: An Experiment in Democracy.
  • (1913). European Cities at Work.
  • (1914). The Modern City and Its Problems.
  • (1915). Socialized Germany.
  • (1916). Why War.
  • (1917). The High Cost of Living.
  • (1919). The Land and the Soldier.
  • (1919). The Only Possible Peace.
  • (1921). Denmark: a Cooperative Commonwealth.
  • (1921). Revolution and Democracy.
  • (1925). The Confessions of a Reformer.


  • Breamner, Robert H. (1949). "Honest Man's Story: Frederic C. Howe," The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 413–422.
  • Miller, Kenneth E. (2010). From Progressive to New Dealer: Frederic C. Howe and American Liberalism. Penn State University Press.
  • Rippley, LaVern J. (1988). "Charles McCarthy and Frederic C. Howe: Their Imperial German Sources for the Wisconsin Idea in Progressive Politics," Monatshefte, Vol. 80, No. 1, pp. 67–81.

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