Frederick Chapman Robbins
|Frederick Chapman Robbins|
August 25, 1916|
August 4, 2003 (aged 86)|
|Alma mater||University of Missouri, Harvard University|
E. Mead Johnson Award (1953)|
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1954)
|Institutions||Case Western Reserve University|
Frederick Chapman Robbins (August 25, 1916 – August 4, 2003) was an American pediatrician and virologist. He was born in Auburn, Alabama, and grew up in Columbia, Missouri, attending David H. Hickman High School.
He received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1954 along with John Franklin Enders and Thomas Huckle Weller, making Robbins the only Nobel laureate born in Alabama. The award was for breakthrough work in isolating and growing the polio virus in tissue culture, paving the way for vaccines developed by Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin. He attended school at the University of Missouri and Harvard University.
In 1952, he was appointed professor of pediatrics at Case Western Reserve University. Robbins was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1962. From 1966 to 1980, Robbins was dean of the School of Medicine at Case Western. In 1980, he assumed the presidency of the National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine. Five years later, in 1985, Robbins returned to Case Western Reserve as dean emeritus and distinguished university professor emeritus. He continued to be a fixture at the medical school until his death in 2003. The medical school's "Frederick C. Robbins Society" is named in his honor.
Robbins received the Benjamin Franklin Medal for Distinguished Achievement in the Sciences of the American Philosophical Society in 1999.
- Frederick C. Robbins – Biography. Nobelprize.org. Retrieved on 2012-02-11.
- "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter R" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 6 April 2011.
- "Professor Frederick C. Robbins". The Independent. London. August 8, 2003. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
- Health Sciences Tour. 4. Frederick C. Robbins Building. Case Western Reserve University
- "Benjamin Franklin Medal for Distinguished Achievement in the Sciences Recipients". American Philosophical Society. Retrieved November 27, 2011.
- Zetterström, Rolf; Lagercrantz Hugo (2006). "J.F. Enders (1897–1985), T.H. Weller (1915–) and F.C. Robbins (1916–2003): a simplified method for the multiplication of poliomyelitis virus. Dreams of eradicating a terrifying disease". Acta Paediatr. 95 (9): 1026–8. doi:10.1080/08035250600900073. PMID 16938745.
- "The Abraham Flexner Award for distinguished service to medical education. Frederick C. Robbins, M.D". Journal of Medical Education. 63 (2): 121–2. 1988. PMID 3276892.
- Bendiner, E (1982). "Enders, Weller, and Robbins: the trio that 'fished in troubled waters'". Hosp. Pract. (Off. Ed.). 17 (1): 163, 169, 174–5 passim. PMID 6295913.
- Marshall, E (1980). "Institute of Medicine names Robbins president". Science. 207 (4436): 1184–5. doi:10.1126/science.6986655. PMID 6986655.
- Sulek, K (1968). "[Nobel prizes for John F. Enders, Frederick Ch, Robbins and Thomas H. Weller in 1954 for discovery of the possibility of growing poliomyelitis virus on various tissue media]". Wiad. Lek. 21 (24): 2301–3. PMID 4303387.