Frederick Carter

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Sir Frederick Carter
Premier of Newfoundland
In office
January 31, 1874 – April 1, 1878
Monarch Victoria
Lieutenant Governor Stephen John Hill
John Hawley Glover
Preceded by Charles Fox Bennett
Succeeded by William Whiteway
In office
March 4, 1865 – February 11, 1870[1]
Monarch Victoria
Lieutenant Governor Anthony Musgrave
Stephen John Hill
Preceded by Hugh W. Hoyles
Succeeded by Charles Fox Bennett
Personal details
Born (1819-02-12)February 12, 1819
St. John's, Newfoundland
Died March 1, 1900(1900-03-01) (aged 81)
St. John's, Newfoundland
Political party Conservative Party
Spouse(s) Elisa Bayly

Sir Frederick Bowker Terrington Carter, KCMG (February 12, 1819 – March 1, 1900) was a lawyer and Premier of Newfoundland from 1865 to 1870 and from 1874 to 1878.


Carter was son of Peter Weston Carter[2] and great-grandson of Robert Carter, who was appointed justice of the peace at Ferryland in 1750. In 1855, he was elected to the House of Assembly as a Conservative and was Speaker from 1861 to 1865. In 1865 he succeeded Sir Hugh Hoyles as Premier.

Carter was a supporter of Canadian confederation having been a delegate to the 1864 Quebec conference.[3] However, the Conservatives were defeated on the Confederation issue in the November 1869 election by the Anti-Confederation Party led by Charles Fox Bennett. Even though Newfoundland did not join the confederation until 1949, Carter is considered one of the Fathers of Confederation. Carter became Premier a second time in 1874, serving until 1878, but had dropped the issue of joining Canada. He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) in 1878.

In 1880 Carter was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Newfoundland, succeeding Sir Hugh Hoyles, and served in the post until 1898.[4] During his term as Chief Justice, Carter was a valued advisor for the Colonial Governors of Newfoundland and acted as administrator of the colony in their absence.[5]

He died in St. John's, Newfoundland in early March 1900.[6]


Carter married, in 1846, Eliza Bayly, daughter of George Bayly, Controller of HM Customs, Newfoundland.


  1. ^ "CARTER, Sir FREDERIC BOWKER TERRINGTON". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. University of Toronto/Université Laval. Retrieved January 31, 2016. 
  2. ^ Volume one, p. 363, Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador, ISBN 0-9693422-1-7.
  3. ^ "Carter, Sir Frederick Bowker Terrington National Historic Person". Parks Canada. 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2013-06-10. 
  4. ^ "Sir Frederic Bowker Terrington Carter". 2005-02-05. Retrieved 2013-10-06. 
  5. ^ "Carter, Sir Frederic Bowker Terrington". 2015. Retrieved 2016-06-29. 
  6. ^ "Obituaries - Sir Frederick Carter". The Times (36080). London. 3 March 1900. p. 8. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Hugh Hoyles
Premier of Newfoundland
Succeeded by
Charles Fox Bennett
Preceded by
Charles Fox Bennett
Premier of Newfoundland
Succeeded by
Sir William Whiteway