Frederic J. Mouat

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Frederic J. Mouat
Born 1816
Died 1897
Nationality United Kingdom
Fields medicine

Frederic John Mouat (18 May 1816–12 Jan 1897) was a British surgeon.

He was born in Maidstone, Kent, the son of an army surgeon, and trained at University College London and Edinburgh University, qualifying as a Member of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1838. He entered the Indian Medical Service and was posted Assistant-Surgeon in Bengal in 1840. In 1853 he became Surgeon, in 1860 Surgeon-Major and ultimately Deputy Inspector-General of Hospitals. He was also Professor of Medicine in the Bengal Medical College. He spent 30 years in India, where he was a leading figure in the field of education, in which he was a major campaigner to establish the first universities in India and prison reform, including holding the post of Inspector-General of Gaols in lower Bengal. In 1857, during the Indian Mutiny, he was asked to investigate the Andaman Islands as a potential penal colony. He subsequently published a book about his Andaman experiences: Adventures and researches among the Andaman islanders (1863).[1]

He retired to the UK in 1870 and started a new career as an Inspector for the Local Government Board. He was also an active member of the Royal Statistical Society, becoming its President in 1890.[2]

He died in 1897 and was cremated at Woking. He left a widow and four stepchildren. He married twice, first in 1842 to Mary Rennards Boyce and secondly in 1889 to Margaret Kay, daughter of John Fawcus.


  1. ^ "Obituary". British Medical Journal 1 (1888): 628. PMC 2433148. Retrieved 6 August 2010. 
  2. ^ "Royal Statistical Society Presidents". Royal Statistical Society. Retrieved 6 August 2010.