Frederick Campbell, 3rd Earl Cawdor
|The Right Honourable
The Earl Cawdor
PC JP DL
|First Lord of the Admiralty|
27 March 1905 – 4 December 1905
|Prime Minister||Arthur Balfour|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Selborne|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Tweedmouth|
|Born||13 February 1847
|Died||8 February 1911 (aged 63)
|Spouse(s)||Edith Turnor (1844-1926)|
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
Frederick Archibald Vaughan Campbell, 3rd Earl Cawdor PC JP DL (13 February 1847 – 8 February 1911), styled Viscount Emlyn from 1860 to 1898, was a British Conservative politician. He served briefly as First Lord of the Admiralty between March and December 1905.
Background and education
MP for Carmarthesnhire
Cawdor was Conservative Member of Parliament for Carmarthenshire from 1874 to 1885. In 1885 the constituency was divided in two and Emlyn decided to contest the new West Carmarthenshire constituency, although most of his family property lay in the eastern part of the county. His chances there appeared to be negligible given the growing industrial population which had been a key factor in the triumph of the Liberal candidate, Edward Sartoris at the 1868 General Election. Emlyn was opposed by the other sitting member, the Liberal W.R.H. Powell, himself a former Conservative supporter, who had first declared his support for the Liberals at the 1874 election. Powell now proclaimed that he had a duty to the Liberal cause to oppose Emlyn.
It was reported that the Conservatives were confident of their chances in West Carmarthenshire, on the grounds that it was largely an agricultural division. However, the electorate had more than doubled in the county, and the 1885 electorate in the Western Division alone exceeded that of the combined county seat in 1880. Powell's victory ended Emlyn's career in Carmarthenshire politics.
Later political career
He succeeded in the earldom in 1898 and served briefly under Arthur Balfour as First Lord of the Admiralty. Lord Cawdor took a leading part in the Conservative opposition to Lloyd George's budget of 1909 and in drafting resolutions for the reform of the House of Lords in 1910. He was also involved in Pembrokeshire local affairs, and as Chairman of the Great Western Railway from 1895 to 1905 greatly improved the service.
Lord Cawdor married Edith Georgiana Turnor, daughter of Christopher Turnor, on 16 September 1868. They had ten children. He died in February 1911, aged 63, and was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest son Hugh. Lady Cawdor died in 1926.
- "Liberal Meeting at Newcastle Emlyn.". South Wales Daily News. 24 October 1885. p. 3. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Election Prospects in South Wales. Carmarthenshire,". South Wales Daily News. 2 November 1885. p. 3. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1912). "Campbell, Frederick Archibald Vaughan". Dictionary of National Biography, 1912 supplement. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl Cawdor
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Edward John Sartoris
|Member of Parliament for Carmarthenshire
1874 – 1885
With: John Jones 1874–1880
Walter Rice Howell Powell 1880–1885
The Earl of Selborne
|First Lord of the Admiralty
The Lord Tweedmouth
The Lord Kensington
|Lord Lieutenant of Pembrokeshire
The Lord St Davids
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
John Frederick Campbell
Hugh Frederick Campbell