Frederic Hauge

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Frederic Hauge in Stavanger 2008.

Frederic Hauge (born 15 August 1965) is a Norwegian environmental activist. He is head of the Bellona Foundation which he co-founded in 1986.

Early activism[edit]

Born in Sandefjord, Norway, Hauge was active in the environmental organization Natur og Ungdom as a schoolboy, and eventually dropped out of secondary school to concentrate full-time on environmental issues. In 1985 he emerged as leader of a small group of environmental activists who received broad press coverage of their nontraditional methods. Among their focus was pointing out locations where toxic industrial waste had been buried. They also fought against plans for disposal of hazardous waste from titanium mines into Jøssingfjorden. In 1986 he co-founded the Bellona Foundation, which continued the activist style.[1][2] The early history of Bellona was subject for a documentary book already in 1988, Bellona. Gudinna som ble vaktbikkje, written by Ingvar Ambjørnsen.[3]


Hauge was the owner of the first electric car imported to Norway in 1989. He traveled on toll roads without paying the fare until the government confiscated his car. He bought it back and continued to drive on the toll roads still without paying. This went on until the authorities officially decided to eliminate toll charges for electric cars. He was chosen by Tesla Motors to receive the first Tesla Model S all-electric car delivered in Europe to a retail customer in August 2013.[4][5]

In the 1990s Bellona established a Russian branch, with a strong focus on how to deal with the large amounts of nuclear waste that had accumulated over the years. This led to several years of controversies with the Russian authorities.[2] Alexander Nikitin, Bellona's representative in Murmansk was arrested by the Federal Security Service and charged with treason through espionage. After several years of court proceedings Nikitin was acquitted.[6] Hauge has later described this period as the toughest fight in the history of Bellona, and with the outcome he was most proud of.[2]

Later years[edit]

Over the years Hauge and Bellona has developed a more pragmatic approach, with an emphasis on finding solutions through collaboration with the industry.[7] He has also participated in workgroups for the European Union for drafting the organization's new policies on climate and energy.[2]

He appeared on Time magazine's list of "Heroes of the Environment" October 2007.[7]


  1. ^ Toldnæs, Jens Petter. "Frederic Hauge". In Godal, Anne Marit. Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Norsk nettleksikon. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d Flesland, Stig. "Frederic Hauge". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Rottem, Øystein. "Ingvar Ambjørnsen Hauge". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Tesla Sells Its First New Electric Car in Europe to Norway". The Nordic Page: Norway. 2013-08-11. Retrieved 2013-08-11. 
  5. ^ Dushyant (2013-08-11). "First Tesla Model S delivered in Europe". Speed Lux. Retrieved 2013-08-11. 
  6. ^ Severance, Alexander (2002). "Old Habits Die Hard: Aleksandr Nikitin, the European Court of Human Rights, and Criminal Procedure in the Russian Federation". Boston College International and Comparative Law Review. 25 (1): 176–197. 
  7. ^ a b Adam Smith (2007-10-17). "Heroes of the Environment - Activists: Frederic Hauge". Time Magazine. Retrieved 2013-08-11. 

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