Frederick George Holweck
Frederick George Holweck (born Friedrich Georg Holweck; 1856–1927) was a German-American Roman Catholic parish priest and scholar, hagiographer and church historian.
Frederick George Holweck was born in Germany in 1856 and emigrated with his parents to the St. Louis area. He studied at the German Roman Catholic Seminary in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and was ordained on June 27, 1880. Father Holweck returned to St. Louis, where he was assigned as assistant pastor at the Church of St. Francis de Sales in South St. Louis. The parish had been founded in the 1860s to serve the German immigrant community.
Holweck could speak nearly 15 European languages fluently. In May 1892, Holweck was appointed to the new St. Aloysius Gonzaga Parish in the city's famed "Hill" Neighborhood. A temporary frame church building, in honor of St. Aloysius, dedicated on October 16, 1892 as well as a school building. Masses were largely in German. Around the turn of the century, numerous Italian immigrants arrived in the district. In 1903, Rev. Holweck invited Rev. Ceasar Spigardi of St. Charles Borromeo Church in St. Charles, Missouri, to organize a mission for Italians in the St. Aloysius building. This mission raised funds to organize the St. Ambrose parish, which served primarily the recent Lombard immigrants, who were able to move into their own temporary building by year’s end.
In 1903 Holweck returned to St. Francis De Sales Church as pastor. As the church had been destroyed by the tornado of 1896, he was charged with building a new one to meet the needs of the growing parish. The building was completed in 1908.
At the end of his life he was honored with the title Monsignor, and appointment as domestic prelate to the Pope, and served as Vicar-General for the Archdiocese of St. Louis. Monsignor Holweck served as pastor of St. Francis de Sales until his death in 1927. He was buried on the Priests Lot at Old Saints Peter and Paul Cemetery.
Holweck had received an extensive advanced theological education. His 1892 Freiburg dissertation collected 940 Marian feasts and customs. He supported the St Louis Catholic Historical Society, as an original researcher into the local history of the diocese and in other fields. Holweck was a contributor to the Catholic Encyclopedia. His manuscripts are held by Saint Louis University.
- Fasti Mariani sive Calendarium Festorum Sancte.Mariae Virginis Deiparae Mcmoriis Historicis Illustratum. Auctore F. G. Holweck (Archdiocese of St. Louis) Freiburg im Breisgau: Herder, 1892. (Googlebook in Latin original) Reviewed critically in
- - UK Jesuit periodical This Month Vol 76 October 1892 and another contemporary
- - US periodical American Ecclesiastical Review, Volume
- Historical archives of the Archdiocese of St. Louis (1918)
- A Biographical Dictionary of the Saints (1924)
- The seal of confession;: A drama in five acts. Adapted from Father Spillman's story " A victim to the seal of confession." (1924)
- Calendarium liturgicum festorum dei et dei matris Mariae (1925), edition of the Fasti Mariani
- The American Martyrology
- "Biographical Notes", Archives, St. Louis University
- Allen, Michael. "Preserving St. Aloysius Gonzaga Church", Preservation Research Office, December 18, 2005
- "Early (pre 1900) St. Louis Places of Worship". stlouis.genealogyvillage.com. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
- "About § St. Francis de Sales Oratory, St. Louis Latin Mass". Institute-christ-king.org. 26 November 1908. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- "Dogtown History of Cheltenham and St. James Parish by P.J. O'Connor". Webster.edu. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- John Francis Baldovin, Maxwell E. Johnson, Between Memory and Hope (2000), p. 400.
- John Paul Cadden, The Historiography of the American Catholic Church, 1785–1943 (1978), p. 110.