Frederick Douglass Circle
Frederick Douglass Circle is a traffic circle located at the northwest corner of Central Park at the intersection of Eighth Avenue (Frederick Douglass Boulevard and Central Park West) and 110th Street (Cathedral Parkway and Central Park North) in the New York City borough of Manhattan. The traffic circle is named for the American abolitionist, women’s suffragist, editor, orator, author, statesman and reformer Frederick Douglass.
Although a ceremony was held to name the circle after Frederick Douglass on September 17, 1950, the pedestrian plaza in the center of the intersection was not completed until June 2, 2010. In 1993, local residents and the Central Park Conservancy began developing plans to redesign the circle and make it symmetrical with Duke Ellington Circle at the Northeast corner of Central Park. Construction on the pedestrian plaza began in 2004 and was to be completed in one year. However, due to numerous construction delays, the plaza was not completed until June 2, 2010.
The traffic circle features a complex colored paving pattern that alludes to traditional African American quilt designs. Harlem-based artist Algernon Miller designed the paving. Additional features, including wrought-iron symbolic and decorative elements, a water wall, and inscribed historical details and quotations representing the life of Frederick Douglass and the slaves’ passage to freedom. A central bronze sculpture, depicting a standing Frederick Douglass, has been crafted by Hungarian-born artist Gabriel Koren.
Frederick Douglass Circle connects the New York City neighborhoods of Harlem with the Upper West Side. Harlem, which since the 1920s has been as a major African-American residential, cultural, and business center is to the North and East of the intersection. Cathedral Parkway climbs westward from here into Morningside Heights, home of institutions such as Columbia University, Barnard College, the Manhattan School of Music and the Cathedral of Saint John the Divine.
The M3, M4 and M10 bus lines and the A B C services of the New York City Subway all stop near Frederick Douglass Circle. Until 1940, this was also the site of the "Suicide Curve" of the IRT Ninth Avenue Line.
- "City Circle Named in Negro's Honor". New York Times. 1950-09-18. Retrieved 2010-02-06.
- Allen, Janet (1996-05-05). "A Community's Challenge: Finding a Way to Redesign a Circle". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-02-06.
- "Master Planning Case Study: Frederick Douglass Circle". Project for Public Spaces. Retrieved 2010-02-06.[dead link]
- "Black History Month Celebration: New York City Parks Sculptures Honoring the African-American Experience". New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
- Cohen, Noam (2007-01-23). "In Douglass Tribute, Slave Folklore and Fact Collide". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
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- Public Art New York Times, 2009