Frederick Akbar Mahomed
Family and early life
Frederick Akbar Mahomed was born on 11 April 1849 in Brighton. He was the eldest son of Frederick Mahomed (1818—1888) and his second wife, Sarah Hodgkinson (1816—1905). He was educated privately in Brighton.
Frederick Akbar Mahomed's paternal grandfather was the Bengali traveller Sake Dean Mahomed, while his paternal grandmother Jane Daly was Irish. At the turn of the 19th century, they moved from Ireland to Brighton, England, where they had five children: Rosanna, Henry, Horatio, Frederick, and Arthur.
Frederick Akbar Mahomed's father, Frederick Mahomed, ran a fencing, gymnastics and callisthenics academy in Hove, which included boxing instruction. Cameron and Hicks dispute the suggestion that he ran Turkish baths at Brighton attributing this to a confusion of Frederick with his brother Arthur.
In 1867, aged 18, he began to study medicine at the Sussex County Hospital, Brighton. Two years later in October 1869 he entered Guy's Hospital, London as a medical student. He was an outstanding student and in 1871 he won the student Pupils' Physical Society prize for his work on the sphygmograph, having been runner-up the previous year. He qualified as a Member of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1872. Following qualification, Mahomed worked at Highgate Infirmary (St Pancras' North Infirmary, Central London Sick Asylum) for a year. In 1873 he was appointed as resident medical officer at the London Fever Hospital in Liverpool Street, Islington, where he worked with Sir William Broadbent. In 1874 Mahomed achieved membership of the Royal College of Physicians and was appointed as Student Tutor and Pathologist at St Mary's Hospital, Paddington. He gained an M.D. from the University of Brussels in 1875 and in 1877 he returned to Guy's Hospital as a Registrar (Senior Resident). He was elected as a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians in 1880 and in 1881 he was awarded an M.B. from Cambridge University for his thesis on "Chronic Bright's disease without albuminuria". In the same year he was appointed Assistant Physician at Guy's Hospital and in 1882 he was appointed as a Demonstrator in Morbid Anatomy. On 22 November 1884 he died at the age of 35 from typhoid, which he is presumed to have contracted from a patient at the London Fever Hospital. He was buried at Highgate Cemetery. Michael F. O'Rourke summarizes the contributions of Frederick Akbar Mahomed as follows:
In detailed clinical studies, he separated chronic nephritis with secondary hypertension from what we now term essential hypertension. He described the constitutional basis and natural history of essential hypertension and pointed out that this disease could terminate with nephrosclerosis and renal failure. His clinical studies were done without the benefit of a sphygmomanometer but with the aid of a quantitative sphygmogram that he had initially developed while a medical student. He described characteristic features of the pressure pulse in patients with high blood pressure and in persons with arteriosclerosis consequent on aging. These pressure wave changes have recently been verified and explained. He contributed to a number of other advances in medical care, including blood transfusion and appendectomy for appendicitis. He initiated the Collective Investigation Record for the British Medical Association; this organization collected data from physicians practicing outside the hospital setting and was the precursor of modern collaborative clinical trials.
- Cameron JS, Hicks J (May 1996). "Frederick Akbar Mahomed and his role in the description of hypertension at Guy's Hospital". Kidney Int. 49 (5): 1488–506. doi:10.1038/ki.1996.209. PMID 8731118.
- Shaw AB (1952). "Frederick Akhbar Mahomed and his contribution to the study of Bright's disease". Guys Hosp Rep. 101 (3): 153–73. PMID 12989629.
- Ansari, Humayun (2004). The Infidel Within: The History of Muslims in Britain, 1800 to the Present. C. Hurst & Co. p. 58. ISBN 1-85065-685-1.
- "Frederick Henry Horatio Akbar Mahomed". Lives of the Fellows of the Royal College of Physicians of London, 1826-1925. 4. p. 276. OCLC 752408006.
- Samuel Wilks, G.T. Bettany. A biographical history of Guy's Hospital. London: Ward, Lock, Bowden. OL 22852056M.
- O'Rourke, Michael F. (1992). "Frederick Akbar Mahomed". Hypertension. American Heart Association. 19 (2): 212–217. doi:10.1161/01.hyp.19.2.212. PMID 1737655.