Frederick Freeman Proctor
|Frederick Freeman Proctor|
Proctor circa 1909
March 17, 1851|
|Died||September 4, 1929
Larchmont, New York
Lucy Ann Tufts
|Relatives||John William Merrow, nephew|
Frederick Freeman Proctor (March 17, 1851 – September 4, 1929), aka F.F. Proctor, was a vaudeville impresario who pioneered the method of continuous vaudeville. He opened the Twenty-third Street Theatre in New York City.
Newark, New Jersey
Warren G. Harris writes:
Proctor's [at 116 Market Street] in downtown Newark was one of the rare 'double decker' theatres. Designed by architect John William Merrow, the eight-story complex had a large 2,300-seat theatre at ground level and a smaller theatre of about 900 seats occupying the top four floors beneath the roof. This fairly narrow building contained only the lobby of the larger theatre, which had its auditorium behind it. Very little has been reported about the operation of the upstairs theatre, which was apparently seldom used until the early 1960s, when it was renovated for the presentation of "foreign" films as the Penthouse Cinema. But the main theatre, with its cavernous two balconies, was always one of Newark's leaders, first with vaudeville only and eventually taken over by movies exclusively. When all of F.F. Proctor's theatres were acquired by Radio-Keith-Orpheum, it became known as RKO Proctor's. The theatre eventually fell victim to the urban decline of Newark and to RKO's merger with Stanley-Warner, which operated the nearby and larger Branford. The new management decided to close Proctor's, and it has been standing more or less derelict ever since.
Schenectady, New York
Proctor opened his first theater in Schenectady, New York in 1912, near the Erie Canal. On April 14, 1925, ground was broken for the "new" Proctor's Theatre in Schenectady, New York at its present site. Designed by famed theater architect Thomas W. Lamb, the theater cost $1.5 million to build and had a seating capacity of 2,700. On December 27, 1926, Proctor's Theatre opened with a showing of Stranded in Paris, a silent film starring Bebe Daniels.
Inside was a $50,000 Wurlitzer organ. Over 7,100 paid admissions were collected. In 1928, sound equipment was installed for the "talkies". On May 22, 1930, Proctor's was the site of the first public demonstration of television. An orchestra led by the image of a conductor that was sent from the General Electric laboratories over a mile away, and projected onto a seven-foot screen. The experiment was by Ernst Alexanderson.
In 1929 the chain was sold to the Radio-Keith-Orpheum Corporation (RKO).
- "F. F. Proctor Dead. Dean of Vaudeville. Founded a Chain of Theatres Recently Sold to RadioKeith-Orpheum Circuit. Gymnast of Note at First. Had to Help Support Family as Boy at Father's Death. Fortune Estimated at $16,000,000. Starts a Chain of Theatres. Introduced Continuous Shows. Tributes From Associates.". New York Times. September 5, 1929.
Frederick Francis Proctor, prominent for more than half a century in New York theatricals and dean of vaudeville managers, died at his home in Larchmont, New York, yesterday, at the age of 78 years, after an illness of several months. Death was due to congestion of the lungs.
- 1880 US Census; Dexter, Maine
- Cullen, Frank (2007). Vaudeville, Old & New: An Encyclopedia of Variety Performers in America. ISBN 0-415-93853-8.
He built and lived at 90 Park Avenue in Larchmont, New York.
- William Moulton Marston; and John Henry Feller; F.F. Proctor, Vaudeville Pioneer (1943)
- Richard Butsch; The Making of American Audiences: From Stage to Television, 1750-1990 ISBN 0-521-66483-7