Frederick Henry Johnson

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Frederick Henry Johnson
VCFrederickHenryJohnson.jpg
Born (1890-08-15)15 August 1890
Streatham, London
Died 26 November 1917(1917-11-26) (aged 27)
Cambrai, France
Buried Remembered on the Cambrai Memorial
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1914 - 1917
Rank Major
Unit Royal Engineers
Battles/wars World War I
Awards Victoria Cross

Frederick Henry Johnson VC (15 August 1890 – 26 November 1917) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Details[edit]

An Old Boy of Whitgift Middle School (Croydon), St Dunstan's College (Catford) and Battersea Polytechnic[1], Johnson was commissioned in 1914 as a Second Lieutenant in the 73rd Field Coy., Corps of Royal Engineers, British Army.[2] He was 25 years old, on 25 September 1915 during the attack on Hill 70 in the Battle of Loos, when he performed an act of bravery for which he was awarded the Victoria Cross.

For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty in the attack on Hill 70 on 25 September 1915. Second Lieutenant Johnson was with a section of his company of the Royal Engineers. Although wounded in the leg, he stuck to his duty throughout the attack, led several charges on the German redoubt, and at a very critical time, under very heavy fire, repeatedly rallied the men who were near him. By his splendid example and cool courage he was mainly instrumental in saving the situation and in establishing firmly his part of the position which had been taken. He remained at his post until relieved in the evening.

— The London Gazette, 16 November 1915[3]

He later achieved the rank of Major and was killed in action whilst commanding 231st Field Coy. Royal Engineers[4] in Bourlon Wood, France, on 26 November 1917 and is commemorated on the Cambrai Memorial to the Missing.[5]

The medal[edit]

Johnson's medal is privately owned.

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Archives: Service Record (WO 339/42489)
  2. ^ Lewisham War Memorials
  3. ^ "No. 29371". The London Gazette (Supplement). 16 November 1915. p. 11448. 
  4. ^ National Archives: War Diary (WO 95/2601)
  5. ^ Johnson,Frederick Henry, Commonwealth War Graves Commission
  1. Monuments to Courage (David Harvey, 1999)
  2. The Register of the Victoria Cross (This England, 1997)
  3. The Sapper VCs (Gerald Napier, 1998)
  4. VCs of the First World War - The Western Front 1915 (Peter F. Batchelor & Christopher Matson, 1999)

External links[edit]