Frederick Carder (September 18, 1863- December 10, 1963) was an English artist and glassmaker. He was born in Staffordshire, England and attended Stourbridge School of Art and the Dudley Mechanic Institute, he later worked in Wordsley. In 1960, Alfred University honored Carder with an honorary doctorate degree.
Frederick Carder married Annie Walker on May 21, 1887. They had three children: a daughter Gladys (b. 1889, d. ), a son Stanley (b. 1891, d. ), and a son Cyril (b. 1893, d. 1918).
English period (1881-1903)
Frederick Carder began his glassmaking career with Stevens & Williams in 1881, where he helped re-introduce colored glass. While at Stevens & Williams, Carder worked with Peter Fabergé of Russia. In 1902, Carder was asked to compile a survey of current glassmaking techniques in other countries, including the United States.
After 20 years of glass design and glassmaking experience, disagreements developed within Stevens & Williams. As a result, Carder and his family emigrated to the United States.
American period (1903-1932)
Frederick Carder and Thomas J. Hawkes (of Hawkes crystal) co-founded the Steuben Glass Works in Corning, NY, the home of Corning Glass Company (also known as Corning Glass Works). Carder ran Steuben Glass Works from 1903 until 1932.
In 1918, Corning Glass purchased Steuben Glass Works, with Frederick Carder continuing to manage all aspects of the business. 1932, the advent of the Great Depression had a negative impact on business at Steuben. Corning Glass terminated the production of colored glass and took over the direction of the Steuben division, Carder was made artistic director for all Corning divisions.
Corning period (1932-1959)
In 1932, Steuben Glass Works reorganized under a new team headed by Arthur A. Houghton, Jr., John Gates, and Sidney Waugh. Using a new glass known as G10M, Steuben crystal products became colorless and clear. While not specifically managing Steuben operations, Frederic Carder continued in Corning by directing all aspects of Corning's design, manufacturing, and marketing of many glass products. During this period, he experimented with glass casting using the cire perdue (lost wax) method used in metal foundries. He made his notes and formulas available to others wishing to cast glass.
In 1943, Carder's wife Annie died. In 1959, Carder retired from Corning Glass Works. He died in December 1963, eighty-three days after his 100th birthday.
An elementary school located in Corning was given the name Frederick Carder School in his honor.
In 2005 Steuben Gallery, in Manhattan, mounted an exhibition of Carder's work that was curated by Donald Albrecht. The exhibition, called Frederick Carder: Glass, Passion, Invention, was designed by Pure+Applied. Photographs of the exhibition .
- Steuben Glass
- Corning Inc. (formerly Corning Glass Works)
- The Houghton Family
- The City of Corning, NY
- The Glass of Frederick Carder - Paul V. Gardner (1971)
- Frederick Carder and Steuben Glass - Thomas P. Dimitroff (1998)
- A Guide to Colored Steuben Glass (Book 1) - Eric Erickson (1965)
- A Guide to Colored Steuben Glass (Book 2) - Eric Erickson (1965)
- Steuben Glass - James S. Plaut (1971)
- Frederick Carder's Steuben Glass - Marshall Ketchum (2002)
- Carder's Steuben Glass - John F. Hotchkiss (1964)
- Steuben: Seventy Years of American Glassmaking - Perrot, Gardner, Plaut (1974)
- Asian Artists in Crystal - Steuben Glass (1956)
- Poetry in Crystal - Steuben Glass (1963)
- The Art of Steuben - Steuben Glass (1972)
- A Primer of Glass Design - Steuben Glass
- Alan Shovers; Evansville Museum of Arts, History and Science. Objects of desire : the art of Frederick Carder : the Alan and Susan Shovers collection of Steuben glass (Evansville, Ind. : Evansville Museum of Arts, History and Science, 2005) (Worldcat link:) ISBN 0-9709872-3-4; ISBN 978-0-9709872-3-5
- Kohler, Lucartha (1998). Glass: An Artist's Medium. Krause Publications. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-873-41604-7.