Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 3rd Marquess of Dufferin and Ava

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The Marquess of Dufferin and Ava

Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 3rd Marquess of Dufferin and Ava.jpg
The Marquess in 1921
Speaker of the Senate of Northern Ireland
In office
1921–1930
Preceded byNew office
Succeeded by6th Viscount Bangor
Personal details
Born
Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood

26 February 1875 (1875-02-26)
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Died21 July 1930(1930-07-21) (aged 55)
Meopham, Kent
Spouse(s)
Brenda Woodhouse
(m. 1908; his death 1930)
RelationsBasil Temple Blackwood (brother)
Terence Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 2nd Marquess of Dufferin and Ava (brother)
Parents1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava
Marchioness of Dufferin and Ava

Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 3rd Marquess of Dufferin and Ava DSO, PC (26 February 1875 – 21 July 1930), styled Lord Frederick Blackwood between 1888 and 1918, was a British soldier and politician.

Early life[edit]

Lord Dufferin was born on 26 February 1875 in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, during his father's term as Governor General of Canada.[1][2] He was the fourth son of Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava and Hariot Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, Marchioness of Dufferin and Ava.[3] While his father was Viceroy and Governor-General of India in the 1880s, his mother was known for leading an initiative to improve medical care for women in British India.[4]

Career[edit]

Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood joined the 9th Lancers as a second lieutenant on 11 August 1897. He was promoted to lieutenant on 9 October 1899,[5] and served with his regiment during the Second Boer War from 1899 to 1901, where he was present at the engagements at Belmont, Enslin, Modder River, Magersfonstein, the relief of Kimberley, and the advance to Bloemfontein and Pretoria. He was also present at the subsequent fighting in the Transvaal, Orange River Colony and Cape Colony, where he was badly wounded on Christmas Eve 1900. Twice mentioned in despatches (including 31 March 1900[6]), he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) in November 1900 for his service during the war.[7]

He retired from the Army in 1913 with the rank of captain.[8]

Great War[edit]

After leaving the Army he was appointed military secretary to the Governor General of Australia, Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson (later Viscount Novar), who was his brother-in-law. Following the outbreak of the First World War he rejoined his old regiment the 9th Lancers and was seriously wounded when serving on the Western Front in October 1914 and was subsequently transferred to the Grenadier Guards. He was again seriously wounded in the autumn of 1915 having returned to duty for only three days. He served as a staff captain in the Guards Division in 1916 and was seconded to the Machine Gun Corps as an instructor in 1918. After the war he was president of the Ulster Ex-Servicemen's Association.[8]

Late career[edit]

He succeeded to the marquessate on the death of his elder brother Terence Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 2nd Marquess of Dufferin and Ava on 7 February 1918. His eldest brother Archibald, Earl of Ava had been killed in action at Waggon Hill in the Boer War in January 1900, while his other brother, Lord Basil Blackwood, had perished in an attack on German trenches in July 1917.[8]

Lord Dufferin was elected to the Senate of the Parliament of Northern Ireland in 1921, where he served as Speaker from 1921 to 1930, and was sworn of the Privy Council of Ireland on 16 September 1921 and of the Privy Council of Northern Ireland on 12 December 1922. He was an RNVR (Royal Naval Reserve) aide-de-camp to King George V and was appointed Vice-Admiral of Ulster by the King in 1923, a post which his father had held.[8]

Personal life[edit]

Lord Dufferin was married on 10 June 1908 to Brenda Woodhouse, only daughter of Major Robert Woodhouse, of Orford House, Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire. They had two children:[8]

On 21 July 1930 Lord Dufferin was flying with a party of friends from Berck, a small village in France near Le Touquet, back to England when the aircraft crashed outside Meopham, Kent, killing all those on board. The others in the party were Sir Edward Simons Ward, Bt.; Viscountess Ednam, the wife of Viscount Ednam (heir to the Earl of Dudley) and a daughter of Cromartie Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 4th Duke of Sutherland; and Mrs Loeffler, a well-known society hostess, along with the pilot, Lt. Col. George Lochart Henderson and the assistant pilot, Mr C. D. Shearing. Lord Dufferin was buried in the family burial ground at Clandeboye, County Down.[8]

Lord Dufferin's widow married again after his death to Henry Charles Somers Augustus Somerset (1874–1945), the only son of Lord Henry Somerset (himself the brother of Henry Somerset, 9th Duke of Beaufort) on 28 January 1932. Lady Somerset died on 17 July 1946.[8]

Arms[edit]

Coat of arms of Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 3rd Marquess of Dufferin and Ava
Coronet
A Coronet of an Marquess
Crest
1st: On a Cap of Maintenance Gules turned up Ermine a Crescent Argent (Blackwood); 2nd, On a Ducal Coronet Or a Martlet Gold (Temple); 3rd, a Demi-Antelope affrontée Ermine attired and unguled Or holding between his hoofs a Heart Gules (Hamilton, Earl of Clanbrassill)
Escutcheon
Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Azure a Fess Or in chief a Crescent Argent between two Mullets of the second and in base a Mascle of the third (Blackwood); 2nd, quarterly, 1st and 4th, Or an Eagle displayed Sable, 2nd and 3rd, Argent two Bars Sable each charged with three Martlets Or (Temple); 3rd, Gules three Cinquefoils pierced Ermine on a Chief Or a Lion passant of the field (Hamilton, Earl of Clanbrassill)
Supporters
Dexter: a Lion Gules armed and langued Azure gorged with a Tressure flory-counterflory Or; Sinister: an Heraldic Tiger Ermine gorged with a like Tressure Gules; each supporter supporting a Flag Staff proper therefrom flowing a Banner Or charged with a Peacock in his Pride also proper
Motto
Per Vias Rectas ( By straight ways)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Black, Charles Edward Drummond (1903). The Marquess of Dufferin and Ava: Diplomatist, Viceroy, Statesman. Hutchinson. p. 392. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  2. ^ "A Biography of Dufferin" (PDF). The New York Times. 11 April 1903. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  3. ^ Hammond, editor, Peter W. (1998). The Complete Peerage or a History of the House of Lords and All its Members From the Earliest Times, Volume XIV. Gloucestershire, U.K.: Addenda & Corrigenda | Stroud | Sutton Publishing. p. 281. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  4. ^ Forbes, Geraldine Hancock (1943). Women in Colonial India: Essays on Politics, Medicine, and Historiography. New Delhi: Chronicle Books. ISBN 8180280179. OCLC 60396009.
  5. ^ "No. 27157". The London Gazette. 26 January 1900. p. 513.
  6. ^ "No. 27282". The London Gazette. 8 February 1901. pp. 844–846.
  7. ^ "No. 27359". The London Gazette. 27 September 1901. p. 6305.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Dufferin and Ava, Marquess of (UK, 1888 - 1988)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 8 November 2017.

External links[edit]


Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Terence Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood
Marquess of Dufferin and Ava
1918–1930
Succeeded by
Basil Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood
Political offices
New office Speaker of the Senate of Northern Ireland
1921–1930
Succeeded by
6th Viscount Bangor