Frederick Frost Blackman
25 July 1866
|Died||25 January 1947(aged 80)|
|Resting place||Parish of the Ascension Burial Ground|
|Alma mater||University of Cambridge|
Frederick Blackman was born in Lambeth, London to a doctor. He studied medicine at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, graduating MA. In the subsequent years, he studied natural sciences at the University of Cambridge and was awarded DSc.
He conducted research on plant physiology, in particular photosynthesis, in Cambridge until his retirement in 1936. Gabrielle Matthaei was his assistant until 1905. He was elected in May 1906 a Fellow of the Royal Society, his candidature citation reading "Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge. Ex-Lecturer and now Reader in Botany in the University." He has made distinguished investigations in plant physiology. In 1921 he was awarded the Royal Medal and in 1923 delivered the Croonian lecture.
He was buried at the Parish of the Ascension Burial Ground in Cambridge, with his wife Elsie (1882 - 1967).
Blackman's law of limiting factors
Blackman proposed the law of limiting factors in 1905. According to this law, when a process depends on a number of factors, its rate is limited by the pace of the slowest factor. Blackman's law is illustrated by concentration as a limiting factor in the rate of oxygen production in photosynthesis:
Suppose a leaf is exposed to a certain light intensity which can use 5 mg. of per hour in photosynthesis. If only 1 mg. of enters the leaf in an hour, the rate of photosynthesis is limited due to factor. But as the concentration of the increases from 1 to 5 mg./hour the rate of photosynthesis is also increased.
"Experimental researches in vegetable assimilation and respiration":
- 1895: "On a new method for investigating the carbonic acid exchanges of plants", Annals of Botany 9(1): 161 doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aob.a090729
- 1895: "On the paths of gaseous exchange between areal leaves and the atmosphere", Annals of Botany
- 1895: (with Gabrielle Matthaei) "On the effect of temperature on carbon dioxide assimilation"
- 1905: (with Gabrielle Matthaei) A Quantitative Study of Carbon Dioxide Assimilation and Leaf Temperature in Natural Illumination, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society at London via Jstor
- 1905: "Optima and Limiting Factors", Annals of Botany, doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aob.a089000
- Briggs, G. E. (1948). "Frederick Frost Blackman. 1866-1947". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 5 (16): 651–658. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1948.0003. JSTOR 768762.
- Anon (1947). "Frederick Frost Blackman July 25, 1866-January 30, 1947". Plant Physiology. 22 (3): ii–. doi:10.1104/pp.22.3.ii. PMC 405861.
- IPNI. F.F.Blackman.
- Briggs, G.E. (1970–1980). "Blackman, Frederick Frost". Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 2. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 183–185. ISBN 978-0-684-10114-9.
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