Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

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Frederick Francis I
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Friedrich franz 1.jpg
Portrait by Rudolph Suhrlandt (1817)
Reign24 April 1785 – 1 February 1837
PredecessorFrederick II
SuccessorPaul Frederick
Born(1756-12-10)10 December 1756
Schwerin, Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Died1 February 1837(1837-02-01) (aged 80)
Ludwigslust, Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
SpousePrincess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
IssueFrederick Louis, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Louise Charlotte, Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Duke Gustav Wilhelm
Duke Karl
Charlotte Frederica, Hereditary Princess of Denmark
Duke Adolf
HouseMecklenburg-Schwerin
FatherDuke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
MotherPrincess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
ReligionLutheranism

Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (10 December 1756 – 1 February 1837) ruled over the German state of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, first as Duke (1785–1815), and then as Grand Duke (1815–1837).

Biography[edit]

He was born in Schwerin, Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, to Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. Friedrich Franz succeeded his uncle Friedrich as Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in 1785.[1]

Following the Napoleonic Wars, Friedrich Franz was raised to the dignity of Grand Duke at the Congress of Vienna.[2] Along with his cousin in Mecklenburg-Strelitz, he was known as one of the most reactionary German rulers. On his death in 1837 he was succeeded by his grandson, Grand Duke Paul Friedrich.

Marriage and children[edit]

On 1 June 1775 in Gotha, Friedrich Franz married Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.[1] They had eight children:

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Online Gotha
  2. ^ Haydn, Joseph (1855). History of the Wars of the French Revolution. Bangs. p. 555.
  3. ^ a b Schelfkirche St. Nikolai zu Schwerin in: worldhistory.de [retrieved 2 March 2017].
  4. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 83.
Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Cadet branch of the House of Mecklenburg
Born: 10 December 1756 Died: 1 February 1837
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Frederick II
Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1785–1815
Became Grand Duke
New title
Previously Duke
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1815–1837
Succeeded by
Paul Frederick