Frederick Fitzwygram

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Fitzwygram in 1895.

Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Wellington John Fitzwygram, 4th Baronet (29 August 1823 – 9 December 1904) was a British Army cavalry officer, expert on horses and Conservative politician.

Fitzwygram was the third son of Sir Robert Fitzwygram, 2nd Baronet and his wife Selina Hayes. He became a cavalry officer and served with the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons in the Crimean War. He subsequently commanded the Cavalry Brigade at Aldershot.[1] In 1873 he inherited the Wigram Baronetcy on the death of his elder brother Robert. He purchased the Leigh Park estate, at Havant, in 1874 and developed the grounds and gardens[2] which were frequently thrown open to the public. He was a member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons,[3] and as President from 1875 to 1877 he unified the veterinary profession. He was active in public life.[4] From 1879 to 1884 he was Inspector-General of Cavalry at Aldershot.

Fitzwygram was elected as Member of Parliament for Hampshire South in a by-election in 1884, and when the constituency was restructured, he became MP for Fareham in 1885. He held the seat until 1900, being interested in military and horse related matters in the House of Commons.[5] He wrote an influential book on the care and management of horses Horses and Stables which was first published by Longmans, Green, Reader and Dyer of London in 1869.Fitzwygram's memorial in Havant church is the west window illustrating St. Gabriel and St. Michael.[6] He was an honorary member of the Manchester Unity of Independent Order of Oddfellows, Royal Naval Lodge, England.[7]


  1. ^ St James Hampton Hill
  2. ^ Staunton Country Park
  3. ^ St James Hampton Hill
  4. ^ Events in Portsmouth Archived 16 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Hansard 1897
  6. ^ The Church of St Faith Havant Archived 11 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ The Oddfellows, 1810-2010, 200 years of making friends and helping people by author Daniel Weinbren

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Francis Compton
Lord Henry John Montagu-Douglas-Scott
Member of Parliament for Hampshire South
With: Francis Compton
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Fareham
Succeeded by
Arthur Lee
Baronetage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Robert Fitzwygram, 3d Bt
(of Walthamstow)
Succeeded by
Sir Frederick Fitzwigram, 5th Bt