June 18, 1836|
|Died||October 13, 1913
|Place of burial||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America
||United States Army
|Years of service||1856–1900|
|Commands held||Battery A, 4th U.S. Artillery|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War
• Battle of White Oak Swamp
• Battle of Antietam
• Battle of Gettysburg
• Battle of Dinwiddie Court House
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Frederick Fuger (June 18, 1836 – October 13, 1913) was an enlisted man and officer in the U.S. Army. He received the Medal of Honor for gallantry during the Battle of Gettysburg while defending the Union position on Cemetery Ridge against Pickett's Charge on July 3, 1863.
Emigrating from his native Germany in 1853, Fuger joined the 4th U.S. Artillery in 1856 and was assigned to Battery A. He saw service in Florida in 1856 against the Seminoles, Kansas in 1857, Utah in 1858 against the Mormons, and Nevada in 1860 against the Paiutes.
Fuger’s five-year enlistment was set to expire in 1861 when Confederate forces fired on Fort Sumter. He reenlisted and was promoted to 1st sergeant of Battery A, 4th U.S. Artillery under the command of Lt. Alonzo Cushing. During Pickett's Charge, at Cemetery Ridge and after the demise of Cushing as well as the mortal wounding of 2nd Lt. Joseph Milne, Fuger took command of the remaining artillerymen and continued to fire the batteries under the pressure of approaching Confederates. Despite the barrage, Confederate soldiers under the command of Brig. General Lewis Armistead pushed onward and over the stonewall landing among the forward guns. Fuger's men engaged in hand-to-hand to drive the Confederates off the field. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for this action. He also received a commission as 2nd lieutenant in the Regular Army.
By his own account Fuger was present at 63 Civil War battles and minor engagements being slightly wounded twice, once in the head at the Battle of White Oak Swamp, June 30, 1862 and once in the left arm at the Battle of Antietam, September 17, 1862.
Fuger was brevetted 1st lieutenant U.S. Army for gallant and meritorious services in the Battle of Dinwiddie Court House, Virginia, March 31, 1865. Promoted to 1st Lieutenant 4th Artillery in December 1865. Promoted to captain 4th Artillery, March 1887. Promoted to major 4th Artillery February 13, 1899. Retired for age being 64 years old in June 1900. By an Act of Congress passed in April 1904 Fuger, being a Civil War veteran, was promoted to lieutenant colonel U.S. Army.
- "The Historical Page - Historical articles and information pertaining to Cushing's Battery and the Civil War". Retrieved October 5, 2010.
- A.,, Hessler, James. Pickett's charge at Gettysburg : a guide to the most famous attack in American history. Motts, Wayne E.,. El Dorado Hills, CA. ISBN 1611212006. OCLC 905902794.
- Hesselberg, George (March 9, 2010). "Wisconsin soldier who died in the Civil War gets Medal of Honor recommendation". Wisconsin State Journal. Madison, Wisconsin. Archived from the original on March 13, 2010.